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Jenner's Cowpox Vaccine

in The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the social, political, and institutional frameworks within which Edward Jenner conceived and presented his hypothesis that cowpox virus, Variolae vaccinae, could be used to ... More


The Great Benefactor

in The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216.006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Edward Jenner, who studied the use of cowpox to prevent smallpox. In May 1796 Sarah Nelmes, the daughter of a farmer in the neighbourhood of Berkeley, developed cowpox on her ... More


The Concept of Host and Immunity

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the historical development of the concept of host and immunity. Smallpox is a disease that, until the 20h century, had long been among the greatest of human plagues. In the ... More


The Vaccination Controversy: The Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox

Stanley Williamson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310867
eISBN:
9781846314216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314216
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Smallpox was for several centuries one of the most deadly, most contagious, and most feared of diseases. This book charts the history of one of the most controversial techniques in medical history. ... More


Ambivalent Cosmopolites

Amanda B. Moniz

in From Empire to Humanity: The American Revolution and the Origins of Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190240356
eISBN:
9780190240387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240356.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, British and Irish Early Modern History

Long-standing doubts about universal benevolence came to the fore as the French Revolutionary Wars and the Haitian Revolution destabilized the Atlantic world. Some activists had always contested the ... More


Jenner’s Debt to Sutton

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter assesses whether Edward Jenner would have discovered the protective power of cowpox even if there had been no inoculation before vaccination. In his account of how he made his discovery, ... More


Scabrous Matters: Spurious Vaccinations in the Confederacy

Robert D. Hicks (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

As smallpox spread through the Confederacy, its physicians tried to innoculate the population against the dreaded disease. They created vaccine matter, which are human-made artifacts, by infecting ... More


Cowmania!

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how vaccination was to conquer the world in a very short space of time, despite the fact that the research on which it was based was very limited and, in some vital respects, ... More


Sutton and Jenner: The Legacy

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at how Daniel Sutton died forgotten at the age of eighty-three on February 3, 1819. There was no institution to carry Sutton's name into the era of vaccination; his family was ... More


Confronting Smallpox

in The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Variola major, the virus that causes smallpox, circulates continuously from one susceptible human to another. As the variola virus establishes its migratory sphere, a dramatic transmission of the ... More


The Mystery of Immunity

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter assesses the mystery of immunity. Today, Edward Jenner is often referred to as the 'father of immunology'. But really, Jenner had no more claim to that title than Lady Mary Wortley ... More


The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Gavin Weightman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Smallpox was the scourge of the eighteenth century: it showed no mercy, almost wiping out whole societies. Young and old, poor and royalty were equally at risk — unless they had survived a previous ... More


The Battle for Vaccination

Gavin Weightman

in The Great Inoculator: The Untold Story of Daniel Sutton and his Medical Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300241440
eISBN:
9780300256314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300241440.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how the worldwide excitement for Edward Jenner's vaccine in the first flush of Cowmania promised a new era in which parents would clamour to have their children protected by ... More


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