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Energy in Thermal Physics

Daniel V. Schroeder

in An Introduction to Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780192895547
eISBN:
9780191915000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895547.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The behavior of energy in bulk-matter systems is subtle. We observe that energy flows spontaneously from high to low temperature; we refer to this flowing energy as heat; and we distinguish heat from ... More


Energy and heat

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Energy is the capacity to do work and heat is the spontaneous flow of energy from one body or system to another through the random movement of atoms or molecules. The entropy of a system determines ... More


Temperature and reaction rate

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All other things being equal, physiological reaction rate increases roughly exponentially with temperature. Organisms that have adapted over evolutionary time to live at different temperatures can ... More


Quantum Mechanical Ensemble Averages and Statistical Thermodynamics

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 6 introduces quantum-mechanical ensemble theory by proving the asymptotic equivalence of the quantum-mechanical, microcanonical ensemble average with the quantum grand canonical ensemble ... More


Peierls–Nabarro Model Of Dislocations

Vasily Bulatov and Wei Cai

in Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198526148
eISBN:
9780191916618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198526148.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Chapter 1 introduced dislocations as dual objects permitting both atomistic and continuum descriptions. The subsequent Chapters 2 through 7 discussed various aspects of atomistic simulations and ... More


The State of Matter Near the Interface

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

A thermodynamic phase specifies a substance or mixture of substances that occupies a limited volume with a characteristic temperature, T, a definite pressure, p, at its boundary, and a composition ... More


Chemical Potential

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The purpose of the first chapter was to give an overview of the book’s contents: the topics covered, results gained, limitations, and so on. The next seven chapters, starting with this one, give ... More


Deformation and Diffusion Compared

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The suggestion in view is that when volume is lost by diffusive mass transfer, the consequent shortening rate along some direction n is controlled by ∇2σnn regardless of the spatial variations in ... More


Summary

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The purpose of this chapter is to consolidate. No new ideas are introduced; instead we try to sort the main thread from the side issues, and the parts that are reasonably clear and firm from the ... More


Thermochemistry

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198867784
eISBN:
9780191904509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867784.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

Thermochemistry explores the basic principles of energy changes in chemical reactions. Calorimetry is described as a tool to measure the quantity of heat involved in a chemical or physical change. ... More


Chemical Thermodynamics

Christopher O. Oriakhi

in Chemistry in Quantitative Language: Fundamentals of General Chemistry Calculations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198867784
eISBN:
9780191904509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867784.003.0021
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

Chemical Thermodynamics discusses the fundamental laws of thermodynamics along with their relationships to heat, work, enthalpy, entropy, and temperature. Predicting the direction of a spontaneous ... More


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