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Bringing NASA Back to Earth:: A Search for Relevance during the Cold War

Erik M. Conway

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Cold War, NASA became the largest funder of climate research in the United States, and a major player in the Earth sciences more generally. When NASA was created after the launch of ... More


Earth System Governance: A Research Agenda

Frank Biermann

in Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications, and Research Frontiers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262240574
eISBN:
9780262286589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262240574.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This concluding chapter outlines the need for a new long-term research effort on the part of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (IDGEC) on Earth system governance. It ... More


Introduction

Jill S. Schneiderman and Warren D. Allmon

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book is dedicated to the proposition that intelligent design (ID) should be a serious concern to everyone interested in science. Because essays in this volume take Earth science as their ... More


Pangloss, Paley, and the Privileged Planet: Parrying the Wedge Strategy in Earth Science Education

Mark Terry

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Much has already been written about how intelligent design (ID) is antithetical to good science education. The boundless energy of the ID campaign inspires awe. Money has flowed to it steadily since ... More


From the End of the World to the Age of the Earth:: The Cold War Development of Isotope Geochemistry at the University of Chicago and Caltech

Matthew Shindell

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After World War II, the University of Chicago founded the Institute for Nuclear Studies (later renamed the Fermi Institute), where distinguished Manhattan Project alumni were encouraged to explore ... More


A Return to Science

Matthew Shindell

in The Life and Science of Harold C. Urey

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226662084
eISBN:
9780226662114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226662114.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Harold C. Urey turned away from political intervention after the FAS and ECAS efforts failed to bear fruit. He turned back to science. Having a new aversion to isotope separation work, he now ... More


Seafloor magnetism and drifting continents

Dan McKenzie

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1960, almost no one believed in the idea of continental drift—that the continents move across the face of the Earth. Within a decade, a complete shift of opinion had occurred: continental drift, ... More


Models and Geophysiological Hypotheses

Arthur C. Petersen

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter reformulates the homeostatic Gaia hypothesis as belonging to a class of “geophysiological hypotheses” that postulate global homeostasis of environmental quantities by the biota, since ... More


It’s not about the Evidence: The Role of Metaphysics in the Debate

Charles E. Mitchell

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The apparent conflicts between science and religion with respect to human evolution owe their origin to the different roles that metaphysics plays in the two approaches to knowledge and to ... More


Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Stephen H. Schneider, James R. Miller, Eileen Crist, and Penelope J. Boston (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This is a multidisciplinary reexamination of the Gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s. The Gaia hypothesis holds that Earth’s physical and ... More


Introduction to drawing geology

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Illustrations and drawings have been used in geology to record field data and communicate science since the inception of the subject. In this chapter the history of illustration and drawing in ... More


Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Matthew J. Genge

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Drawings, illustrations, and field sketches play an important role in Earth Science since they are used to record field observations, develop interpretations, and communicate results in reports and ... More


Loss of Trust in Experts: Earthquakes, Dams, and Well Collapses

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

When a series of micro-earthquakes struck Kerala, various scientific institutions provided contradictory explanations regarding the epicentres and magnitudes, leading to public criticism. The ... More


Border Crossings: The Coloured Rain Controversy

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

When the phenomenon of coloured rain struck Kerala in 2001, the ambivalences and contradictions in the explanation provided by the researchers from the Centre for Earth Science Studies raised public ... More


Drawing schematic diagrams

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Schematic diagrams are invaluable in Earth Science in the communication of concepts in both publications and teaching. These diagrams can also be used during fieldwork to help develop interpretations ... More


Geological governance: surveying the North Sea in the Cold War

Leucha Veneer

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the mid-1960s the British Government began issuing commercial licences for the exploration of the North Sea for gas and oil. Companies were required to share their geophysical findings with the ... More


Modern techniques in illustration and recording in geology

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Advances in technology have enabled new methods in the acquisition and recording of field data in geology and its presentation within publications. These techniques compliment, rather than replace, ... More


The methods of drawing

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Drawing and illustrating in Earth Science has a fundamentally different focus to artistic illustration and requires different techniques. The methods used in drawing geology are described in this ... More


Landscape sketches

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Drawings of landscapes are often used to record large-scale geological structures in Earth Science. This chapter describes how to draw geological features exposed within landscapes with a focus on ... More


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