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Past History and Present Politics: E. A. Freeman and the Eastern Question

William Kelley

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

While E. A. Freeman’s History of the Norman Conquest has tended to monopolise the attention of historians of historiography, this essay argues that the Eastern Question occupies a central place in ... More


Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Alexander Bitis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book covers one of the most important and persistent problems in nineteenth-century European diplomacy, the Eastern Question. The Eastern Question was essentially shorthand for comprehending the ... More


Disraeli and the Eastern Question

Milos Kovic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199574605
eISBN:
9780191595134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574605.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

It is a commonplace in biographies of Disraeli (later Lord Beaconsfield) that his attitude to the East and the Eastern Question is essential for understanding his complex persona and the most crucial ... More


The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Recovery, January 1867–May 1882

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For the first time in 1867, the peace movement acquired continental counterparts and an extended franchise helped Henry Richard enter the parliament. There are also other significant events that ... More


The First Intervention in Crete (1866–69)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the motives underlying the European powers' multilateral intervention in Crete during the period 1866–1869. It first considers the context of the Cretan Christians' revolt of ... More


‘Seeing Things With Our Own Eyes’: E. A. Freeman’s Historical Travels

William M. Aird

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Edward A. Freeman travelled extensively throughout his life and was far from being a sedentary gentleman-scholar confined to his country residence at Somerleaze, Somerset. According to Freeman, the ... More


Egypt’s Bid for Mastery of the Middle East, 1831–1841

Evan Braden Montgomery

in In the Hegemon's Shadow: Leading States and the Rise of Regional Powers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501702341
eISBN:
9781501704017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines how Great Britain responded to Egypt's bid for mastery of the Middle East during the period 1831–1841. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the emerging rivalry ... More


The United States and Bulgarian Independence, 1876–1878

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 delves more deeply into the Eastern Question by examining the role of American missionaries, journalists, and diplomats during the Bulgarian Massacres of 1876 and the subsequent ... More


Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as Americans increasingly came into contact with the Islamic world, U.S. diplomatic, cultural, political, and religious beliefs about Islam ... More


The United States and the Armenian Massacres, 1894–1896

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 7 returns to the Eastern Question by focusing on the American response to the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896, and how Americans once again made recourse to religious belief to explain ... More


The United States and the Greeks, 1821–1869

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 1 examines American reactions to the 1821 Greek War of Independence and the Cretan Insurrection of 1866-1869. Prompted by American philhellenes, politicians, religious organizations, and ... More


The Decline and Disappearance of the Singing Turk: Ottoman Reform, the Eastern Question, and the European Operatic Repertory

Larry Wolff

in The Singing Turk: Ottoman Power and Operatic Emotions on the European Stage from the Siege of Vienna to the Age of Napoleon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795777
eISBN:
9780804799652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795777.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers European opera after Rossini and the waning presence of Turkish figures and themes in nineteenth-century opera. Ottoman reform under Mahmud II and Abdülmecid I (including the ... More


From the Cleveland Commission to the Statutes of 1882

Christopher Harvie

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume VII: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510177
eISBN:
9780191700972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510177.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

With the passing of the Universities Tests Act of 1871, William Gladstone’s involvement in the politics of Oxford University diminished. Attempts by dons, Liberal and Conservative alike, to involve ... More


The Interplay of National and Imperial Principles of Organization

Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Mónika Baár, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopeček

in A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198737148
eISBN:
9780191800610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The post-1848 period saw a proliferation of theories regarding the reorganization of empires, including the establishment of constitutional freedoms and political representation for all national ... More


The Faces of Reform

in The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520218451
eISBN:
9780520922792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520218451.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter illustrates how conflicting notions of reform, in an era of Eastern Question politics, undermined the traditional order. It explores the erosion of prereform, nonsectarian politics of ... More


Russia and the Making of Modern Greek Identity, 1821–1844

Lucien J. Frary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733775
eISBN:
9780191798191
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733775.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

The birth of the Greek nation in 1830 was a pivotal event in modern European history and in the history of nation-building in general. As the first internationally recognized state to appear on the ... More


From Anarchy to Absolutism

Lucien J. Frary

in Russia and the Making of Modern Greek Identity, 1821–1844

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733775
eISBN:
9780191798191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733775.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter probes the process of nation-state building in Greece based on Russian archival materials during the transition period from anarchy to absolutism (1833–5). It elucidates prevailing ... More


Russia and the Movement for Greek Independence

Lucien J. Frary

in Russia and the Making of Modern Greek Identity, 1821–1844

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733775
eISBN:
9780191798191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733775.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Although Greek ties with Russia are very old, this chapter sketches Russia’s concern with the movement for Greek independence from the 1770s until the assassination of President Kapodistrias in 1831 ... More


Containing Balkan Nationalism: Imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914

Denis Vovchenko

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190276676
eISBN:
9780190276690
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The book focuses on the implications of the Bulgarian national movement that developed in the context of Ottoman modernization (Tanzimat) and of European imperialism in the Near East (the Eastern ... More


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