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## Introduction

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter begins by providing the reader with a background to the historiography of Egyptian mathematics and the problems and possible approaches in the historiography of ancient ... More

## Conclusion: Egyptian Mathematics in Historical Perspective

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0019
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents a comparison between the mathematical techniques of Egypt and Mesopotamia to highlight differences, which prove that mathematics is a cultural activity depending on the culture ... More

## Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

*Annette Imhausen*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This book traces the development of Egyptian mathematics, from the end of the fourth millennium BC—and the earliest hints of writing and number notation—to the end of the pharaonic period in ... More

## Notation of Fractions

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the development of the ancient Egyptian concept of fractions. The beginnings of fractions in ancient Egypt consisted of a small group of specific fractions written by special ... More

## Further Aspects of Mathematics from New Kingdom Sources

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0016
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter proposes the following scenario: mathematics not only played a huge role within the education and work life of a scribe, but it also held an important role within ancient Egyptian ... More

## The Egyptian Number System

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the ancient Egyptian number system. The system can be described in modern terminology as a decimal system without positional (place-value) notation. The basis of the number ... More

## Mathematical Texts (I): The Mathematical Training of Scribes

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses mathematical texts that originated from the Middle Kingdom. While this may well be caused by the vagaries of preservation, it might be that it reflects the actual situation, ... More

## Mathematics in Practice and Beyond

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0012
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the role of mathematics in daily life in the Middle Kingdom. The dominant role of mathematics is displayed not only in a small corpus of so-called mathematical texts, but in ... More

## Summary

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes key discussions in chapters 5 to 7. During the Old Kingdom, experts during served their king in his task of ensuring that life on Earth followed the rules of Maat—the ... More

## Summary

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0017
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes key discussions in chapters 9 to 15. The New Kingdom offers a variety of sources that provide insights into the uses and roles of mathematics at that time. As in previous ... More

## Foundation of Mathematics

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0011
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses arithmetic techniques. At the heart of a mathematical culture that develops mathematical techniques are basic arithmetical operations that allow the numerate scribe to ... More

## Mathematics in Literature

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0015
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In addition to the accounts, evidence for the significance of mathematics for scribal culture also comes from some literary texts, most notably, the Late Egyptian Miscellanies. The Miscellanies are a ... More

## Summary

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes key discussions in chapters 1 to 3. Writing was developed in Egypt at the end of the fourth millennium BCE. Therefore, it is not surprising to find representations of numbers ... More

## Mathematical Texts (II): Tradition, Transmission, Development

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0018
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The Greco-Roman Period is the second time in Egyptian history for which a significant corpus of mathematical texts happens to be extant. They are written in the Egyptian script and language of that ... More

## The Invention of Writing and Number Notation

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the invention of writing and number notation in ancient Egypt. Writing is believed to have been invented in Egypt at the end of the fourth millennium BCE. Among the predynastic ... More

## The Cultural Context of Egyptian Mathematics in the Old Kingdom

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the use of mathematics in the Old Kingdom. A number of sources provide information about the kind of mathematics and its context at that time. At least indirect evidence for ... More

## Metrological Systems

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The development of metrology constituted the foundation of the quantitative control of agricultural resources, which then enabled the cultural achievements of ancient Egypt. Note that while some ... More

## Uses of Numbers and Their Contexts in Predynastic and Early Dynastic Times

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter reviews evidence on the use of the ancient Egyptian number system. There have been only three types of signs used in writing a number: a vertical stroke, a horizontal stroke, and a rope. ... More

## New Kingdom Mathematical Texts: Ostraca Senmut 153 and Turin 57170

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0013
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter considers mathematical texts from the New Kingdom. Almost no mathematical texts from the New Kingdom are extant. So far, only two fragmentary ostraca have been published: Senmut 153 and ... More

## Two Examples of Administrative Texts

*Annette Imhausen*

### in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- January 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691117133
- eISBN:
- 9781400874309
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691117133.003.0014
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents two examples that illustrate basic mathematical concepts used during the New Kingdom: Papyrus Harris I and Papyrus Wilbour. Papyrus Harris I is primarily a political document, ... More

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- full detail