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What Neural Network Models Can and Cannot Explain about Cognition

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

What are neural network models, what kind of cognitive processes can they perform, and what do they teach us about representations and consciousness? First, this chapter explains the functioning of ... More


The origins of photosynthesis: what are the salient characteristics of living systems?

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Organisms that developed independent existence had to rely on external sources of energy and, in plants, photosynthesis was probably the end of an evolutionary process that saw cells free living in ... More


Cooperation and Altruism

David Sloan Wilson

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0023
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

People have always been fascinated by cooperation and altruism in animals, in part to shed light on our own propensity or reluctance to help others. ... More


The emergence of systems thinking in behaviour change: a public health focus

Esther Trenchard-Mabere

in Beyond behaviour change: "Key issues, interdisciplinary approaches and future directions"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447317555
eISBN:
9781447317579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447317555.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Simple or ‘complicated’ systems that display linear, predictable behaviours are contrasted with complex systems characterised by ‘emergent properties’ arising from inter-relationships between parts, ... More


Making (Bio)Logical Connections

Subrata Dasgupta

in The Second Age of Computer Science: From Algol Genes to Neural Nets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

At first blush, computing and biology seem an odd couple, yet they formed a liaison of sorts from the very first years of the electronic digital computer. Following a ... More


One Final Word: Sex

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0039
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Sex transforms life. It affects morphology and behavior. It diverts enormous amounts of time and energy from the business of survival. It can even distract ... More


Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Alvaro Pascual-Leone and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the Harvard neuroscientist, Alvaro Pascual-Leone initially reflects on the importance of ‘unlearning’ and forgetting. He then gives a detailed explanation of, and how he carries ... More


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