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“Women’s Liberation” and the Equal Rights Amendment

June Melby Benowitz

in Challenge and Change: Right-Wing Women, Grassroots Activism, and the Baby Boom Generation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061221
eISBN:
9780813051437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061221.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins with a brief history of the women’s equal rights movement, and then explores women’s responses to the issue during the 1960s and 1970s. Most of the women examined here were ... More


 Morality Politics

David Domke and Kevin Coe

in The God Strategy: How Religion Became a Political Weapon in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326413
eISBN:
9780199870431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326413.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the fourth and final religious signal: engaging in morality politics. Morality politics is an approach that elevates political issues into symbolic, moral battles. The ... More


Welfare States, 1932–1979

Robinson Woodward-Burns

in Hidden Laws: How State Constitutions Stabilize American Politics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780300248692
eISBN:
9780300258288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300248692.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter recounts New Deal and Great Society constitutional development in three chronological steps. The first section outlines the labor and pension debates that gripped Congress and the Court ... More


Different versus Equal: The 1920s

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter revisits Adkins and considers the feud over protective laws that arose in the women's movement in the 1920s. The clash between friends and foes of the Equal Rights Amendment—and over the ... More


After Suffrage: An Uncharted Path

Maurine Beasley

in Front Pages, Front Lines: Media and the Fight for Women's Suffrage

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780252043109
eISBN:
9780252051982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043109.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

After gaining the vote in 1920, suffragists faced a new quandary—to attempt to enter the existing male power structure or focus on the broader cause of advancing women by upholding traditional ... More


Defining Equality: Fairness and Feminism

Anya Jabour

in Sophonisba Breckinridge: Championing Women's Activism in Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042676
eISBN:
9780252051524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042676.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 6 explores the “equality versus difference” debate--a defining feature of feminism in modern America--through the lens of Breckinridge’s work in both the national suffrage organization, the ... More


The Potential and Pitfalls of Pan-American Feminism

Anya Jabour

in Sophonisba Breckinridge: Championing Women's Activism in Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042676
eISBN:
9780252051524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042676.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 8 follows Breckinridge to the Seventh Pan-American Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay, where she and other women activists in both the United States and Latin America vigorously debated the ... More


No One Home to Answer the Phone

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter looks at the growth of suburban feminism as a means to consider the persistence of certain elements of suburban liberal activism and ideology in a changed political and economic climate. ... More


GETTING SUFFRAGE IN AN AGE OF EMPIRE: The Philippines and Puerto Rico, 1914–1929

Allison L. Sneider

in Suffragists in an Imperial Age: U.S. Expansion and the Woman Question, 1870–1929

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195321166
eISBN:
9780199869725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321166.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

During the 1910s suffragists followed closely the congressional debates over political independence for men in the Philippines and Puerto Rico and were intent on juxtaposing national legislation that ... More


The Grassroots Campaign to Save the Family

Daniel K. Williams

in God's Own Party: The Making of the Christian Right

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195340846
eISBN:
9780199867141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340846.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Even without encouragement from Republican politicians, Christian activists in the mid-1970s launched campaigns against cultural liberalism, uniting evangelicals with conservative Catholics and ... More


The Battle over the ERA

Erin M. Kempker

in Big Sister: Feminism, Conservatism, and Conspiracy in the Heartland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252041976
eISBN:
9780252050701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041976.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Chapter 3 zeros in on Indiana to investigate how conservativism infused with one-world conspiracism developed there and affected feminist goals like the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Feminism was ... More


Left Feminism, 1947–1964

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite the perception that the national women's movement was moribund, a promising Left Feminist movement was emerging when World War II ended. Cunningham was a leader of this movement in Texas, ... More


Launching the Equal Rights Movement

Hugh Davis

in We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing Less: The African American Struggle for Equal Rights in the North during Reconstruction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450099
eISBN:
9780801463648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450099.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the factors that motivated northern African Americans to launch the equal rights movement and establish the National Equal Rights League (NERL) late in the Civil War. It also ... More


Prejudice, Protest, and Politics “When principle and prejudice come into collision”

Linda O. McMurry

in To Keep the Waters Troubled: The Life of Ida B. Wells

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139273
eISBN:
9780199848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139273.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Wells-Barnett's fight against racism in American popular culture. Her leadership in the Negro Fellowship League (NFL) ensured that protest and politics would not be ignored. ... More


Gender Equality

Serena Mayeri, Ryan Brown, Nathaniel Persily, and Son Ho Kim

in Public Opinion and Constitutional Controversy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195329414
eISBN:
9780199851720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329414.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The last four decades have seen significant changes in women's economic and political participation and in the degree to which gender definitively restricts women's opportunities in the workplace and ... More


Liberal Feminism and the Reshaping of the New Deal Order

Susan M. Hartmann

in Making Sense of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036866
eISBN:
9780252093982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036866.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter addresses the view that liberals have failed to marry the demands of identity- and class-based politics. It argues that in the 1970s, liberals built a powerful alliance between feminists ... More


The Great Feminist Battle of Montevideo

Katherine M. Marino

in Feminism for the Americas: The Making of an International Human Rights Movement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649696
eISBN:
9781469649719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649696.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

The chapter explores how tensions over Doris Stevens’s leadership exploded at the 1933 Seventh International Conference of American States in Montevideo, where Bertha Lutz launched serious challenges ... More


Madeline McDowell Breckinridge and the Battle for a New South

Melba Porter Hay

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125329
eISBN:
9780813135236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125329.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Preeminent Kentucky reformer and women's rights advocate Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (1872–1920) was at the forefront of social change during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... More


Politics and the Patriarchal Order

Taylor G. Petrey

in Tabernacles of Clay: Sexuality and Gender in Modern Mormonism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469656229
eISBN:
9781469656243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656229.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores how Mormons engaged with the politicization of gender roles in its anti-feminist crusade against the Equal Rights Amendment and its anti-homosexuality efforts in sodomy laws. ... More


“Everybody’s Libber”: The Laundry Workers’ Postwar Civil Rights Unionism

Matter Carson

in A Matter of Moral Justice: Black Women Laundry Workers and the Fight for Justice

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780252043901
eISBN:
9780252052804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043901.003.0011
Subject:
History, African-American History

The immediate postwar years saw significant turmoil in the Laundry Workers Joint Board, the result of competitive pressures in the industry, an employer offensive (evidence that in the laundries a ... More


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