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Trying to Catch up with the Executive Board: Regulatory Decision-Making and its Impact on CDM Performance

Krey Matthias and Santen Heike

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter highlights some of the main reasons for uncertainty regarding the Clean Development Mechanism's (CDM) project performance, to assess the complaints brought forward, and to summarize ... More


The Secondary Market for Emissions Trading: Balancing Market Design and Market Based Transaction Norms

Andrew Hedges

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is a leading example of how to strike a balance between the necessity for a sufficiently certain market design to underpin its growth and the critically ... More


US and EU Laws and Policies Compared

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The disparities—both perceived and real—between US and EU responses to climate change play a central role in defining the political parameters of on-going negotiations over a post-Kyoto agreement. ... More


Conclusions and the Way Forward

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The pathways and the perils evident in US and EU climate policy are microcosms of larger international efforts to address climate change. The pushes, pulls, successes, and failures of transatlantic ... More


Tradable Emissions Permits with Offsets

Nathan Braun, Timothy Fitzgerald, and Jason Pearcy

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the existing theory of tradable emissions permit markets to allow for tradable permits and offsets. Offsets are currently incorporated into the EU ETS, and in the future similar ... More


Fire and Air Resources

Suraj Ahuja

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses smoke and air quality concerns. Awareness of air quality regulations, smoke production, transport, and effects from prescribed and wildland fires will enable land managers to ... More


The Influence of Permit-Price Uncertainty and Lobbying on Energy Investments

Philipp Hieronymi and David Schüller

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this model an investor can choose between replacing a pre-determined generation capacity by investing into wind or gas power. He also has the option to lobby in order to increase the profitability ... More


Heating Up and Cooling Down the Petrostate: The Norwegian Experience

Helge Ryggvik and Berit Kristoffersen

in Ending the Fossil Fuel Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028806
eISBN:
9780262327077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028806.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

In this chapter Helge Ryggvik and Berit Kristoffersen argue that even if Norway avoided the classic symptoms of the oil curse, it nonetheless has been deeply affected, first by the sheer wealth, then ... More


The Clean Development Mechanism, Stochastic Permit Prices, and Energy Investments

Philipp Hieronymi and David Schüller

in Political Economy and Instruments of Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029247
eISBN:
9780262329736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029247.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact that the simultaneous availability of two permit classes with differing price developments has on an energy investor. We consider permits that are ... More


PV Modeling of Medical Imaging Systems

John Chiverton and Kevin Wells

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter applies a Bayesian formulation of the Partial Volume (PV) effect, based on the Benford distribution, to the statistical classification of nuclear medicine imaging data: specifically ... More


Evolution of a Thermal Disturbance

R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung

in Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195051346
eISBN:
9780197560976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195051346.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

The thermodynamic equation for an ideal gas is where ρcv6 is the internal energy per unit volume and hR is the radiative heating rate. For the sake of clarity we omit diabatic terms additional to ... More


Introduction

R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung

in Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195051346
eISBN:
9780197560976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195051346.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Earth, like the other inner planets, receives virtually all of its energy from space in the form of solar electromagnetic radiation. Its total heat content does not vary significantly with time, ... More


Theory of Radiative Transfer

R. M. Goody and Y. L. Yung

in Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195051346
eISBN:
9780197560976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195051346.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

In common with astrophysical usage the word intensity will denote specific intensity of radiation, i.e., the flux of energy in a given direction per second per unit frequency (or wavelength) range ... More


Electromagnetic-matter interactions and devices

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter explores electromagnetic-matter interactions from photon to extinction length scales, i.e., nanometer of X-ray and above. Starting with Casimir-Polder effect to understand interactions ... More


International Carbon Finance and the Clean Development Mechanism

Cameron Hepburn

in The Economics and Politics of Climate Change

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199573288
eISBN:
9780191808616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573288.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines international carbon finance and the clean development mechanism (CDM) as important components of the global deal on climate change. It considers two key issues: what mechanisms ... More


From under the Nose

Peter Wothers

in Antimony, Gold, and Jupiter's Wolf: How the elements were named

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652723
eISBN:
9780191918230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652723.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

This chapter looks at the elements in the final group of the periodic table—those elements known as the rare or noble gases. We shall see how their discovery in the atmosphere in the 1890s dates ... More


Exploiting the Potential of Diagrams in Guiding Hardware Reasoning

Kathi D. Fisler

in Logical Reasoning with Diagrams

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104271
eISBN:
9780197560983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195104271.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Formal methods offer much more to computer science than just “proofs of correctness” for programs and digital circuits. Many of the problems in software and hardware design are due to imprecision, ... More


Visual Information and Valid Reasoning

Jon Barwise and John Etchemendy

in Logical Reasoning with Diagrams

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104271
eISBN:
9780197560983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195104271.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Psychologists have long been interested in the relationship between visualization and the mechanisms of human reasoning. Mathematicians have been aware of the value of diagrams and other visual ... More


Operational Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning

Atsushi Shimojima

in Logical Reasoning with Diagrams

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104271
eISBN:
9780197560983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195104271.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Diagrammatic reasoning is reasoning whose task is partially taken over by operations on diagrams. It consists of two kinds of activities: (i) physical operations, such as drawing and erasing lines, ... More


Radiation

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The earth receives virtually all of its energy from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation. This radiation is absorbed, reflected, and scattered by the earth”s surface, the ocean, and the ... More


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