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Unconventional Voices on Special Relativity

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of Einstein's writings. It argues that the special relativity of 1905 was not a constructive theory, and part of the reason is the role that rods and clocks play ... More


The View from General Relativity

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In his 1923 book The Mathematical Theory of Relativity, Arthur Eddington distinguished between two chains of reasoning in general relativity. The first familiar one starts with the existence of the ... More


 Problems of Rivalry with Science

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The divergence between the world descriptions provided by physical science and by common sense has led to some of the oldest and most persistent arguments for eliminating ordinary objects. Some ... More


Real Materialism

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the following statements: materialists hold that every real, concrete phenomenon in the universe is a wholly physical phenomenon and consciousness (‘what-it's-likeness’, etc.) ... More


SOLAR RADIATION TRANSFER IN THE ATMOSPHERE

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the transfer of solar radiation within the Earth's atmosphere and at the surface. The main processes discussed are molecular absorption in the ultraviolet-visible and ... More


This too is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The validity suggested by beauty must be verified by experiment. Three major predictions of general relativity are: gravitational fields bend light, slow down time beyond the effect of special ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


Geometrizing Physics: Eddington's Theory of the Affine Field

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how Eddington’s 1921 generalization of Weyl’s theory of gravitation and electromagnetism stemmed from similar transcendental idealist epistemological concerns. While Eddington’s affine ... More


Epilogue: The “Geometrization of Physics” and Transcendental Idealism

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The transcendental idealist underpinnings of the geometrized field physics proposed by Hermann Weyl and by Arthur Eddington remained largely unrecognized. Èmile Meyerson was a notable exception. It ... More


Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Ian Glass

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Galileo, Newton, Herschel, Huggins, Hale, Eddington, Shapley, and Hubble: these astronomers applied ideas drawn from physics to astronomy and made dramatic changes to the world-pictures that they ... More


Black holes

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Black hole is an object so compact that it is inside its event horizon: a one-way surface through which particle and light can only traverse inward, and an exterior observer cannot receive any signal ... More


ARTHUR EDDINGTON: INSIDE THE STARS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by investigating Arthur Eddington's early life and his biography. It discusses that one of his first research programmes concerned the ‘star drifts’ discovered by Jacobus Kapteyn. ... More


Alchemical Furnaces of the Cosmos

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Sun and other stars generate energy by nuclear fusion processes that convert hydrogen into helium. Eddington was first to suggest the conversion of hydrogen into helium might fuel the stars. At ... More


Diamonds in the Sky!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

After consuming their nuclear fuel, most stars lose their outer envelopes and all that remains is the collapsed core of the star, an object known as a white dwarf. Ever since Galileo pointed a ... More


Roads and traffic: from ‘predict and provide’ to ‘making best use’

Graham Parkhurst and Geoff Dudley

in Traffic jam: Ten years of 'sustainable' transport in the UK

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420732
eISBN:
9781447304050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420732.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the Labour government's roads and traffic policies in Great Britain in the decade since 1998. It explains the principles of a sustainable roads and traffic policy, taking into ... More


Einstein and the Astronomers

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter deals with the early exploration of observational and experimental consequences of general relativity. It explores Erwin Freundlich's failed attempts to verify gravitational light ... More


A Lady on Neptune: Arthur Eddington’s Talkative Universe

Katy Price

in Loving Faster than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226680736
eISBN:
9780226680750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680750.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the unpublished letters and journal entries of British astrophysicist Arthur Stanley Eddington related to the relativity theory. It explains that Eddington used the public ... More


Talking to Mars: William Empson’s Astronomy Love Poems

Katy Price

in Loving Faster than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226680736
eISBN:
9780226680750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680750.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the poems of William Empson related to astronomy and relativity theory. It explains that Empson's metaphysical love poems tested out the universe of Albert Einstein and Arthur ... More


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