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Expansion: Parliament and Nation, 1272–1327

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585502
eISBN:
9780191723148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Political History

This chapter describes the evolution of parliament, and its growth as a popular and less exclusively baronial assembly, from the accession of Edward I to the deposition of his son. It shows how, in ... More


Piers Gaveston: Edward II's Adoptive Brother

Pierre Chaplais

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204497
eISBN:
9780191676314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204497.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This is a highly original reappraisal of the role of Piers Gaveston in English history and of his personal relationship with Edward II. It challenges the accepted view that Gaveston had a homosexual ... More


‘High Noon’—Private Petitions, c.1290– c.1330

GWILYM DODD

in Justice and Grace: Private Petitioning and the English Parliament in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202805
eISBN:
9780191708015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202805.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter considers the private petition in the heyday of its existence, during the reigns of Edward I and Edward II. This was the period when the greatest numbers of petitions came to be ... More


Compact of Brotherhood

Pierre Chaplais

in Piers Gaveston: Edward II's Adoptive Brother

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204497
eISBN:
9780191676314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204497.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The chroniclers of the reign agree in blaming both Edward II and Piers Gaveston for all the ill that afflicted the kingdom from 1307 to 1312. Most of the blame was laid at Gaveston, who made enemies ... More


The Harder they Fall Victory in Scotland, 1310–14

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter considers events in Robert Bruce's life from 1310 to 1314. These include Edward II's worsening political situation; Bruce's exploitation of Edward II's own growing political and military ... More


To Have and Have Not King of Scotland, 1322–26

Michael Penman

in Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300148725
eISBN:
9780300209280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300148725.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter describes events in Robert Bruce's life from 1322 to 1326. These include Robert's inducements to persuade Edward II to accept a Bruce dynasty in a sovereign Scotland; the truce agreed ... More


The Scottish War and the Plantagenet Dominions (1307–1314)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The death of Edward I left his son a legacy of war and its costs. The handling of Scotland in the opening years of Edward II's reign was disastrous. He failed to use the funds collected to elicit ... More


The Aftermath (July 1314–May 1323)

Michael Brown

in Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles 1307-1323

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633326
eISBN:
9780748672127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633326.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Bannockburn did not end the war between Robert Bruce and Edward of England. It ended the manning of Scottish castles against Bruce, and open opposition to his royal rights and title within Scotland. ... More


Introduction: A Reluctant King and His Alter Ego

Pierre Chaplais

in Piers Gaveston: Edward II's Adoptive Brother

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204497
eISBN:
9780191676314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204497.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In 1327 the criticism that Edward II was an incompetent ruler was regarded as so decisive an argument for that king's removal from office that it was placed at the head of the complaints lodged ... More


War and Peace

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter deals with events between Bannockburn and the Treaty of Edinburgh 1328, examining why it took Bruce so long to obtain peace on his terms. Bruce and Douglas led frequent raids into ... More


Dying Politically: Edward II and the Ends of Dynastic Monarchy

Maggie Vinter

in Last Acts: The Art of Dying on the Early Modern Stage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780823284269
eISBN:
9780823286133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823284269.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Most readers of Christopher Marlowe’s Edward II locate the play’s radicalism in the sexualized challenge that Edward’s homoerotic relations with Gaveston and the Spensers pose to dynastic monarchy ... More


The Impact of the Bruce Invasion, 1315–27

James Lydon

in A New History of Ireland: Volume II, Medieval Ireland 1169–1534

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199539703
eISBN:
9780191701184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539703.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter discusses the following: sharp drop in revenue under Edward II; attempted financial reform; emergence of ‘rebel English’; Edward Bruce's army lands at Lame; reasons for Scottish ... More


The War of St Sardos and the Deposition of Edward II (1323–1327)

Barbara Bombi

in Anglo-Papal Relations in the Early Fourteenth Century: A Study in Medieval Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198729150
eISBN:
9780191795879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198729150.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Political History

This chapter investigates the bureaucratization of administrative and diplomatic practices during international political conflict and domestic turmoil at the time of the Anglo-French war of St ... More


A King in Search of his Throne

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Precise evidence for where Bruce spent the winter 1306-7 is lacking, but the likeliest hypothesis is that he stayed in Northern Ireland and the southern Hebrides. Early in 1307, aware that Edward I ... More


Bannockburn

G.W.S. Barrow

in Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620227
eISBN:
9780748672189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

To relieve Stirling and to ‘suppress the wicked rebellion of Robert Bruce’, Edward II planned a major campaign with forces of perhaps 15000 infantry and 2-3000 cavalry; against this, the forces ... More


The Election of Clement V and Edward II’s Succession

Barbara Bombi

in Anglo-Papal Relations in the Early Fourteenth Century: A Study in Medieval Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198729150
eISBN:
9780191795879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198729150.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Political History

The examination of Anglo-papal relations between 1305 and 1309 provides an interesting first case study of how political change both in England and at the papal curia impacted on the development of ... More


The Cognitive Organization of Sex, Sexuality, and Gender Identities: Marlowe’s and “The Newly Compiled Tale of the Golden Butterflies”

Patrick Colm Hogan

in Sexual Identities: A Cognitive Literary Study

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190857790
eISBN:
9780190857820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190857790.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The first chapter explores the complexities and varieties of love. Though often separated from sex, sexuality, and gender, love is crucial to sexuality and significant even for gender. To explore ... More


Aymer de Valence: Earl of Pembroke 1307-1324. Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II

J. R. S. Phillips

Published in print:
1972
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198223597
eISBN:
9780191861048
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198223597.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book examines the course and significance of English politics in the reign of Edward II through a study of the career of one important magnate, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke from 1307 to ... More


The Approach to Civil War April 1316 to November 1317

J. R. S. Phillips

in Aymer de Valence: Earl of Pembroke 1307-1324. Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II

Published in print:
1972
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198223597
eISBN:
9780191861048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198223597.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines Aymer de Valence's role in averting what could have been a civil war in the summer of 1317 caused by the deteriorating relations between Edward II and Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. ... More


The Armed Truce June 1312 to October 1313

J. R. S. Phillips

in Aymer de Valence: Earl of Pembroke 1307-1324. Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II

Published in print:
1972
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198223597
eISBN:
9780191861048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198223597.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines Aymer de Valence's role in the peace negotiations between Edward II and the magnates from June 1312 to October 1313. Tensions ran high during the period between Piers Gaveston's ... More


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