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Paul Samuelson's Mach

Rod Cross

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This final chapter analyzes Samuelson's methodology through the work of the physicist, psychologist, and philosopher Ernst Mach, categorizing Mach's thoughts with a big ‘M’. Thoughts of Mach range ... More


Ether and Aesthetics in the Dialogue between Relativists and Their Critics in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Richard Staley

in Ether and Modernity: The recalcitrance of an epistemic object in the early twentieth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198797258
eISBN:
9780191838750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797258.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter pairs a study of ether and aesthetics in exploring dialogues between relativists and critics in two different periods. In the 1880s, Ernst Mach argued against absolute time and space but ... More


The Classic Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Prior to the 19th century one can find references to the problem of lightness and color constancy, but no sustained experimental program. Most notable in this regard are the insightful writings of ... More


Mach and Inner Cognitive Africa

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the views of Australian philosopher-physicist Ernst Mach, the earliest and most systematic writer on thought experiments (and, not coincidentally, mentor of the young Albert ... More


The Verein Ernst Mach and the Politicization of Viennese Progressive Thought

Janek Wasserman

in Black Vienna: The Radical Right in the Red City, 1918-1938

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452871
eISBN:
9780801455223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452871.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

One of the groups that challenged the Spannkreis was the Vienna Circle of logical empiricists. This chapter examines the social activities of members of the Verein Ernst Mach (Ernst Mach Society), ... More


The Earthquake Observers: Disaster Science from Lisbon to Richter

Deborah R. Coen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226111810
eISBN:
9780226111834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111834.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Earthquakes have taught us much about our planet's hidden structure and the forces that have shaped it. This knowledge rests not only on the recordings of seismographs, but also on the observations ... More


Identity and Margin

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the three great mature works in which Hardy and Conrad most fully explore the indeterminate sensory boundaries between individual organisms and their circumambient world. The ... More


Philosophy and Logic in the Nineteenth Century

John A. Goldsmith and Bernard Laks

in Battle in the Mind Fields

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226550800
eISBN:
9780226550947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226550947.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter presents the philosophical models that would later have great influence on the mind sciences, beginning with Kant. Auguste Comte’s new philosophy, positivism, led thinkers in a different ... More


Thought Experiments

Roy A. Sorensen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Can merely thinking about an imaginary situation provide evidence for how the world actually is — or how it ought to be? This book addresses this question with an analysis of a wide variety of ... More


Contexts (I): Empiricism and Psychology

John Scholar

in Henry James and the Art of Impressions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853510
eISBN:
9780191887925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853510.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chapter 2 begins the book’s intellectual history of the impression from the seventeenth century to the twentieth (which continues in Chapter 3). These contexts come from two movements, empiricism and ... More


The Genesis of Relativistic Cosmology

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter highlights the background for the emergence of relativistic cosmology. A specific interpretational issue, which is treated in this context, is the role of Ernst Mach's principle and the ... More


Issues of visual perception

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter starts with the observation that surprisingly many of those actively engaged in optical, microscopic or spectroscopic research during the 19th and 20th centuries shared a common interest ... More


Schisms

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Helmholtz articulates a final story on the basis of the new thermodynamics, examined in relation to the change of organic forms, energy and entropy. He recasts this as a synthesis of thermodynamics ... More


Models and Mechanisms: Physical Understanding in the Nineteenth Century

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the role of mechanical modeling in nineteenth-century physics, showing how precisely mechanical models were used to enhance scientific understanding. It discusses the work and ... More


Introduction

Deborah R. Coen

in The Earthquake Observers: Disaster Science from Lisbon to Richter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226111810
eISBN:
9780226111834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111834.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the nineteenth century, a scientific description of an earthquake was built of stories from seismic observers. This book is concerned with earthquake reports based on human observations. It also ... More


Beginnings

Robert L. Wears and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe

in Still Not Safe: Patient Safety and the Middle-Managing of American Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190271268
eISBN:
9780190271299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190271268.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The To Err is Human report rests upon a series of historical episodes—the early development of safety thinking in healthcare, the evolution of safety thinking in the safety sciences, and accumulating ... More


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