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The Demise of Reductionism in Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the widespread assumptions that intertheoretic reductions are common in the natural sciences and that reducibility serves as a kind of normative constraint upon the legitimacy ... More


God and Other Spirits: Intimations of Transcendence in Christian Experience

Phillip Wiebe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195140125
eISBN:
9780199835492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140125.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book advances three central propositions: (a) Claims about what is real, including a transcendent reality, if it exists, cannot be achieved by short, snappy proofs, but by the hard work of ... More


 Two Truisms

Anil Gupta

in Empiricism and Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195189582
eISBN:
9780199868452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189582.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses the problem: what is the contribution of experience to knowledge? It argues that the problem is best appreciated by reflection on two commonplace ideas about experience and ... More


The Autonomy of Pleasure: "Libertines, License, and Sexual Revolution"

James A. Steintrager

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231151580
eISBN:
9780231540872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151580.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

What would happen if pleasure were made the organizing principle for social relations and sexual pleasure ruled over all? Radical French libertines experimented clandestinely with this idea during ... More


Quine on Doing Without Meaning

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Quine's ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’ and ‘The Problem of Meaning in Linguistics’ treated meaning in a sceptical, dismissive fashion, in very much the same way that analytic philosophers themselves had ... More


In Defence of a Dogma

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In his article ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’, Professor Quine advances a number of criticisms of the supposed distinction between analytic and synthetic statements, and of other associated notions. It ... More


Empiricism and Means of Verification

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Looks at the Buddhist argument that both science and Buddhism emphasize the empirical verification of theories, and explains why this rhetoric would have been appealing to Chinese Buddhists in the ... More


Steps Towards an Ecology of Experience: Empiricism, Pragmatism and George Eliot’s The Spanish Gypsy

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Chapter 4 makes the case that the work of Eliot and Lewes exemplifies a pragmatist understanding of knowledge that is centred on the idea of “experience as experiment” (Jay) or “experience as a ... More


Locke on Knowledge and Reality: A Commentary on An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Georges Dicker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190662196
eISBN:
9780190662233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is essentially a commentary on John Locke’s masterwork, his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which is the foundational work of classical Empiricism. It aims to be accessible to ... More


Foundations: Epistemology 1

Paul Shaffer

in Q-Squared: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199676903
eISBN:
9780191756269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676903.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter links defining characteristics of the consumption and dialogical poverty approaches to the epistemological traditions of Empiricism and hermeneutics, or critical hermeneutics, ... More


James: Toward a Field-Self

Eugene Fontinell

in Self, God and Immortality: A Jamesian Investigation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823220700
eISBN:
9780823284863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823220700.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter explores how William James' doctrine of the self seemed to have developed through three stages. Beginning with a methodological dualism in his Principles of Psychology, James apparently ... More


The exceptional and the ordinary

Thomas Docherty

in The new treason of the intellectuals: Can the University survive?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526132741
eISBN:
9781526138965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526132741.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

The contemporary institution fails to understand the real meaning of ‘mass higher education’. A mass higher education should address the concerns of those masses of ‘ordinary people’ who, for ... More


David Hume

Jon Roffe

in Deleuze's Philosophical Lineage

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632992
eISBN:
9780748652570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632992.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the influence of David Hume on the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. It discusses the central tenets of Deleuze's Empiricism and Subjectivity and evaluates the extent to which this ... More


A Human Rat Hole

Krister Dylan Knapp

in William James: Psychical Research and the Challenge of Modernity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631240
eISBN:
9781469631264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631240.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Chapter four examines James's role as an investigator of physical mediums purporting to levitate tables and materialize ghostly forms of the deceased, and recounts the instances when he revealed ... More


The Future of Sympathy I:: The Poetry of the World

Seth Lobis

in Virtue of Sympathy: Magic, Philosophy, and Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300192032
eISBN:
9780300210415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300192032.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the complex legacy of Shaftesburianism and reveals the enduring vitality of natural and magical conceptions of sympathy through the first half of the eighteenth century. In so ... More


The Philosophical Enquiry, theories of the sublime and the sister arts tradition

Hélène Ibata

in The challenge of the sublime: From Burke's Philosophical Enquiry to British Romantic art

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526117397
eISBN:
9781526136114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526117397.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Art History

This first chapter emphasises what Burke’s Enquiry owes to the existing discourse on the sublime (to Longinus and Addison in particular), in order to highlight its innovations, more specifically its ... More


Kant's Anatomy of the Intelligent Mind

Wayne Waxman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328314
eISBN:
9780199369348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328314.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In a 2005 editorial in the British newspaper The Guardian, Kant was declared “the undefeated heavyweight philosophy champion of the world” because he had the “great insight . . . to remove psychology ... More


. Empiricism, the Ethical Subject and the Ethics of Hospitality

Dave Boothroyd

in Ethical Subjects in Contemporary Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748640096
eISBN:
9780748693795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640096.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a philosophical analysis of Levinas's account of the empiricism of the ethical Subject, comparing the ‘radical empiricisms of both Levinas and Deleuze. It develops its argument ... More


Empiricism and the Imperilled Self

Kate Hext

in Walter Pater: Individualism and Aesthetic Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748646258
eISBN:
9780748693849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646258.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses how Pater comes to terms with the relationship between self and world set out by David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature (1739-40) and John Locke's Essay Concerning Human ... More


Boutroux’s Alternative: An Ontology of the Fact

Tyler Tritten

in The Contingency of Necessity: Reason and God as Matters of Fact

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474428194
eISBN:
9781474438643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474428194.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Boutroux, approximately 150 years prior to Meillassoux, already argued for the contingency of laws of nature, as well as truths of logic and mathematics. Boutroux, however, does not espouse ... More


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