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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


The Rise and Fall of LEAA

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A major federal anticrime agency had its roots in an Office of Law Enforcement Assistance established in the presidency of Lyndon Johnson. The agency was enacted into law in a wide‐ranging crime law ... More


A Cop on Every Corner?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Before the 1960s crime wave, American police officers were little trained and spent much of their time responding to citizen calls about crime. A Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP) in the 1970s ... More


Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland: A new architecture of regulatory enforcement

Joe McGrath

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719090660
eISBN:
9781781708378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090660.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This is the first definitive examination of the practice of corporate regulation and enforcement from the foundation of the Irish State to the present day. It analyses the transition in Ireland from ... More


Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Mitch Earleywine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Marijuana is the world's most popular illicit drug, with hundreds of millions of regular users worldwide. One in three Americans has smoked pot at least once. The Drug Enforcement Agency estimates ... More


Enforcement of Uncontested Claims

Eva Storskrubb

in Civil Procedure and EU Law: A Policy Area Uncovered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533176
eISBN:
9780191714504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533176.003.0009
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter analyses the legislative history, main substantive content, and normative implications of Regulation (EC) No 805/2004 creating a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims. The ... More


Historical Themes and Developments at FDA Over the Past Fifty Years

Peter Barton Hutt

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter provides an overview of FDA’s history as a regulatory institution that now touches products comprising twenty-five cents out of every dollar spent by U.S. consumers, outlining agency ... More


Recalibrating Enforcement in the Biomedical Industry: Deterrence and the Primacy of Protecting the Public Health

Patrick O’Leary

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The federal government's approach to enforcement in the biomedical industry—emphasizing massive fines and restrictive corporate integrity agreements—has proven ineffective as a deterrent to ... More


Conclusion

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter assimilates the book’s contributions by revisiting the tax phenomena presented in Chapter1 and showing how they are illuminated by a tax-systems perspective. One conclusion is that for ... More


The Ku-Klux in the National Press

Elaine Frantz Parsons

in Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625423
eISBN:
9781469625447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625423.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Northern newspapers used the Klan to talk about the nature of citizenship, the expansion of the state, and their anxieties that the individual was subject to manipulation by an increasingly robust ... More


Scapegoats in the Sun

Dale Maharidge

in Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262478
eISBN:
9780520948792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262478.003.0022
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

May 12, 2009, began typically for Leopoldo Arteaga, owner of Mesa Groundskeeper, a landscaping company in a suburb of Phoenix, this chapter states. At six a.m., Leo, in his mid-sixties and a worker, ... More


Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Daniela Donno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Although nearly every country in the world today holds multiparty elections, these contests are often blatantly unfair. Governments that engage in electoral misconduct may reap the benefits of higher ... More


L.A.’s Past, America’s Future?: The 2006 Immigrant Rights Protests and Their Antecedents

Ruth Milkman

in Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267541
eISBN:
9780520948914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267541.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The aftereffects of the massive immigrant rights marches of spring 2006 are evident on multiple fronts. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) dramatically stepped up its workplace raids and ... More


Cellular Surveillance and the Law

Stephen B. Wicker

in Cellular Convergence and the Death of Privacy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199915354
eISBN:
9780199366736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915354.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the legal protections provided to the user by the U.S. Constitution and recent legislation. It discusses the evolution of Fourth Amendment protection, with an emphasis on the ... More


Institutions and the Stability of Cooperative Arrangements under Scarcity and Variability

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

in International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the role of institutions in facilitating treaty effectiveness. It discusses the importance of international agreements in promoting and sustaining cooperation. It considers ... More


Introduction

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The majority of elections held around the world today are marked by systematic government interference and manipulation. But what consequences do governments face for engaging in electoral ... More


Norm Enforcement and Democratic Change

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Do international actors enforce democratic norms in countries that hold flawed elections? Do their efforts make a difference? This chapter develops the theory of the causes and effects of norm ... More


Posted Work and Transnational Workspaces in Germany

Ines Wagner

in Workers without Borders: Posted Work and Precarity in the EU

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501729157
eISBN:
9781501729171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501729157.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Chapter 2 shows how transnational regulation and de-territorialization impact employment relations in the German construction and the meat slaughtering industries. The aim of this chapter is to ... More


Prosecutorial Discretion: A Mechanism for Balancing Competing Goals

Marjorie S. Zatz and Nancy Rodriguez

in Dreams and Nightmares: Immigration Policy, Youth, and Families

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520283053
eISBN:
9780520958890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283053.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter untangles the tensions leading to, and at times undermining, the use of prosecutorial discretion in immigration enforcement. In response to the mounting immigration crisis and in the ... More


Latina/o Immigration before 1965: Mexicans and Puerto Ricans in Postwar Chicago

Lilia Fernández

in The Latina/o Midwest Reader

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041211
eISBN:
9780252099809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041211.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This essay examines the migration of Mexican immigrants, Mexican Americans, and Puerto Ricans to Chicago in the 1940s and 1950s, long before the more widely recognized post-1965 immigration to the ... More


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