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Modeling Biological Systems

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is devoted to one of the main applications of artificial chemistries, the modeling of biological systems. The chapter starts at the molecular level, with algorithms that model RNA and ... More


Composites

James E. Mark, Dale W. Schaefer, and Gui Lin

in The Polysiloxanes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195181739
eISBN:
9780197562321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195181739.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

A relatively new area that involves silicon-containing materials is the synthesis of “ultrastructure” materials (i.e., materials in which structure can be controlled ... More


Food for Thought: Enzyme Action

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0034
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Nature makes use of the tools that I have been developing, and does so in the most extraordinary and subtle manner. After all, she has had about four billion years to come up with solutions to ... More


Temperature and reaction rate

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All other things being equal, physiological reaction rate increases roughly exponentially with temperature. Organisms that have adapted over evolutionary time to live at different temperatures can ... More


Cellular basis of intelligent behaviour

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Cellular proteins have a broad range of functions that provide a springboard for understanding how cells express intelligent behaviour. The major proteins and processes in signal transduction have ... More


Polyphosphazenes

James E. Mark, Harry R. Allcock, and Robert West

in Inorganic Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131192
eISBN:
9780197561454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131192.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

Polyphosphazenes comprise by far the largest class of inorganic macromolecules. At least 700 different polymers of this type have been synthesized, with a range of physical and chemical properties ... More


Encrypted Genes and Their Assembly in Ciliates

David M. Prescott and Grzegorz Rozenberg

in Cellular Computing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195155396
eISBN:
9780197561942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195155396.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Maintenance of normal cell function and structure requires some level of stability of the cell’s DNA—at least the DNA that makes up the genes of the cell. In most eukaryotes most of the DNA in the ... More


Surfaces

James E. Mark, Dale W. Schaefer, and Gui Lin

in The Polysiloxanes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195181739
eISBN:
9780197562321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195181739.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

Because of the great importance of the surface properties of the polysiloxanes, this topic is treated separately in this chapter. Hydrophobic polysiloxanes having simple aliphatic or aromatic side ... More


Genetic Process Engineering

Ron Weiss and Thomas F. ,Jr., Knight

in Cellular Computing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195155396
eISBN:
9780197561942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195155396.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In this chapter we present an engineering discipline to obtain complex, predictable, and reliable cell behaviors by embedding biochemical logic circuits and programmed intercellular communications ... More


Composites

James E. Mark, Dale W. Schaefer, and Gui Lin

in The Polysiloxanes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195181739
eISBN:
9780197562321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195181739.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

A relatively new area that involves silicon-containing materials is the synthesis of “ultrastructure” materials (i.e., materials in which structure can be controlled at the level of 100 Å). ... More


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