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The Making of the Fulbright Program, 1946–1961: Architecture, Philosophy, and Narrative

Lonnie R. Johnson

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Fulbright program was an unprecedented and innovative enterprise that laid the foundations for development of international education in the United States and abroad after World War II. After its ... More


‘Free gift’ or ‘infiltration’?: Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program began in a period of deepening Cold War tensions. US suspicions of the Australian Labor Party government and Australian negotiators’ suspicions of US cultural ... More


‘Bright scientific moles’ v. ‘goodwill ambassador extroverts’: Choosing a Fulbright scholar

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Tensions between Australia and the US over administration of the Fulbright program soon became apparent in contests over which researchers should be given awards. The US retained control over the ... More


Education, or ‘part of our foreign policy’?: At war in Vietnam

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the early 1960s the original Fulbright Agreement had expired and a new one was negotiated, as a binational agreement with the Australian government providing equal funding. This was signed in ... More


The Meaning of Educational Exchange: The Nationalist Exceptionalism of Fulbright’s Liberal Internationalism

Sam Lebovic

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Fulbright’s theories of cultural exchange to understand the substance and assumptions of his commitment to liberal internationalism. It shows that his assumption that ... More


‘Experience is the only teacher’: Academic ambassadors interpret ‘mutual understanding’

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Vietnam War posed significant challenges to academics on educational exchange who were expected under the Fulbright program to be ambassadors as well as researchers. The CIA surveillance of the ... More


‘Meeting [our] domestic Communism problem’: Cold War governance and the public university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

During the Cold War the Fulbright program was considered an effective arm of US ‘soft power’ and cultural diplomacy. The US saw Australia as strategically valuable in the Asia-Pacific region of the ... More


‘A steady stream of new problems’: Politics and teething issues

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program was implemented after the election of the Menzies’ Liberal Party government. As Australia’s Cold War deepened the Menzies government signed other treaties with the ... More


‘Mutual benefit’ v. ‘the needs of the country’: Programming academic fields

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

A vital aspect of the Fulbright program’s history is showing how the program influenced changes, especially in the development of academic fields. The field of research emphases in awards reveals how ... More


The Limits of Liberal Internationalism: The Fulbright Program in Africa

Hannah Higgin

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses how Fulbright’s views on race complicated American exchange programs with African nations in the 1960s. At the height of the civil rights movement, Presidents Kennedy and ... More


From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

How did the Fulbright program evolve in relation to the challenge of racial diversity? For the first several decades of the Fulbright program Australia had a mass immigration program and a White ... More


Tactful Visitor, Scientific Observer, or 100 Percent Patriot?: Ambassadorship in the Australia-US Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The meaning of ambassadorship within the Fulbright program has been difficult to define over its seventy-year history. In the Australian Fulbright program, scholars had to negotiate a complex ... More


The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Alessandro Brogi, Giles Scott-Smith, and Snyder David J. (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology offers a fresh retrospective on the influential career of Senator J. William Fulbright, a leading foreign policy thinker and the ... More


Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book recounts the history of the Fulbright Program in Australia, locating academic exchange in the context of US cultural diplomacy and revealing a complex relationship between governments, ... More


‘In the climate of continuing financial restraint’: Finding a sustainable future in the neo-liberal university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The impact of neo-liberalism on the university sector had profound consequences for the Fulbright program’s ability to support academic research. Binationalism had meant the Australian Fulbright ... More


Introduction

Alessandro Brogi, Giles Scott-Smith, and David J. Snyder

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

While the ideological inspiration of Woodrow Wilson on American liberal internationalism has been well investigated, less well understood are subsequent influences within the defining ideology of the ... More


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