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 Introduction: The Body as Adaptive Agent

Robert C. Fuller

in Spirituality in the Flesh: Bodily Sources of Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369175
eISBN:
9780199871186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369175.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the leverage that the body exerts on humanity's propensity toward religion. Recent research in the emotions, neurobiology, sexuality, pain, and the chemical components of ... More


The Role of Play in Human Development

Anthony Pellegrini

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195367324
eISBN:
9780199894185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367324.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

While the subject of play may seem trivial for behavioral science, E. O. Wilson noted that understanding the significance of play is an important challenge facing scholars in these fields. Play is ... More


Scientific Tribes and Totalizing Myths

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Contrary to extensive critique of cultural and epistemological syntheses, a number of scientists promoted what they and others pronounced a new myth, endorsing a broad universalism. The syntheses of ... More


Morrow’s Ants: E. O. Wilson and Gadamer’s Critique of (Natural) Historicism

Mick Smith

in Interpreting Nature: The Emerging Field of Environmental Hermeneutics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254255
eISBN:
9780823260959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254255.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

E.O. Wilson’s sociobiology presents a view of natural history that universalizes science at the cost of a viable ethics and politics of nature. In contrast, Gadamer’s hermeneutic ontology suggests ... More


Human Nature

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

E. O. Wilson's book ‘Sociobiology: The New Synthesis’ was published in 1975 and is considered a modern incarnation of Charles Darwin's ideas. The book presented issues on sociobiology which later ... More


The Constrained Vision of Evolutionary Ethics

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter adapts Thomas Sowell’s concept of the constrained (or “tragic”) and unconstrained (or “utopian) visions of humanity in its consideration of evolutionary ethics as a lens through which to ... More


A Brief History and Outline of Dual Inheritance Theory

Robert A. Paul

in Mixed Messages: Cultural and Genetic Inheritance in the Constitution of Human Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226240725
eISBN:
9780226241050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241050.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Dual Inheritance Theory is traced starting from the application of mathematical models drawn from the field of population biology to the charting of competing cultural ideas over time pioneered by ... More


The Fire Ant Wars: Nature, Science, and Public Policy in Twentieth-Century America

Joshua Blu Buhs

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226079813
eISBN:
9780226079844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079844.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Sometime in the first half of the twentieth century, a coterie of fire ants came ashore from South American ships docked in Mobile, Alabama. Fanning out across the region, the fire ants invaded the ... More


Love of Life, Love of Place

Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

in Civic Ecology: Adaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028653
eISBN:
9780262327169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Biophilia refers to humans’ innate “love” of or affinity for other life. One reason people care for nature after a disaster may be an urgent need to express this love, or an “urgent biophilia.” ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Empathy and Interdisciplinarity

Anne Whitehead

in Medicine and Empathy in Contemporary British Fiction: An Intervention in Medical Humanities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780748686186
eISBN:
9781474438728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748686186.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter asks how, in the context of the medical humanities, we might productively think across disciplinary domains and boundaries. It draws on Ian McEwan’s Saturday as a focus for positioning ... More


Rational Consilience: Some Closing Reflections on Science and Christian Theology

Alister E. McGrath

in The Territories of Human Reason: Science and Theology in an Age of Multiple Rationalities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198813101
eISBN:
9780191872396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813101.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This final chapter focusses on the question of how insights gained from multiple disciplines can be brought together or colligated into a deeper and more satisfying vision of the world. It ... More


Biologically Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief

Michael Ruse

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter addresses three questions. First, what are the evolutionary accounts of religion? To answer this question, the chapter describes several distinct types of evolutionary account. It is ... More


Moral Psychologies and Moral Ecologies

Owen Flanagan

in The Geography of Morals: Varieties of Moral Possibility

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190212155
eISBN:
9780190212186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212155.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral psychology coevolves with natural and social ecologies. Every human is born into a tradition at a particular place and time. This means first, that identity is formed in a way that attaches us ... More


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