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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


Agents of Terror

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has defined a list of human pathogens that are of highest concern for possible use as bioweapons. These agents, most of which had been developed as ... More


First Defense: The Immune System and Bioterrorism

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

During the first 48–72 hours of a bioterrorist attack using pathogenic microbes, the immune system will be our primary means of defense against potentially fatal disease. This chapter looks at the ... More


The Virosphere

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents an introduction to viruses. Viruses have played a major role not only in evolutionary history but also in recent history. They have shaped human genomes and physiological ... More


Ebola

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the Ebola virus in detail. Since 1976, with the exception of the 2013–2016 epidemic in West Africa, all outbreaks of Ebola virus infection have occurred in central Africa. The ... More


Blue Zones

Nomi Dave

in The Revolution's Echoes: Music, Politics, and Pleasure in Guinea

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226654461
eISBN:
9780226654775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226654775.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers the ways in which the lines between authoritarianism and democracy and between the past and the present remain blurred in Guinea today. It considers the new role of the private ... More


African development, political economy and the road to Agenda 2063

George Kararach, Hany Besada, and Timothy Shaw

in Development In Africa: Refocusing the lens after the Millennium Development Goals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447328537
eISBN:
9781447328551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328537.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

There are dangers of over-simplification when discussing the development challenges and opportunities facing a continent as vast as Africa at a given point in time! Africa is made up of 54 disparate ... More


An Overview of Newly Emerging Viral Plagues: The Hemorrhagic Fevers and a Newly Mysterious Suspect of Viral Disease, Acute Flaccid Paralysis

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter highlights three of the recently identified viruses: Lassa fever virus, Ebola virus, and hantavirus. All three are equally lethal infectious agents, but they are members of different ... More


Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Sam F. Halabi, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Jeffrey S. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa shocked the world as the disease spread rapidly from its origin to neighboring countries, Europe, and North America while the systems in place to ... More


The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Michiel Hofman and Sokhieng Au (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although Ebola and similar hemorrhagic fevers have occurred in the past, both the numbers and geographic spread of the 2014-15 West African Ebola epidemic were unprecedented. Ebola and the associated ... More


Global Health Governance in International Society

Jeremy Youde

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198813057
eISBN:
9780191851049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813057.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the 1980s, health was a marginal issue on the international political agenda, and it barely figured into donor states’ foreign aid allocation. Within a generation, health had developed a robust ... More


Treating, Suffering, and Surviving Ebola: The Story of Prince as told to Patricia Carrick

Prince Lahai and Patricia Carrick

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This story of an encounter with a remarkable young man, Prince, during a small incident in an Ebola treatment center provides a window to the lived experience of Ebola caregivers, patients, and ... More


The Effect of Ebola Virus Disease on Health Outcomes and Systems in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

John D. Kraemer and Mark J. Siedner

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 3, John D. Kraemer and J. Mark Siedner map the effect of the Ebola epidemic on health outcomes and systems in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The chapter provides a comprehensive review ... More


Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter considers viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks in Africa. The best known African viral hemorrhagic fevers are yellow fever, Marburg, and Ebola. Viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks are ... More


A General Introduction

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of how viruses have caused geographic, economic, and religious changes. Smallpox alone, in the twentieth century, killed an estimated 300 million ... More


The Initial International Aid Response in Sierra Leone: A Viewpoint from the Field

Thomas Kratz

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

On May 26, 2014, it was acknowledged that the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic had swept over to Sierra Leone, although several indices imply that EVD infections were more likely to be present much ... More


Returning to the “Ebola World”

Maud Santantonio

in The Politics of Fear: Médecins sans Frontières and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190624477
eISBN:
9780190624507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624477.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In early February 2015, the author prepared to leave for her second Ebola mission, this time at an Ebola treatment center in Conakry, the capital of Guinea. During the two-month mission she ... More


Landpower and Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief

Charles Luke, Chris Bowers, and Alex Willard

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses the strategic value of landpower in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) operations. When disasters occur that are significant enough to derail/delay political ... More


Introduction: Natives and Newcomers, Partners in Health

Patricia Illingworth and Wendy E. Parmet

in Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814789216
eISBN:
9780814760826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789216.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The 2015 Ebola epidemic, as well as the global migration crisis, bring to light the connection many people make between loathsome disease and strangers. Myths about newcomers and disease have long ... More


Keep Out!: Immigration Control as Public Health Protection

Patricia Illingworth and Wendy E. Parmet

in Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814789216
eISBN:
9780814760826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789216.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Humans have long blamed immigrants and outsiders for epidemics. This perceived association between newcomers and disease has led many nations to impose health-related immigration controls that screen ... More


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