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The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Edward A. Zelinsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

President Bush's vision of an “ownership society” continues the process of the last three decades by which the defined contribution paradigm has become the primary framework for retirement savings ... More


The Prudent Pension Fiduciary: A Pragmatic View

August Baker, Dennis E. Logue, and Jack S. Rader

in Managing Pension and Retirement Plans: A Guide for Employers, Administrators, and Other Fiduciaries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165906
eISBN:
9780199835508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019516590X.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the fiduciary obligations of sponsors and managers of pension funds. Pension plan fiduciaries have a clear obligation to invest prudently and for the exclusive benefit of plan ... More


Organized Labor’s Incredible Shrinking Social Vision

Marie Gottschalk

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of organized labor in addressing health care and other inequities. It focuses on two institutions of the private welfare state: the Taft-Hartley funds and the Employee ... More


Courts, Inequality, and Health Care

Peter D. Jacobson and Elizabeth Selvin

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0038
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

When interpreting legislation, courts are often presented with opportunities to address health-care inequalities. This chapter describes four instances showing the judiciary's reluctance to confront ... More


How Did It Happen?

Edward A. Zelinsky

in The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

How did the defined benefit plan go from the behemoth of the private retirement system to a secondary player in that system? The story starts with the economic and demographic forces which in the ... More


Why Did It Happen? And Why Social Security Accounts Didn't

Edward A. Zelinsky

in The Origins of the Ownership Society: How the Defined Contribution Paradigm Changed America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339352
eISBN:
9780199855407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339352.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

The causes of the defined contribution paradigm are varied: demographic, statutory, political, economic, cultural. Exploring those causes suggests that the defined contribution paradigm, though not ... More


The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974: A Political History

James Wooten

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242739
eISBN:
9780520931398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242739.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This study of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) explains in detail how public officials in the executive branch and Congress overcame strong opposition from business and ... More


The Evolution of Workplace Advice

Christopher L. Jones and Jason S. Scott

in The Market for Retirement Financial Advice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683772
eISBN:
9780191763359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683772.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Defined contribution (DC) pension plans have helped many individuals accumulate assets for retirement. However, DC plans do not typically offer retirement income options. We first consider the ... More


Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years

Olivia S. Mitchell and Richard C. Shea (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755449
eISBN:
9780191816673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755449.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The 1964 termination of the Studebaker Corporation’s pension plan wiped out or significantly reduced the pensions of thousands of the automaker’s employees and retirees. In response, the US Congress ... More


Introduction: Changing Frameworks for Retirement Security

Olivia S. Mitchell

in Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755449
eISBN:
9780191816673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755449.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) in the United States was passed in 1974 to address corporate pension underfunding and set new rules regarding defined benefit (DB) and other ... More


Cultivating Pension Plans

John M. Vine

in Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755449
eISBN:
9780191816673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755449.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Federal law both cultivates and regulates employer-sponsored pension plans in the United States. Some believe that because employers have been migrating away from traditional defined benefit pension ... More


Employer Pensions Taking Root

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks at the early development of employer-sponsored pension plans. The evolution of employer-sponsored pensions from the 1910s until the passage of the Employee Retirement Income ... More


Growing Pains for Private Retirement Plans

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter looks at the three risks associated with employer-sponsored pension plans during the 1950s and 1960s: agency risk, forfeiture risk, and default risk. It begins with a discussion of ... More


The 1980s: A Decade of Regulatory Schizophrenia

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the regulatory regime for employer-sponsored pension plans. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) was fundamentally about securing pension benefits as workers ... More


Good Intentions Gone Awry

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines how the retirement plan regulations adopted during the 1980s, intended to bring more lower-earning workers into retirement plans and ensure they received an equitable share of ... More


And Then, A Predictable Defined Contribution Surprise

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the implications of the shift from defined benefit plans to defined contribution plans. In 1975, almost 68 percent of the benefits that were paid out of private ... More


Public Pensions: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues surrounding retirement plans for workers from the public sector. The retirement benefits of public-sector workers account for a disproportionately large share of the ... More


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