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Turing and the computer

B. Jack Copeland and Diane Proudfoot

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Turing's contributions to the field of computing. Topics covered include the Turing machine, cryptanalytic machines, the ACE and the EDVAC, the Manchester computer, artificial ... More


The ACE Test Assembly, the Pilot ACE, the Big ACE, and the Bendix G15

Harry D. Huskey

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the ENIAC and the EDVAC projects in the US. The author then describes his work at the National Physical Laboratory. Topics covered include the ACE Test ... More


EDVAC and the First Draft

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter charts the rapid evolution of thinking about programming and computer architecture among members of the ENIAC team from 1944 onward, as what is usually called the “stored program ... More


Converting ENIAC

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In spring 1947 a project was launched to convert ENIAC to run code written in the new from introduced with the 1945 “First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC.” This was intertwined with the planning of ... More


ENIAC Settles Down to Work

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

ENIAC’s new configuration was stabilized with further tweaks over the summer of 1948. Over the next seven years it ran more than a hundred different applications, and was gradually transformed from ... More


The Brain Works by Logic

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Brains and computers were twins separated at birth. In 1943, it was known that action potentials were all or none, approximating TRUE or FALSE. In that year, Walter Pitts and Warren McCulloch wrote a ... More


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