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The Earned Income Tax Credit

Austin Nichols and Jesse Rothstein

in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226370477
eISBN:
9780226370507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226370507.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We review research on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), focusing on work appearing since the Hotz and Scholz (2003) review. Recent work has confirmed earlier findings that labor supply effects are ... More


Low Wages Need Not Mean Low Incomes

Lane Kenworthy, Jessica Epstein, and Daniel Duerr

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Low-wage jobs are a prominent feature of the U.S. economy. To the surprise of many observers, the same can now be said of Germany. Changes in economic pressures, institutions, and policies make it ... More


Tax Policy toward Low-Income Families

Hilary Hoynes and Jesse Rothstein

in The Economics of Tax Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190619725
eISBN:
9780190619756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619725.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 7 reviews the most prominent provision of the federal income tax code that targets low-income tax filers, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), as well as the structurally similar Child Tax ... More


Has “In-Work” Benefit Reform Helped the Labor Market?

Richard Blundell and Hilary Hoynes (eds)

in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092843
eISBN:
9780226092904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092904.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Welfare policy toward low-income families in the United Kingdom experienced a significant shift toward “in-work” benefits in the late 1980s and 1990s. Although a work requirement for some forms of ... More


The Earned Income Tax Credit as an anti-poverty programme: palliative or cure?

Phyllis Jeroslow

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

One of the questions raised by the competition state thesis is what the consequences are for citizens of governments who are shifting social policies closer towards the needs of employers and the ... More


New Labour’s Tax Credits, 1997–2010

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The thirteen years of Labour government between 1997 and 2010 may come to be seen by future historians as the zenith of the British transfer state, when—in contrast to other western countries—the ... More


Earned Income Tax Credit Policies: Impact and Optimality

Richard Blundell

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses policies directed towards low labour market attachment and low wages among certain groups of parents with children. It aims to evaluate the impact and the optimality of Earned ... More


Revising Government Tax Policies

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines ways to improve economic well-being and tax policies targeted to working families, particularly the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and child care tax policies. The EITC is ... More


Innovative Finance in Communities Across the United States

Georgia Levenson Keohane

in Capital and the Common Good: How Innovative Finance is Tackling the World's Most Urgent Problems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178020
eISBN:
9780231541664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178020.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

examine whether some of the place-based investment strategies, like the Community Reinvestment Act and the Low Income Housing Tax Credit—which have unlocked billions of dollars in private capital for ... More


The United States: Tax Relief for Families

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 6 looks at how the National Commission on Children brought attention to the problem of child poverty in the US, leading to the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit in 1993 and the ... More


The Living Wage and Jewish Law

Aaron Levine

in Economic Morality and Jewish Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199826865
eISBN:
9780190261368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199826865.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter explores the living wage as an anti-poverty measure from the perspective of welfare economics and Jewish law. It discusses the following issues of economic morality: legitimate ... More


Social Insurance and Welfare

George Klosko

in The Transformation of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199973415
eISBN:
9780190676346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973415.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

Distinctive nature of social insurance and how American welfare programs were justified in these terms. Programs discussed are Social Security, “welfare” (AFDC/TANF), Supplemental Security Income, ... More


The Challenge of Creating Good Jobs

Michael Lind

in Working and Living in the Shadow of Economic Fragility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199988488
eISBN:
9780190218249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988488.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

In the aftermath of the Great Recession, the United States faces a medium-term challenge of restoring full employment and a long-term challenge of creating good jobs. Given economic constraints, it ... More


From the Era of Easy Finance to Permanent Austerity

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 3 covers the transition from the “era of easy finance” to the “era of permanent austerity,” when macroeconomic changes reinforced logics. The onset of stagflation across the developed world ... More


The “What” of Taxation, Part Two: Deductions from the Tax Base

Edward J. McCaffery (ed.)

in The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Income Tax Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195376715
eISBN:
9780190260224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195376715.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores the deductions from the tax base by carefully distinguishing between personal, business, and mixed business-personal expenditures. It illustrates the mechanics of deductions by ... More


The Living Wage Movement: What Is It, Why Is It, and What's Known about Its Impact?

Jared Bernstein

in Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261577
eISBN:
9780226261812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261812.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Although living wage movements have appeared throughout this century, the contemporary movement is centered on a specific policy: passing a local ordinance to raise the wage floor for a specified ... More


A Great Big Country

Richard Cordray

in Watchdog: How Protecting Consumers Can Save Our Families, Our Economy, and Our Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780197502990
eISBN:
9780197508251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502990.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

Consumer problems are everywhere, but the issues differ dramatically across the United States: from lack of access to credit in the impoverished Mississippi Delta, to scammers in New York City, to ... More


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