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Secular States in Crisis

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Malaysia and Pakistan sought to address their problems through economic growth and the management of ethnic tensions. Malaysia pursued the New Economic Policy (NEP) to favor Malay bumiputras (sons of ... More


A Woman’s New Deal

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Several developments, including the weakness of the Texas and National League of Women Voters, convinced Cunningham that middle-class women's voluntary organizations were unable to bring about ... More


Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

Peter Ferdinand

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes Bukharin as an advocate and principal defender of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It also traces the developments of Bukharin's ideas on how to transform the Soviet Union into a ... More


Netherlands: Fostering Consensus on Fiscal Policy

Frits Bos and Coen Teulings

in Restoring Public Debt Sustainability: The Role of Independent Fiscal Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199644476
eISBN:
9780191749100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644476.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) prepares the official macroeconomic forecast underlying the annual budget, a midterm review of public finance at the start of each ... More


Bukharin’s Theory of Cultural Revolution

John Biggart

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that while Bukharin is considered to have been a custodian of Leninism and the gradual change during the New Economic Policy (NEP), his theory of cultural revolution differed ... More


Management in Post-War Japan and Today

Hiroyuki Odagiri and Akira Goto

in Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288022
eISBN:
9780191684555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288022.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the reforms made during the post-war era in Japan. Most of these reforms were undertaken by the General Headquarters (GHQ) of the Allied Power and was referred to as ‘Economic ... More


Bukharin and the Countryside

V. P. Danilov

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278665
eISBN:
9780191684227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Bukharin's policy towards the peasantry. It discusses the rural aspects of Bukharin's co-operative collectivization, his alternative to the Stalinist methods of ... More


On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Stuart Finkel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Having emerged, exhausted but triumphant, from the bloody and divisive Russian Civil War, V. I. Lenin and his colleagues turned to eliminating perceived ideological foes from within. This book tells ... More


Pyrrhic Victories

Jörg Baberowski

in Scorched Earth: Stalin's Reign of Terror

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300136982
eISBN:
9780300220575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136982.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the aftermath of the Bolsheviks' victory over both the Whites, or counterrevolutionaries, and all rival socialists. The Bolsheviks broke the military resistance of the Whites, ... More


The Post-Diasporic Imagination: The Novels of K. S. Maniam

Eddie Tay

in Colony, Nation, and Globalisation: Not at Home in Singaporean and Malaysian Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028740
eISBN:
9789882206762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028740.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the concept of post-diasporic experience in the works of K. S. Maniam, a Malaysian novelist and a third-generation descendent of South Asian migrants who worked as indentured ... More


Reforming State, Party, and Economy

in The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770835
eISBN:
9780804781794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770835.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the impact of the May 1969 riots on institution building and social reform in Malaysia. It suggests that this incident served as a catalyst for redistributive policies and ... More


The New Economic Policy

Lynne Attwood

in Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia: Private Life in a Public Space

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081453
eISBN:
9781781701768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter is concerned with the 1920s, the time of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It deals with the return to private housing, the establishment of an official norm of living space, and the ... More


The Neoliberal Agenda and the Diet Veto

Mari Miura

in Welfare through Work: Conservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451058
eISBN:
9780801465925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines how neoliberalism gained political currency in Japan and how the nature of the political dynamics since 1993 transformed the welfare through work system. While labor market ... More


Commerce, finance and statecraft: Histories of England, 1600-1780

Ben Dew

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781784992965
eISBN:
9781526138705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992965.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, historians of England pioneered a series of new approaches to the history of economic policy. Commerce, Finances and Statecraft charts the development of ... More


Introduction

Stuart Finkel

in On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300122411
eISBN:
9780300145076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122411.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a description of the expulsion of intellectuals and their families from Russia in fall 1922 and winter 1923, by Lenin and his colleagues in the Bolshevik Party. ... More


The Second Phase of National Communism

Józef Mackiewicz

in The Triumph of Provocation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300145694
eISBN:
9780300145700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300145694.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the history of the second phase of national communism in the Soviet Union. It discusses Joseph Stalin's New Economic Policy and his program of nationalism aimed at saving ... More


An Asymmetric EMU

Alicia Hinarejos

in The Euro Area Crisis in Constitutional Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198714958
eISBN:
9780191783128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714958.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter provides an overview of the original design of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and its flaws. It highlights the underlying tension within EMU between a centralized monetary policy, on ... More


Grenada: Socioeconomic Overview, 1960–2012

Kari H. I. Grenade

in The Grenada Revolution: Reflections and Lessons

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781628461510
eISBN:
9781626740815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461510.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The chapter reviews economic policy and performance during the era of the People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG). It provides an overview of the economic environment during the Gairy era to help ... More


The Militarization of Socialism in Russia

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Socialism in the Soviet Union was shaped by Russia's particular historical traditions, its revolutionary experience, and the international trend toward managerial society. Explaining the actual ... More


The Communist Oppositions and Post-Stalinist Reform

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0035
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the first dozen years of Soviet rule, the Communist oppositions encompassed all the waves of criticism in the Bolshevik/Communist Party that resisted the decisions and policies of Vladimir ... More


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