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Bell's theorem and its optical tests

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a review of the ideas of locality and realism which provide the basis for the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox. The general conditions defining a local, realistic theory are ... More


Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum theory was developed in response to a welter of new experimental phenomena, yet appeared to depict a world so esoteric as to be literally unimaginable. Interpretation of the theory became ... More


What Econometrics Can Teach Quantum Physics: Causality and the Bell Inequality

Nancy Cartwright

in Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter gives a concrete example of a question of current scientific interest where capacities matter: ‘Do the Bell inequalities describingEinstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) experiments show that ... More


Bell Nonlocality

Valerio Scarani

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198788416
eISBN:
9780191830327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788416.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Nonlocality was discovered by John Bell in 1964, in the context of the debates about quantum theory, but is a phenomenon that can be studied in its own right. Its observation proves that measurements ... More


EPR: When Is a Correlation not a Mystery? 1

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen argument against the completeness of quantum mechanics (‘EPR paradox’) is intimately related to no‐hidden‐variable theorems and to the limited options for interpretation ... More


Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

Jeffrey Bub

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198718536
eISBN:
9780191819643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fascinating discoveries of the new fields of quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography are brought to life in this book in a way that is accessible and interesting to a ... More


The Special Theory of Relativity and the Unreality of the Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the Special Theory of Relativity, there is no such thing as absolute simultaneity, contrary to the view defended in the book. However, this chapter demonstrates that the Special Theory ... More


EPR and Bell Theorem

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The first round of the Einstein–Bohr debates took place when Einstein challenged Bohr’s principle of complementarity at the Solvay conference in 1927 and Bohr successfully defended it. The most ... More


The 1950s: Progress on All Fronts

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the 1950s, John Bell worked at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, at first on the theory of particle accelerators, and he was one of the pioneers of the idea of strong focussing. ... More


Einstein, Bohm, Bell, and the Derivation of Bell’s Inequality: Entanglement and Quantum Non-locality

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

By 1935, the Copenhagen interpretation had become the orthodoxy. Einstein needed to find a situation in which it is possible in principle to acquire knowledge of the state of a quantum system without ... More


Randomness and Complexity

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 7 describes the fundamental role of randomness in quantum mechanics, in generating the first biomolecules, and in biological evolution. Experiments testing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox ... More


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