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Ancient Greek Mathematics: A Role for Diagrams

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the ancient Greek tradition of geometrical proof in light of recent studies by Kenneth Manders and others. It advances the view that the borderline of elementary mathematics ... More


War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Christine Byron

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073892
eISBN:
9781781701942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073892.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book provides a critical analysis of the definitions of war crimes and crimes against humanity as construed in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Each crime is discussed from ... More


A Hobbist Plan

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The central thesis of this chapter is that the scope and structure of Hume's Treatise is modeled or planned after that of Hobbes's The Elements of Law and that in this respect there exists an ... More


Leviathan after 350 Years

Tom Sorell and Luc Foisneau (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199264612
eISBN:
9780191718526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264612.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book brings together chapters that discuss Hobbes's masterpiece after three and a half centuries. The contributors address three different themes. The first is the place of Leviathan within ... More


Hobbes and the Classical Theory of Laughter

Quentin Skinner

in Leviathan after 350 Years

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199264612
eISBN:
9780191718526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264612.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Hobbes assured John Aubrey ‘that Aristotle was the worst teacher that ever was, the worst politician and ethick’, but he conceded at the same time that ‘his rhetorique and discourse of animals was ... More


Thomas Hobbes's Theory of Sovereignty, 1640–1647:: Private Judgement, Fear, Covenant

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines Thomas Hobbes's theory of sovereignty, which he developed during the period from 1640 to 1647. It analyses Hobbes's argument during the 1940s and suggests that this theory was ... More


Leviathan and the English Republic, 1649–1653:: Sword, Victory, Conquest

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines Thomas Hobbes's arguments about his theory of sovereignty during the period from 1649 to 1653 and the contents of his Leviathan. Hobbes's idea of sovereignty failed to bring ... More


The Science of Logic

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In his Elements, Euclid first sets down certain primary truths or axioms and then deduces from them a number of secondary truths or theorems. Before ever Euclid wrote, Aristotle had described and ... More


Concepts and Categories: Transcendental Logic and the Metaphysical Deduction

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Kant's systemic conception of the First Critique; the ‘Transcendental Aesthetic’ which is the first main division of the ‘Transcendental Doctrine of Elements’; the second main ... More


Descartes’s Geometry and Pappus’ Problem

Emily R. Grosholz

in Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242505
eISBN:
9780191680502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242505.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The discussion of the Cartesian method begins with the Geometry. This chapter deals with the opening pages of Book I of the Geometry and Descartes's ... More


Mathematics and Metaphysics in Proclus

Dominic J. O'Meara

in Pythagoras Revived: Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198239130
eISBN:
9780191600937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239130.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Proclus's use of geometry in developing a science of metaphysics (called ‘dialectic’ or ‘theology’), in its method and conclusions, is described through a study of his Elements of Theology and of his ... More


Some Basic Conceptions and Their Traditional Relationship to Society: (1967)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter consideris the Yin and the Yang and related notions: how they come to form the basis for many kinds of action, and who traditionally in the population of China was involved in their use. ... More


Grant’s Disengagement from Cold Harbor: June 12–13, 1864

Gordon C. Rhea

in Cold Harbor To the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625331
eISBN:
9781469625355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625331.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Elements of the Army of the Potomac disengaged from Lee at Cold Harbor to cross the James River and approach Petersburg. Gordon C. Rhea’s essay takes a fresh, and somewhat revisionist, look at ... More


Semen, Menses, Blood: Material in Generation

Adriel M. Trott

in Aristotle on the Matter of Form: A Feminist Metaphysics of Generation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474455220
eISBN:
9781474476874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474455220.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter presents the central argument of the book: the material capacities of semen contribute to its capacity to animate menses. The chapter considers how semen’s material produces formal ... More


The Hurricane and Hermetic Geography

Paul Cheshire

in William Gilbert and Esoteric Romanticism: A Contextual Study and Annotated Edition of 'The Hurricane'

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781786941206
eISBN:
9781789629439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941206.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Gilbert’s view of the four continents, Africa, Asia, Europe and America as interactive principles underlying global politics has precedents in the Hermetic/alchemical tradition of the seventeenth ... More


Elements

Donald Phillip Verene

in Vico's "New Science": A Philosophical Commentary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700163
eISBN:
9781501701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Elements section of the New Science. According to Giambattista Vico, the axioms he puts forth in the Elements are intended to give form to the materials presented on the ... More


Introduction

Christine Byron

in War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073892
eISBN:
9781781701942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073892.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to provide a critical analysis of the definitions of war crimes and crimes against humanity as construed in the Rome Statute ... More


Faculty Contracts

Julee T. Flood and Terry L. Leap

in Managing Risk in High-Stakes Faculty Employment Decisions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501728952
eISBN:
9781501728969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501728952.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

The basics of the employment relationship and the job security hierarchy are explained along with the major elements of contract law. Contracts may or may not include only the "four corners" of a ... More


Henry Sidgwick and Beyond

Bart Schultz

in The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Henry Sidgwick's utilitarianism. It first considers Sidgwick's agnosticism before discussing his views on subjects ranging from hedonism and colonialism to poverty, common-sense ... More


Another Adorno

Shannon L. Mariotti

in Adorno and Democracy: The American Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813167336
eISBN:
9780813167411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167336.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter lays out the argument of the book, discusses the largely unexplored English-language compositions it analyzes, and demonstrates its unique contributions to existing ... More


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