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‘We have no king but Christ’: Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)

Philip Wood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588497
eISBN:
9780191595424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This book examines the effects of Christianization upon regional identity and political thought in the eastern Mediterranean in the fifth and sixth centuries. Itfocuses on the centrifugal effects of ... More


Monks and Monasteries

Volker L. Menze

in Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The third chapter focuses on non-Chalcedonian ‘Monks and Monasteries’ as a crucial factor for the establishment of the Syrian Orthodox Church. After the non-Chalcedonian bishops had left their sees, ... More


Theories of Nations and the World of Late Antiquity

Philip Wood

in ‘We have no king but Christ’: Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588497
eISBN:
9780191595424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter is a counterpoint to the previous chapter. It focuses on the centrifugal effects of Christianity on regional identity, looking at this in the context of the wider Roman‐Empire and the ... More


Edessa and Beyond: The Reception of the Doctrina Addai in the Fifth and Sixth Centuries

Philip Wood

in ‘We have no king but Christ’: Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588497
eISBN:
9780191595424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides close readings of three major pieces of Syriac writing. These are examined from the perspective ofthe relationship between Syriac‐speakers and the Roman state, especially with ... More


The Julian Romance

Philip Wood

in ‘We have no king but Christ’: Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588497
eISBN:
9780191595424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The final three chapters examine the disparate ways in which Edessene and Suryoyo identities evolved in the course of the Christological controversies of the fifth and sixth centuries. This chapter ... More


Later Historians: The West Syrian Tradition

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

A west Syrian strand of history, originating with Theophilus, a Chalcedonian Christian from Edessa who became chief astrologer to the Caliph Mahdi (775–85), can be picked out in four later works, one ... More


The Antagonisms Sharpen: Alexius I Comnenus and the Crusader States (1098–1119)

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

in Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204077
eISBN:
9780191676116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The battle of Ascalon in the autumn of 1099 signified the end of the First Crusade as a common undertaking of the princes who took part and their destinies now diverged. For Byzantium this separation ... More


‘Confusion in the Land’

Jack Tannous

in The Making of the Medieval Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179094
eISBN:
9780691184166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179094.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on Jacob of Edessa's treatises. Jacob of Edessa was perhaps the most learned Miaphysite in the world in his day, with a deep knowledge of the Christian tradition in both Greek ... More


Three Chapters: The Fifth Council (553)

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Three Chapters edicts issued by Emperor Justinian condemning the three advocates of two-nature Christology, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Theodore of Cyrrhus and Ibas of Edessa. ... More


Sense and Sadness: Syriac Chant in Aleppo

Tala Jarjour

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190635251
eISBN:
9780190635299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190635251.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Sense and Sadness is a story of the living practice of Syriac chant in Aleppo, Syria. To understand and explain this oral tradition, the book puts forward the concept of the emotional economy of ... More


Cyrrhestice and Commagene Ainos

Getzel M. Cohen

in The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241480
eISBN:
9780520931022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241480.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

This chapter describes the settlements in Ainos, Amphipolis, Antioch near the Tauros, Antioch on the Euphrates, Arsameia on the Euphrates, Arsameia on the Nymphaios, Beroia, Chaonia, Doliche, Doura ... More


Epilogue

Jan Willem Drijvers

in The Forgotten Reign of the Emperor Jovian (363-364): History and Fiction

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197600702
eISBN:
9780197600733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197600702.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In general, historians have put too much trust in the negative opinion of Jovian’s person and reign held by Ammianus Marcellinus, Libanius, and other (pagan) writers who display an obvious nostalgia ... More


Why Were the Syrians Interested in Greek Philosophy?

Daniel King

in History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199915408
eISBN:
9780199332816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915408.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the development of an educational curriculum among Syriac-speakers and asks why the ‘Syrians’ continued to read and translate Aristotle. It concludes that logic was not a tool ... More


You Are What You Read: Qenneshre and the Miaphysite Church in the Seventh Century

Jack Tannous

in History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199915408
eISBN:
9780199332816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915408.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter connects the seventh-century ‘sectarianisation’ of the Middle East to the translation of literature from Greek into Syriac. It argues that real-life boundaries between confessions were ... More


Saint Thomas, Missionary Apostle to India

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent

in Missionary Stories and the Formation of the Syriac Churches

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520284968
eISBN:
9780520960589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284968.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In this chapter, I analyze the Acts of Thomas, a third-century attestation of a missionary narrative that attributes the conversion of India to St. Thomas the apostle. I analyze the text’s main ... More


The Teaching of Addai: Founding a Christian City

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent

in Missionary Stories and the Formation of the Syriac Churches

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520284968
eISBN:
9780520960589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284968.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In this chapter, I analyze the Teaching of Addai, a text that describes the conversion of the city of Edessa. I show how the story is a product of Edessa’s fifth-century church. I show how the ... More


Prelude: A Time Before Strategy?

Steve Tibble

in The Crusader Strategy: Defending the Holy Land

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300253115
eISBN:
9780300256291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300253115.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter describes a time before strategy, when the lands of the Middle East were intensely fractured, and trust and loyalty were scarce commodities. It looks at a time when self-interest was ... More


The Egyptian Strategy: 1154–1169

Steve Tibble

in The Crusader Strategy: Defending the Holy Land

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300253115
eISBN:
9780300256291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300253115.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter talks about a young Frankish lord called Hugh of Caesarea who led a group of knights through the labyrinthine passages of the caliphal palace in Cairo in 1167. It describes Hugh's simple ... More


The Western Imperial Church and Beyond (312–500)

David W. Kling

in A History of Christian Conversion

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780195320923
eISBN:
9780190062620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195320923.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter opens with an analysis of the revised meaning of conversion as Christianity transitioned from a “cult” (out-group) to a “church” (in-group) now favored by Christian emperors. Following ... More


Some Considerations

Jan Willem Drijvers

in The Forgotten Reign of the Emperor Jovian (363-364): History and Fiction

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197600702
eISBN:
9780197600733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197600702.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter offers thoughts about origin and function of the Jovian Narrative. The Jovian Narrative is a composite text in which various narratives about Julian and Jovian circulating in northern ... More


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