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Numerical algorithms

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter surveys a variety of root-finding and hill-climbing algorithms that are useful for solving estimating equations or maximizing artificial likelihoods, starting with a basic technique ... More


List of Inscriptions Assigned

Stephen V. Tracy

in Athens and Macedon: Attic Letter-Cutters of 300 to 229 B.C.

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233331
eISBN:
9780520928541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233331.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter provides a list of inscriptions assigned. The addressed inscription numbers include IG II2, Agora I, Acropolis museum, Eleusis, EM, Piraeus Museum Inv., ArchDelt 18A 103–105, ArchDelt ... More


The Cutter of IG II2 478: Dates: 305/4–302/1

Stephen V. Tracy

in Athens and Macedon: Attic Letter-Cutters of 300 to 229 B.C.

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233331
eISBN:
9780520928541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233331.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Plain lettering carried rather quickly—that is the dominant impression of the writing of the Cutter of IG II2 478. He frequently omitted strokes and made an unusual variety of shapes in some letters, ... More


Simulated Maximum Likelihood, Pseudo‐Maximum Likelihood, and Nonlinear Least Squares Methods

Christian Gouriéroux and Alain Monfort

in Simulation-based Econometric Methods

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774754
eISBN:
9780191596339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774753.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The simulated analogues to Maximum Likelihood, Pseudo‐Maximum Likelihood, and Non‐Linear Least Squares Methods are presented. Their asymptotic properties and bias corrections are given under various ... More


Selected Medical Risks in the Tropics

Dom Colbert

in MCQs in Travel Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199664528
eISBN:
9780191918315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199664528.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Basic Formal Ontology at Work

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We discuss the interplay between applied ontology and the use of web resources in scientific and other domains, and provide an account of how ontologies are implemented computationally. We provide an ... More


12 Algorithms for estimating parametric nonlinear models

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter contains an introduction to estimating parametric nonlinear models. Estimation has to be carried out using numerical algorithms. Both algorithms not using derivatives of the function to ... More


A primer on probabilistic inference

Thomas L. Griffiths and Alan Yuille

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides the technical introduction to Bayesian methods. Probabilistic models of cognition are often referred to as Bayesian models, reflecting the central role that Bayesian inference ... More


Lyme Disease

Anita L. Belman and Thomas Preston

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0036
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Lyme disease (LD), caused by the arthropod-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, is a multisystem disease of varying severity. Since its recognition as a ... More


Semi-Supervised Text Classification Using EM

Nigam Kamal, McCallum Andrew, and Mitchell Tom

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter explores the use of generative models for semi-supervised learning with labeled and unlabeled data in domains of text classification. The widely used naive Bayes classifier for ... More


Entropy Regularization

Grandvalet Yves and Bengio Yoshua

in Semi-Supervised Learning

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033589
eISBN:
9780262255899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033589.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter promotes the use of entropy regularization as a means to benefit from unlabeled data in the framework of maximum a posteriori estimation. The learning criterion is derived from clearly ... More


Exograms and Interdisciplinarity: History, the Extended Mind, and the Civilizing Process

John Sutton

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to describe two compatible but distinct movements or “waves” within the literature of the extended mind hypothesis (EM) and to defend and illustrate the interdisciplinary ... More


Clustering and unsupervised classification

Peter Grindrod CBE

in Mathematical Underpinnings of Analytics: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198725091
eISBN:
9780191792526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725091.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Probability / Statistics

This chapter examines iterative clustering methods including finite mixture modelling based on the EM algorithm. Applications to behavioural segmentation of domestic energy customers, the ... More


The senses

Gordon L. Fain

in Sensory Transduction

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835028
eISBN:
9780191872846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835028.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

“The senses” is the introductory chapter of the book Sensory Transduction and describes early studies in the anatomy of sense organs and physiology of the senses. It introduces methods in physiology ... More


Missing data: mechanisms, methods, and messages

Shinichi Nakagawa

in Ecological Statistics: Contemporary theory and application

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199672547
eISBN:
9780191796487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672547.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Missing data are ubiquitous in ecological and evolutionary data sets as in any other branch of science. The common methods used to deal with missing data are to delete cases containing missing data, ... More


Electrodynamics of linear modes—Conservation relations and perturbation theory

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a unified description of linear electrodynamics of a weakly-dissipative, homogeneous medium entailing arbitrary temporal and spatial dispersion in its dynamics. In an ... More


Nonlinear coupling of modes and parametric interactions

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter is devoted to a study of the nonlinear coupling of coherent waves in plasmas. The foundation for describing this coupling—the nonlinear coupling of modes (NLCOM)—is based upon the ... More


Vlasov–Landau–van Kampen/Case kinetic descriptions—Unmagnetized plasma

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter analyzes kinetic descriptions of high-temperature plasmas—fully ionized plasmas—whose dynamics are essentially collisionless and dominated by collective particle dynamics in ... More


Kinetic theory of collisions and transport—II. Weakly-ionized plasmas

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter turns to weakly-ionized plasmas. It describes electron-neutral collisions and some of the resulting transport in applied EM fields. The simplified Lorentz model/operator, and the ... More


Charged-particle motion in electromagnetic fields

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the charged-particle collisionless motions in electromagnetic (EM) fields, with an emphasis on the motion in weakly-nonuniform B-fields that are time independent. It starts with ... More


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