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Sages and Philosophers

Yulia Ustinova

in Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind: Descending Underground in the Search for Ultimate Truth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548569
eISBN:
9780191720840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548569.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In the limited data on the Presocratic philosophers, caves and descent into underground chambers appear with remarkable consistency. Prolonged sleep in Zeus' cave on Crete enlightened Epimenides with ... More


Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

John Palmer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, ... More


Matthew Arnold

Paul Turner

in Victorian Poetry, Drama and Miscellaneous Prose 1832–1890

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122395
eISBN:
9780191671401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122395.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Matthew Arnold liked looking down at things from a height. While at Rugby, he wrote a Latin poem about climbing in search of knowledge. The Strayed Reveller presents two panoramic views of human ... More


Empedocles' Element Theory and Parmenides

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After an initial orientation to Empedocles' physical theory that emphasizes the centrality of the principles of cyclical and reciprocal change, the chapter critiques the claims involved in ... More


Parmenides' Place in Presocratic Philosophy

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After providing a retrospective summation of the modal interpretation of Parmenides developed in Chapters 2 tohrough 4, this concluding chapter reconsiders in light of these results his relation to ... More


Empedokles

David Constantine

in Hölderlin

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198157885
eISBN:
9780191673238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198157885.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Poetry

Friedrich Hölderlin worked on Empedokles throughout his time in Homburg; it is very much a work of that intensely reflective and ambitious period. However the play was conceived in Frankfurt, in ... More


Teleological Dialectic

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle articulates his natural teleology in the context of a dialectical engagement with his predecessors, identifying each of them with a salient causal factor: Empedocles (luck or chance), ... More


The Presocratics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson considers the contributions to the explanation of nature of each of the major Presocratic figures. Following a brief sketch of the cosmogonies of Homer and Hesiod, ... More


Close Encounter of the Philosophical Kind

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

It’s an imaginative encounter between the modern physicist and the ancient natural philosophers, during a beautiful hot summer day, where the physicist takes a first glance at their rational views of ... More


The Pre-Platonic Philosophers

Filippo Del Lucchese

in Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474456203
eISBN:
9781474476935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456203.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Empedocles’s idea of monstrosity in the early generation of life, when the earth spontaneously produces all sort of monstrous beings, only some of which will survive and ... More


Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Metaphysics A 7–A 8 989a18

Stephen Menn

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 7 Aristotle draws some conclusions from the survey of earlier philosophers' views in A3-6. He is interested, not so much in what archai they believed in, or in what kinds of causes they ... More


Second thoughts on some Presocratics Second thoughts on some Presocratics Metaphysics A 8, 989a18–990a32

Oliver Primavesi

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter A 8, Aristotle looks once more into the theories of Empedocles, Anaxagoras and the so-called Pythagoreans, this time in order to evaluate their views on principles for his own search for ... More


Conclusion – and Retrospect Conclusion – and Retrospect Metaphysicsc A 10

John M. Cooper

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first part of the chapter translates and discusses, section by section, Metaphysics Α 10. The second part rveiews in retrospect Aristotle's intentions in Metaphysics Α as a whole, and the ... More


Earth, Air, Fire, and Water

Nicholas Mee

in Celestial Tapestry: The Warp and Weft of Art and Mathematics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851950
eISBN:
9780191886690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851950.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The idea that matter is composed of four fundamental elements—Earth, Air, Fire, and Water—dates back to the Greek philosopher Empedocles. This idea was enormously influential. It was adapted to ... More


Empedocles

David Sedley

in Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253643
eISBN:
9780520934368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

When considering Empedocles it is critical not to assume that religion and science were regarded as mutually exclusive modes of thought. Empedocles, as a Sicilian poet, healer, and wonder-worker, ... More


The Chemistry of Love and Strife

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Empedocles managed to reconcile the antinomies between the Heraclitean becoming (the constant change) and the Parmenidean Being (the constancy) by introducing four unchangeable primary substances of ... More


Voices of Authority

Maria Michela Sassi

in The Beginnings of Philosophy in Greece

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691180502
eISBN:
9781400889761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180502.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines how Greek authors placed their activity within a recognized literary tradition, that of epic poetry, in order to give authority to their message. It first explains how a certain ... More


Poetic Justice

Emma Gee

in Aratus and the Astronomical Tradition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199781683
eISBN:
9780199345151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781683.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter starts with the most accessible part of Aratus’ poem, the story of Dike (Justice). Hesiod’s Works and Days has long been recognised as a key text behind this part of the Phaenomena, but ... More


Lucretius and Ovid on Empedoclean Cows and Sheep

Myrto Garani

in Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199605408
eISBN:
9780191750595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605408.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter constructs Lucretius as the intermediary between Empedocles and later Latin poetry, especially Ovid. It is concentrated on the festival of the Agonalia, in Ovid's Fasti 1, in which it is ... More


Harmonia and ṛtá

Aditi Chaturvedi

in Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474410991
eISBN:
9781474426695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Greek harmonia and Sanskrit rta, both meaning cosmological principles of order, both derive from an Indo-European root meaning to fit or arrange. The similarity of harmonia and rta is explored in ... More


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