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Past History and Present Politics: E. A. Freeman and the Eastern Question

William Kelley

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

While E. A. Freeman’s History of the Norman Conquest has tended to monopolise the attention of historians of historiography, this essay argues that the Eastern Question occupies a central place in ... More


Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Alexander Bitis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book covers one of the most important and persistent problems in nineteenth-century European diplomacy, the Eastern Question. The Eastern Question was essentially shorthand for comprehending the ... More


Disraeli and the Eastern Question

Milos Kovic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199574605
eISBN:
9780191595134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574605.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

It is a commonplace in biographies of Disraeli (later Lord Beaconsfield) that his attitude to the East and the Eastern Question is essential for understanding his complex persona and the most crucial ... More


The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Recovery, January 1867–May 1882

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For the first time in 1867, the peace movement acquired continental counterparts and an extended franchise helped Henry Richard enter the parliament. There are also other significant events that ... More


The First Intervention in Crete (1866–69)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the motives underlying the European powers' multilateral intervention in Crete during the period 1866–1869. It first considers the context of the Cretan Christians' revolt of ... More


‘Seeing Things With Our Own Eyes’: E. A. Freeman’s Historical Travels

William M. Aird

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Edward A. Freeman travelled extensively throughout his life and was far from being a sedentary gentleman-scholar confined to his country residence at Somerleaze, Somerset. According to Freeman, the ... More


The United States and Bulgarian Independence, 1876–1878

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 delves more deeply into the Eastern Question by examining the role of American missionaries, journalists, and diplomats during the Bulgarian Massacres of 1876 and the subsequent ... More


Egypt’s Bid for Mastery of the Middle East, 1831–1841

Evan Braden Montgomery

in In the Hegemon's Shadow: Leading States and the Rise of Regional Powers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702341
eISBN:
9781501704017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines how Great Britain responded to Egypt's bid for mastery of the Middle East during the period 1831–1841. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the emerging rivalry ... More


Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as Americans increasingly came into contact with the Islamic world, U.S. diplomatic, cultural, political, and religious beliefs about Islam ... More


Introduction

Ozan Ozavci

in Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

The Introductory chapter discusses the overarching question of the book: how did it all begin? Since when did the self-defined Great Powers of the nineteenth century––Austria, Britain, France, ... More


Epilogue

Ozan Ozavci

in Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.003.0015
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

Even though each armed, legal, and administrative intervention considered in this book had diverse specific properties unique to its immediate context, the Epilogue makes a series of general remarks ... More


The United States and the Armenian Massacres, 1894–1896

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 7 returns to the Eastern Question by focusing on the American response to the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896, and how Americans once again made recourse to religious belief to explain ... More


Return of the Ashes: The Concert of Europe and the 1840 Intervention

Ozan Ozavci

in Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

The so-called second Eastern Crisis of 1839–41 came to an end with an intervention in Ottoman Syria on the part of the Quadruple Alliance (Austria, Britain, Prussia, and Russia) and the Ottoman ... More


Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Ozan Ozavci

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

From Napoleon Bonaparte’s invasion of Egypt in 1798 to the foreign interventions in the ongoing civil wars in Syria, Yemen, and Libya today, global empires or the so-called Great Powers have long ... More


The Age of the Eastern Question

Ozan Ozavci

in Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

What implications and effects did the 1840 intervention have in Mount Lebanon? What did it mean for the Ottoman Syrians, and particularly the Lebanese, whose lands became the centre of the conflict ... More


The Two Wars

Ozan Ozavci

in Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198852964
eISBN:
9780191888441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852964.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

The first inter-imperial war amongst the Great Powers since the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, the Crimean War (1853–1856) shook the world and devastated peoples, economies, and finances. Some ... More


The United States and the Greeks, 1821–1869

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 1 examines American reactions to the 1821 Greek War of Independence and the Cretan Insurrection of 1866-1869. Prompted by American philhellenes, politicians, religious organizations, and ... More


The Decline and Disappearance of the Singing Turk: Ottoman Reform, the Eastern Question, and the European Operatic Repertory

Larry Wolff

in The Singing Turk: Ottoman Power and Operatic Emotions on the European Stage from the Siege of Vienna to the Age of Napoleon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795777
eISBN:
9780804799652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795777.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers European opera after Rossini and the waning presence of Turkish figures and themes in nineteenth-century opera. Ottoman reform under Mahmud II and Abdülmecid I (including the ... More


From the Cleveland Commission to the Statutes of 1882

Christopher Harvie

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume VII: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510177
eISBN:
9780191700972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510177.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

With the passing of the Universities Tests Act of 1871, William Gladstone’s involvement in the politics of Oxford University diminished. Attempts by dons, Liberal and Conservative alike, to involve ... More


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