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Making a Muslim Messenger Defending the Islamic Legitimacy of Elijah Muhammad

Edward E. Curtis

in Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830543
eISBN:
9781469606088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877449_curtis.6
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores the intellectual defenses of Elijah Muhammad by African American Muslim intellectuals who defended their leader as a genuine Islamic prophet. To defend their leader's ... More


Walk the Way of Free Men: Malcolm X, Displaying the Original Man, and Troubling the Black Press as the Voice of the Race

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets the rise of black radicalism as a moment of competing “voices” across competing mass medias amid rapid changes in the black freedom struggle and media landscape of the ... More


The Major “Islamic” Themes in Elijah Muhammad’s Quranic Commentary

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a more detailed look at Elijah Muhammad's exegetical framework and teachings in light of some major themes in his writings. Elijah Muhammad and his followers may have honored ... More


The Life of Elijah Muhammad

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter sketches the life of Elijah Muhammad, including his life before the Nation of Islam, his tutelage under Fard Muhammad, his struggles to keep the movement alive during years of ... More


Elijah Muhammad, Other Muslims, and Islam

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the mutually suspicious, even hostile, relationship between Elijah Muhammad and many other Muslims, and on the various ways scholars have understood the relationship between ... More


Elijah Muhammad and the Qur’an

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Elijah Muhammad is credited with introducing the Qur'an to most African American Muslims. The earlier Moorish Science Temple's most Islamic feature was the use of the word “Koran” for the scripture ... More


The Legacy of Elijah Muhammad

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter evaluates the Muslim legacy of Elijah Muhammad by examining his two main successors, Warith Deen Mohammed (originally named Wallace D. Muhammad) and Louis Farrakhan. The tension between ... More


Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975

Edward E. Curtis IV

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830543
eISBN:
9781469606088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877449_curtis
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam came to America's attention in the 1960s and 1970s as a radical separatist African American social and political group, but the movement was also a religious one. ... More


American Islam before Elijah Muhammad

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores Islam among African Americans and within America in general prior to Elijah Muhammad. Although Elijah Muhammad's perseverance, his message of anger and hope, and his unique ... More


Introduction

Edward E. Curtis

in Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830543
eISBN:
9781469606088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877449_curtis.4
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

In 1930, Farad Muhammad, a mysterious peddler, told African Americans in Detroit that their true religion was Islam and that their original language was Arabic, stolen from them when they were ... More


A False Father Found: Malvo Meets John Muhammad

Carmeta Albarus and Jonathan H. Mack

in The Making of Lee Boyd Malvo: The D.C. Sniper

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143110
eISBN:
9780231512688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143110.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the first meeting between Lee Boyd Malvo and John Muhammad, his perceived “hero” father figure. It was during the early days of October 2000 that Malvo first encountered John ... More


Introduction

Herbert Berg

in Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to understand Elijah Muhammad as a Muslim, opting for sociological and psychological approaches rather than theological ones. More ... More


Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Herbert Berg

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791134
eISBN:
9780814789971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Elijah Muhammad is arguably the most significant figure in the history of Islam in the United States. Successor to W. D. Fard, the founder of the Nation of Islam, and a mentor to Malcolm X, Elijah ... More


The FBI and the Nation of Islam

Karl Evanzz

in FBI and Religion: Faith and National Security before and after 9/11

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520287273
eISBN:
9780520962422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287273.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the FBI’s repression of the Nation of Islam. The FBI placed several of its own operatives into leading positions in this religious community, forging along the way a unique ... More


Golden UFOs: Ernesto Cardenal and Millennial Ufology

Thomas O Beebee

in Millennial Literatures of the Americas, 1492-2002

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339383
eISBN:
9780199867097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339383.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

American culture is suffused with technological millennialism. While the number of core believers in eugenics, cryonics, uploading of consciousness, and space colonies as postmillennial projects may ... More


Conclusion Becoming Muslim Again

Edward E. Curtis

in Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830543
eISBN:
9781469606088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877449_curtis.10
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

When Elijah Muhammad died of heart failure on February 25, 1975, his son, Wallace D. Muhammad, succeeded him as the new leader of the Nation of Islam (NOI). This conclusion summarizes the dramatic ... More


The Political Meanings of Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam

Edward E. Curtis IV

in Islam after Liberalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190851279
eISBN:
9780190943028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851279.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Known for its radical resistance to white supremacy, US foreign policy, black Christianity and the liberal dream of racial integration, Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam (NOI) was a prime target of ... More


The Nation of Islam and Violence

Martha F. Lee

in Violence and New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735631
eISBN:
9780199894512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735631.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the United States, the African American struggle for identity, freedom, and equality was expressed in a variety of religious and political movements in the twentieth century. This chapter examines ... More


Epilogue: Legacy

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.11
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Garvey movement's direct intellectual legacy with respect to the discourse of black nationalism and the integrationist tendencies of the modern civil rights movement. It ... More


The Promise of Patriarchy: Women and the Nation of Islam

Ula Yvette Taylor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469633930
eISBN:
9781469633954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633930.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The patriarchal structure of the Nation of Islam (NOI) promised black women the prospect of finding a provider and a protector among the organization’s men, who were fiercely committed to these ... More


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