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The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Alden A. Mosshammer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Dionysius Exiguus composed a 95‐year list of Easter dates beginning in what he designates as the year 532 from Christ. His list was a continuation of an Alexandrian table that ended in the year 247 ... More


Calendrical Customs and Alternative Beliefs

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288656
eISBN:
9780191710759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288656.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter describes and assesses the various customs and beliefs in which Presbyterians indulged at springtime, Halloween, and Christmas. Presbyterians observed holidays because they marked the ... More


The Origins of Easter

Ronald Hutton

in The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205708
eISBN:
9780191676758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the origins of Easter. As the execution and resurrection of its founder were the principal events upon which Christianity has based its claims in Messianism, it was inevitable ... More


Introduction

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Working in the year 525, Dionysius Exiguus drafted a 95‐year list of Easter dates as a continuation of an Alexandrian list that ended with the 247th year of Diocletian. Dionysius began his own list ... More


Easter and the Passover Moon

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Jesus was crucified at the time of the Passover. Passover is observed on the 14th day of the first month, when the springtime crop is ripe. In a lunar calendar, the 14th day of the month is a full ... More


The Letters to Boniface and Petronius

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

The Easter‐table of Dionysius Exiguus was the continuation of a 95‐year list he attributes to Cyril of Alexandria. He describes his work in two letters—one to Boniface and Bonus written in AD 525/6 ... More


The Structure of the 19‐Year Cycle

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

The Easter‐table of Dionysius Exiguus is organized with eight columns of data: (1) years of the Lord, (2) a number from 1 to 15 for the Indiction; (3) the age. (epact) of the moon; (4) a number ... More


Just War, 1914–1918

Keith Robbins

in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

This chapter examines the First World War, considering reactions to the outbreak and British intervention. Civil war in Ireland (and perhaps in the UK as a whole) appeared imminent and bitterly ... More


Contesting Scripture and Soil: Liturgical Dates and Seasonal Dieting

Hagith Sivan

in Palestine in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199284177
eISBN:
9780191712555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284177.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on conflict over Christian and Jewish interpretations of the Hebrew Bible. The Christianization of the Jewish calendar in late antiquity is discussed. It is argued that ... More


Observations on the Divine Office in the Rule of the Master

Joseph Dyer

in The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages: Methodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195124538
eISBN:
9780199868421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124538.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Over twenty chapters of the monastic Rule of the Master (early 6th century) are devoted to the organization of the Office. The two separate descriptions of the Office contained in the Rule are ... More


The Palm Sunday Procession in Medieval Chartres

Craig Wright

in The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages: Methodology and Source Studies, Regional Developments, Hagiography

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195124538
eISBN:
9780199868421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124538.003.0016
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter presents a short history of the Palm Sunday procession in the Western Church followed by a more detailed study of that ritual as it unfolded in medieval Chartres, especially using ... More


The Art of Festival and the Dance of Life

Gordon Graham

in The Re-enchantment of the World: Art versus Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265961
eISBN:
9780191708756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265961.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter explores the concepts of ‘the holy’ and ‘festival’. Building on passages in Nietzsche and Gadamer, it sets out both the possibilities and the limits for a secular equivalent to the great ... More


Jews and Christians Survive Rome's Crushing of Revolts

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The destruction of the Temple and banishment of Jews from Jerusalem by the emperor Hadrian made the survival of the Jewish people dependent on the ‘tenacious conservatism of an unassimilated and ... More


The Resurrection: The State of the Questions

Gerald O'Collins

in The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Resurrection of Jesus

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269854
eISBN:
9780191600517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269854.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In his chapter Gerald O’Collins first summarizes current debates concerning the essential resurrection claim, the nature of the Easter appearances, the historicity of the empty tomb, and the ... More


The Intercalation

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Through most of our period, the intercalation of a thirteenth month to the year (designed to bring the lunar calendar in line with the annual seasons) was independently carried out by the Jewish ... More


Γλυκορρήμων (‘Sweetly Speaking’): John the Poet

Andrew Louth

in St John Damascene: Tradition and Originality in Byzantine Theology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252381
eISBN:
9780191600654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252386.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

A brief account of the development of Byzantine liturgical poetry, and the role of Palestinian monasticism in his development, especially the evolution of the canon. Theological and literary analysis ... More


The Council at Serdica

Hamilton Hess

in The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The failure of the attempted settlement of the dispute over the teachings of Arius by the Council of Nicaea in 325 resulted in intense turmoil within the Church during the decades to follow, and this ... More


Conclusions: Doomed to Fail?

John Horgan

in Divided We Stand: The Strategy and Psychology of Ireland's Dissident Terrorists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772858
eISBN:
9780199307418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772858.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The dissidents take their inspiration from the past. In particular, they look to the 1916 rebellion as a model for how they need to assert Irish independence and rid Ireland of Britain’s presence ... More


Comedic Form and Paschal Motif in the First and Second Quartos of Romeo and Juliet

Beatrice Groves

in Texts and Traditions: Religion in Shakespeare 1592 - 1604

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199208982
eISBN:
9780191706158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208982.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter establishes a previously unrecognized allusion to Easter, and the Easter sepulchre, in Romeo and Juliet. It argues that the religious echoes confer sanctity on the young couple and ... More


“Sinn Feiners, me arse. I’m A Socialist, Never doubt about it”: Jamie O’Neill’s At Swim, Two Boys and the Queer Project of Socialism

Patrick R. Mullen

in The Poor Bugger’s Tool: Irish Modernism, Queer Labor, and Postcolonial History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199746699
eISBN:
9780199950270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746699.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines Jamie O’Neill’s queer recasting of the events of Easter 1916 and argues that the novel offers the chance to imagine a queer socialist politics of affect and cultural value. The ... More


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