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The French Tradition: 1789 and the Jews

Chad Alan Goldberg

in Modernity and the Jews in Western Social Thought

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226460413
eISBN:
9780226460697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460697.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter investigates the relationship between sociology and antisemitism in France through a case study of French sociology’s central figure: Émile Durkheim. It distinguishes reactionary and ... More


Durkheim

Gianfranco Poggi

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198780878
eISBN:
9780191695391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198780878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents an account of Emile Durkheim's work, focusing on a reassessment of his central ideas and arguments. Durkheim can undoubtedly be considered one of the most significant social ... More


Recovered Goods: Durkheimian Sociology as Virtue Ethics

Philip S. Gorski

in The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814738726
eISBN:
9780814738733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814738726.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines what Émile Durkheim could have meant by his statement that sociology is a “moral science” and whether the project it implied is a defensible one. Durkheim's goal was not only to ... More


Human Nature and Motivation in Classical Theory

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the views of three founding sociological theorists, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, on the matter of human nature and motivations for action. They all held and argued ... More


Organizational Ecology as a Theory of Competition

Nikolaus Beck

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter shows that organizational ecology is much more sociological and less biological than many critics of organizational ecology think. It argues that organizational ecology and its theory of ... More


The Sacred in the Modern World: A Cultural Sociological Approach

Gordon Lynch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199557011
eISBN:
9780191738210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557011.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The central aim of this book is to provide a theoretical framework for using the concept of the sacred as a tool for social and cultural analysis. It differentiates between ontological theories of ... More


Ontological and Durkheimian Theories of the Sacred

Gordon Lynch

in The Sacred in the Modern World: A Cultural Sociological Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199557011
eISBN:
9780191738210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557011.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter introduces the distinction between ontological and cultural sociological theories of the sacred, which respectively understand the sacred to be grounded in the essence of the cosmos or ... More


Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


Church and Culture

Robert Wuthnow

in Christianity in the Twenty-First Century: Reflections on the Challenges Ahead

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096514
eISBN:
9780199853380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096514.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the early years of the 20th century, a prominent French scholar penned the concluding lines to a book he had worked on for nearly fifteen years and sent the manuscript off to be published. That ... More


From Magic to Social Function

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The beginning of professional sociology signaled the end of theories that explained magic as a mental phenomenon of the individual. The crude and often provincial evolutionism to which James Frazer ... More


The Faith in Humanity and International Criminal Law

Immi Tallgren

in International Law and Religion: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805878
eISBN:
9780191843778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805878.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

International criminal law is at times taken to manifest fundamental consensual boundaries against violence and destruction of the human species. The faith in law is celebrated in a cult with ... More


Law, Morality, and Solidarity: The Durkheimian Tradition

Roger Cotterrell

in Law's Community: Legal Theory in Sociological Perspective

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264903
eISBN:
9780191682858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264903.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Emile Durkheim's presently underestimated writings on law are important because of his consistent attempt to find links between law and contemporary rnorality. While his lack of attention to ... More


Scenes of Human Science

in The Scenic Imagination: Originary Thinking from Hobbes to the Present Day

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757003
eISBN:
9780804779586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757003.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835) classified languages into families and developed a general linguistic typology. His major theoretical work on language, Über die Verschiedenheit des menschlichen ... More


A View from a French Sociologist

Dominique Schnapper

in British Sociology Seen from Without and Within

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263426
eISBN:
9780191734298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263426.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The French are not familiar with British sociology. As a first indicator, British sociology is hardly ever translated into French. In Britain, Anthony Giddens is the most cited and the most widely ... More


Coming to Terms with Social Life: Marx, Durkheim, Weber

Kai Erikson

in The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines how three masters of the sociological tradition—Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, and Max Weber—came to terms with social life. Two major themes run throughout Marx's work: the first ... More


Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a summary of the classical sociological solution to the problem of order advanced by Talcott Parsons. The central flaw in the solution is simply that it lacks deliberative ... More


Artificial Populations

Nancy Levene

in Powers of Distinction: On Religion and Modernity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507361
eISBN:
9780226507675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507675.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 3 investigates the work of the eighteenth-century humanist, Giambattista Vico, to conceive a secular history in the distinction of the Hebrews. It begins with two theorists who fought such ... More


In and Out

Jeffrey Burton Russell

in Paradise Mislaid: How We Lost Heaven and How We Can Regain It

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195334586
eISBN:
9780199851423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334586.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Few of the dominant intellectual trends of the twentieth century had any place for heaven. Darwinists, Marxists, Freudians, and almost all leading thinkers dismissed it from their various points of ... More


Creating a ‘Minimum Set of Resemblances’: Normative Interventions for Iso-Ontology

Dipankar Gupta

in LEARNING TO FORGET: The Anti-Memoirs of Modernity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195674330
eISBN:
9780199081820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195674330.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Intersubjectivity characterized by iso-ontology has made significant strides in many western societies. It is argued that when affirmative action draws inspiration from Emile Durkheim and L. T. ... More


Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology

Snait B. Gissis

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines sociology as an emerging discipline in Great Britain and France between the 1850s and the 1890s. It considers the transfer of models, metaphors, and analogies from evolutionary ... More


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