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Virtues in Epistemology

John Greco

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Virtues in Epistemology,” John Greco presents and evaluates two main notions of intellectual virtue. The first concerns Ernest Sosa's development of this concept as a disposition to grasp truth ... More


Faculties

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Faculties are the innate basis of our powers to do things; intellectual faculties are the innate basis of our intellectual powers — our abilities to acquire, refine, and transmit intellectual goods. ... More


Knowledge

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

It is tempting to hold that a belief which is held unreflectively is not justified, and therefore, cannot constitute knowledge. Justification seems to be something which we achieve, rather than ... More


The Justification of Introspective Beliefs

Richard Feldman

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Addresses an important challenge to any evidentialist view of the justification that conscious states provide. The challenge strongly suggests that something other than evidence plays a central role ... More


Perceptual Knowledge and Epistemological Satisfaction

Barry Stroud

in Philosophers Past and Present: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608591
eISBN:
9780191729621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Ernest Sosa's ‘externalist’ answer to the traditional epistemological question of how we know things about the world around us. It agrees with Sosa's rejection of ‘internalist’ ... More


Scepticism, ‘Externalism’, and the Goal of Epistemology

Barry Stroud

in Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stresses again the unavoidability of scepticism in a pursuit to defend a philosophical theory of knowledge and casts doubt on attempts to find solutions to the epistemological question other than ... More


Virtue and Character in Reliabilism

Jason Baehr

in The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Here it is argued that while intellectual virtues do not merit a central and fundamental role in an analysis of knowledge, they do merit a peripheral or secondary role in reliabilist theories of ... More


Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge

Ernest Sosa

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge,” Ernest Sosa notes that in attempting to account for the conditions for knowledge, externalists have proposed that the justification condition be replaced or ... More


The Place of Truth in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose we think that knowledge is belief that is both true and derives from intellectual virtue. And if we also assume that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief, then where does the ... More


Abilities, Competences, and Fallibility

Alan Millar

in Knowing by Perceiving

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198755692
eISBN:
9780191816840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755692.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The account of recognitional abilities is situated within a broader perspective on general abilities, beginning with those exercised in doing things intentionally, like riding a bicycle. The success ... More


The Value of Reflection

Stephen R. Grimm

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is the value of reflection? This chapter explores Ernest Sosa’s influential distinction between animal knowledge and reflective knowledge, and argues that Sosa has not provided a compelling ... More


Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge

Joe Salerno

in Knowledge and Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014083
eISBN:
9780262265782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014083.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on a criticism of reflective knowledge, which is taken by Vogel as a decisive objection to tracking theories. This criticism finds its roots in Vogel’s earlier work and recurs in ... More


Rising above the Animals: The Search for Intellectual Assurance

Richard Fumerton

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Ernest Sosa’s epistemological views primarily as they have been set forth in his two volumes on Reflective Knowledge. As the title of this chapter might suggest, the chapter ... More


Epistemic Agency

Hilary Kornblith

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Over the years, the notion of epistemic agency has played a larger and larger role in Ernest Sosa’s epistemology. In his most recent work, epistemic agency plays an absolutely central role in ... More


Epistemic Circularity and Virtuous Coherence

Ram Neta

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the final chapter of Knowing Full Well, Ernest Sosa argues that his virtue epistemology can solve the problem of epistemic circularity. This chapter argues that his solution is unsuccessful, ... More


Abilities, Competences, and Fallibility

Alan Millar

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Perceptual knowledge is the outcome of the exercise of perceptual-recognitional abilities. An account of those abilities is set in the context of an account of abilities in general. A success thesis ... More


Against Actual-world Reliabilism: Epistemically Correct Procedures and Reliably True Outcomes

Peter J. Graham

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Reliabilism about epistemic justification claim that what makes epistemically correct procedures of belief-formation correct is that these procedures produce reliably true outcomes. If correct ... More


Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Miguel Ángel Fernández Vargas (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book brings together previously unpublished work which discuss key issues concerning the foundations and applications of a prominent branch of virtue epistemology called “performance-based ... More


Kinds of Knowledge, Limits of Science

Jeroen de Ridder

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Does scientific knowledge have limits? This chapter tries to answer this question by first investigating the distinct nature of scientific knowledge, as contrasted with other kinds of knowledge. Two ... More


Luminosity

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 11 defends the thesis that some phenomenal and epistemic conditions are luminous in the sense that you’re always in a position to know whether or not they obtain. Section 11.1 draws a ... More


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