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Animism

David Chidester

in Religion: Material Dynamics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520297654
eISBN:
9780520969933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297654.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the emergence of a category, “belief in spiritual beings,” which drove certain “intellectualist” assumptions about the essence, origin, and persistence of religion. Like many ... More


The Origins of Culture and of Anthropology

Frank Palmeri

in "State of Nature, Stages of Society": Enlightenment Conjectural History and Modern Social Discourse

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175166
eISBN:
9780231541282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175166.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the unsettled and formative 1860s, many essays in the British anthropological journals adopted a conjectural form, as did foundational work by E. B. Tylor that established the defining idea of ... More


Anthropology and Original Sin: Naturalizing Religion, Theorizing the Primitive

Constance Clark

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The legacies of rejected nineteenth-century models of evolutionary anthropology remain influential. Nineteenth-century founders of the discipline such as E. B. Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan aspired to ... More


When Did “Orality” Become a “Culture”?

Paula McDowell

in The Invention of the Oral: Print Commerce and Fugitive Voices in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226456966
eISBN:
9780226457017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226457017.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In eighteenth-century Britain, “culture” referred to the care of crops or animals. No author used the term "oral culture," for the anthropological idea of a culture as a way of life did not exist. In ... More


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