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Car Parking as a Game Between Simple Heuristics

John M. C. Hutchinson, Carola Fanselow, and Peter M. Todd

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0133
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Selecting a parking space is a sequential-search problem, with the pattern of spaces available to search determined by where others have parked. Earlier optimality models of parking ignored this ... More


Sleep Disorders

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Sleep-disordered breathing Symptoms Daytime somnolence, unrefreshing sleep, morning headaches, impaired concentration, short-term memory loss, personality change, sexual dysfunction, nocturnal ... More


Framing Theory, Welfare Attitudes, and the United States Case1

Clem Brooks (ed.)

in Contested Welfare States: Welfare Attitudes in Europe and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804782524
eISBN:
9780804783170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804782524.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter puts the European findings into comparative perspective by using a national survey from the United States, in which a large section of the ESS 2008 Welfare Attitudes module was ... More


The evidence: the power of fairness

Mike Hough

in Good Policing: Trust, Legitimacy and Authority

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355076
eISBN:
9781447355168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355076.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter summarises some of the key evidence showing that procedural justice strategies are effective ways of securing people’s compliance and cooperation within policing. According to surveys ... More


Behavioral and life-history variability in migration

Hugh Dingle

in Migration: The Biology of Life on the Move

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199640386
eISBN:
9780191780714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640386.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

As habitats vary, selection for migration varies in intensity and pattern across space and time, with the result that migratory life-history syndromes and the routes and connectivity between regions ... More


Stability Concepts: Beyond Nash Equilibria

John M. McNamara and Olof Leimar

in Game Theory in Biology: concepts and frontiers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815778
eISBN:
9780191853456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815778.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The concept of an Evolutionarily Stable Strategy (ESS), which is a stronger stability condition than that of a Nash equilibrium, is introduced. A simple evolutionary dynamic, adaptive dynamics, is ... More


Flourishing in European Emerging Adults: The Challenges of Positive Development in a Continent of Inequality

Oliver Robinson and Rita Žukauskienė

in Flourishing in Emerging Adulthood: Positive Development During the Third Decade of Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190260637
eISBN:
9780190672737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260637.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the challenges that European emerging adults encounter in attempting to flourish within a continent that has extreme levels of socioeconomic inequality and very high levels of ... More


Equilibrium

Daniel Friedman, Barry Sinervo, Daniel Friedman, and Barry Sinervo

in Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Chapter 4 connects the dynamic steady state concepts analyzed in previous chapters to the classic static concepts of Nash equilibrium (NE) and evolutionarily stable state (ESS). It shows that NE is a ... More


Energy Balance of Climate

Eelco J. Rohling

in The Climate Question: Natural Cycles, Human Impact, Future Outlook

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190910877
eISBN:
9780197559918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910877.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The Sun is the ultimate energy source for climate. The Sun radiates toward Earth at an almost constant intensity of about 1360 watts per square meter (W/ m2), as measured above the Earth ’s ... More


Changes During The Industrial Age

Eelco J. Rohling

in The Climate Question: Natural Cycles, Human Impact, Future Outlook

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190910877
eISBN:
9780197559918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910877.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Most of the 1°C temperature change since the start of the industrial revolution has occurred in the last six decades (Figure 1.1). The warming is evident in all independently monitored timeseries ... More


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