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Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to AD 2000

Ian Simmons

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621583
eISBN:
9780748670765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621583.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the last 12,000 years, human societies have moved through phases of forager, agricultural, industrial and ‘post-industrial’ economies. Each of these has been affected by the natural world and in ... More


Biosphere and Ecosystems

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of ecology to characterize the biosphere of the earth, its ecosystems and their components of biotic and abiotic environment. It describes the ... More


Species Diversity and Ecosystem Processes in Water-Limited Systems

Moshe Shachak and Steward T.A. Pickett

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

There are many relationships between ecosystem properties and species (Jones and Lawton, 1995) with the potential links described by five hypotheses: 1. ... More


Trophic Structure and Nutrient Dynamics of the Belowground Food Web within the Rhizosphere of the Shortgrass Steppe

John C. Moore and Jill Sipes

in Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe: A Long-Term Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135824
eISBN:
9780197561638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135824.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Belowground organisms are key components of the trophic structure and they mediate the dynamics of nutrients of all terrestrial ecosystems. The ... More


Elastic Waves in Anisotropic Media

Dale Chimenti, Stanislav Rokhlin, and Peter Nagy

in Physical Ultrasonics of Composites

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195079609
eISBN:
9780197560389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195079609.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry

In this chapter, we provide a brief introduction to ultrasonic wave propagation in unbounded anisotropic solids with emphases on examples suitable for ultrasonics of ... More


How Can High Animal Diversity Be Supported in Low-Productivity Deserts?: The Role of Macrodetritivory and Habitat Physiognomy

Gary A. Polis and Yael Lubin

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

On large spatial scales, species diversity is typically correlated positively with productivity or energy supply (Wright et al. 1993, Huston 1994, Waide et ... More


Acoustic waves I

Robert E. Newnham

in Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198520757
eISBN:
9780191916601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198520757.003.0025
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

In this chapter we treat plane waves specified by a wave normal and a particle motion vector . Two types of waves, longitudinal waves and shear waves, are observed in ... More


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