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Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


Debating the Saints’ Cult in the Age of Gregory the Great

Matthew Dal Santo (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646791
eISBN:
9780199949939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646791.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book argues that the Dialogues on the Miracles of the Italian Fathers, Pope Gregory the Great's (590–604) most controversial work, should be considered from the perspective of a wide-ranging ... More


Continuities—Personal and Institutional

Jack Tannous

in The Making of the Medieval Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179094
eISBN:
9780691184166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179094.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter explores a series of continuities across a period of time—the sixth through the ninth centuries—that witnessed some of the most consequential changes in the late ancient world. In the ... More


The Cultural Horizons of the Patriarchate in the Early Third Century

Amram Tropper

in Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography: Tractate Avot in the Context of the Graeco-Roman Near East

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199267125
eISBN:
9780191699184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter analyzes the cultural horizons of the editor's world. It explores the horizons of the patriarch in the early third century in order to illustrate the degree to which he would have been ... More


Contested Truths

Jack Tannous

in The Making of the Medieval Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179094
eISBN:
9780691184166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179094.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter details how people dealt with doctrinal difference in the post-Chalcedonian Middle East. Some of the ways in which disagreement was handled include violence. Another route a Christian ... More


A Greek Christian World?

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The great temple of Artemis at Gerasa (Jerash) in Jordan is one of the finest expressions of Greco-Roman culture in the Near East. Built in the second century, it includes a church that was erected ... More


Introduction

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book examines the cultural contexts in which the Babylonian Talmud, or Bavli, was situated by focusing on Mesopotamia, eastern provincial Rome, Babylonia, Armenia, and Persia. More specifically, ... More


Jews and Samaritans in a Greek Christian World

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on the presence of large settled populations of Jews and Samaritans, both urban and rural, in Palestine in the first to fourth centuries, and how Jewish identity and belief was ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book has explored how non-rabbinic and even non-Jewish traditions from the eastern Roman provinces, as well as traditions from and information concerning Christian and pagan cultures east of ... More


Latin in the Epigraphy of the Roman Near East *

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.15
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter studies the role of Latin in epigraphic texts of the Roman Near East. Focusing on the epigraphic record of Palmyra, it considers three aspects that illustrate the complexity of the role ... More


Epilogue Connecting to Muhammad?

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This epilogue examines various strands of social history, religious affiliation and language in the Roman Near East in relation to the beginning of Muhammad's preaching in about 610. Muhammad was ... More


Mortuary Graffiti in the Roman East

Karen B. Stern

in Writing on the Wall: Graffiti and the Forgotten Jews of Antiquity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691161334
eISBN:
9781400890453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161334.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines how graffiti was used by ancient Jews to communicate with and about the dead. Focusing on graffiti discovered in cemeteries and burial caves throughout Palestine during the ... More


Caravan Cities: The Roman Near East and Long-Distance Trade by Land*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.17
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter follows the possibility of long-distance overland trade with central Asia of Roman Near East's caravan cities: Petra, Gerasa, Palmyra, and Dura-Europos. It draws on the Greek text ... More


Ethnic Identity in the Roman Near East, a.d. 325–450: Language, Religion, and Culture*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.21
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter explores aspects of ethnicity, religion, and language in the Roman Near East through Greek and Latin literary works and inscriptions. It considers the period from Constantine's ... More


Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This book explores the way in which different ethnic, religious and linguistic communities co-existed and conflicted in the Roman Near East in the three centuries between the conversion of the ... More


The Demons in Solomon’s Temple

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines a Talmudic narrative about King Solomon and Ashmedai, king of the demons, and situates it within its eastern provincial Roman, Babylonian Jewish, and Persian cultural context. ... More


Strology

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines how traditions about astrology reached the Bavli from the Roman East, including Roman Mesopotamia, lending further credence to the notion that the fourth century was an ... More


Excavating the Bible

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the pronounced variations in the expression of biblical monotheism found in commentaries written in the Roman Near East during the fourth and fifth centuries. In particular, it ... More


The Miracle of the Septuagint in Ancient Rabbinic and Christian Literature

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines a non-rabbinic tradition that originated in the Roman East during the early centuries of the Common Era. In rabbinic Christian literature, this tradition is attested in the ... More


Writing on Ostraca: A Culture of Potsherds?

Roger S. Bagnall

in Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267022
eISBN:
9780520948525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267022.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter shows that ostraca occupied a central place in the patterns of everyday writing in the Graeco-Roman East—not merely in Egypt, but all through this cultural zone—which has sometimes been ... More


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