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Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Nicholas Agar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The transformative potential of genetic and cybernetic technologies to enhance human capabilities is most often either rejected on moral and prudential grounds or hailed as the future salvation of ... More


The War on Terror

Ben Herzog

in Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780814760383
eISBN:
9780814770962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760383.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In practice, the United States has abandoned the ideal of undivided national membership. Although every administration through the present has officially opposed dual citizenship, millions of ... More


Human dignity and the classification of welfare states

Chak Kwan and Graham Bowpitt

in Human dignity and welfare systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344311
eISBN:
9781447302551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344311.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter considers the two issues that have emerged from studying the dignity of unemployed persons in Sweden, China, the UK, and Hong Kong. The first issue is the application of human dignity to ... More


Response to and reflections on chapters 3–18

John Harris

in From reason to practice in bioethics: An anthology dedicated to the works of John Harris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096235
eISBN:
9781781708392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096235.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

I talked in my essay at the beginning of this volume about my own efforts at self-improvement, a form of human enhancement which is not often discussed in the vast current literature on enhancement. ... More


The Role of Features in Phonological Inventories

G. N. Clements

in Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182706
eISBN:
9780262255325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182706.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

In phonology, speech sound systems are structured in terms of recurrent elementary components known as features. On the basis of features, there are two general approaches to phonological ... More


8 The War on Terror

Ben Herzog

in Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780814760383
eISBN:
9780814770962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760383.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In practice, the United States has abandoned the ideal of undivided national membership. Although every administration through the present has officially opposed dual citizenship, millions of ... More


Commentary: Some Remarks on Moral Bioenhancement

Masahiro Morioka

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral bioenhancement is an enhancement of morality by genetic or other biological means. These include pharmacological means as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep-brain stimulation, ... More


Commentary: Therapy, Enhancement, and Eugenics

D. Gareth Jones

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Enhancement encompasses many procedures, but frequently one does not know what counts as therapy, and therefore are unclear when one is moving into enhancement. To address this issue the role of ... More


Primary Topic Article: The Misguided Quest for the Ethics of Enhancement

Thomas Murray

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The question is never whether taking a performance-enhancing drug is justified or not; rather, the question is whether it supports or undermines what we value in that particular sphere. In surgery, ... More


Commentary: Arguments for and against Enhancement in Sports

Renzong Qiu

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this essay, the author presents an analysis of the concept of enhancement, discussing whether the line between treatment and enhancement has moral import. Following this, the author briefly ... More


Commentary: What We Can—and Cannot—Learn about the Ethics of Enhancement by Thinking about Sport

Robert Sparrow

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this response to Tom Murray’s paper, “The misguided quest for the ethics of enhancement”, the author argues that Murray’s focus on the ethics of enhancement in sport serves him well in ... More


Teaching Marriage to Single Mothers and Inmates

Melanie Heath

in One Marriage Under God: The Campaign to Promote Marriage in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737125
eISBN:
9780814744901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737125.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter focuses on the small number of marriage workshops directed both at poor single mothers in conjunction with receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) benefits and at the ... More


Downsizing, Financial Crisis, and the Challenge for Postal Labor, 2000–2019

Philip F. Rubio

in Undelivered: From the Great Postal Strike of 1970 to the Manufactured Crisis of the U.S. Postal Service

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655468
eISBN:
9781469655482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655468.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Eight discusses the damage done by the 2006 Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act (PAEA) leading to the 2009 financial crisis of the USPS, and concludes by examining connections between ... More


Phoneme inventories

Matthew K. Gordon

in Phonological Typology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199669004
eISBN:
9780191821745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669004.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter provides an overview of the cross-linguistic distribution of phoneme inventories drawing on various typological databases. Results of a survey of phoneme frequency data within 34 ... More


The Ethics of Human Enhancement: An Overview and Framework

Janice H. Laurence and Joshua A. Carlisle

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter raises some ethical considerations and highlights the debate regarding the burgeoning field of human enhancement (HE) and performance optimization. The topic of human enhancement is ... More


The Future of Cuba’s Non-Sugar Agricultural Sector

Mario A. González-Corzo and Armando Nova-González

in The Cuba-U.S. Bilateral Relationship: New Pathways and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190687366
eISBN:
9780190687397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687366.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

Despite a dramatic growth in agricultural trade between the United States and Cuba, trade between these two states has been “one-way trade,” primarily due to U.S. economic sanctions. A new scenario ... More


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