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Comparative Electoral Systems Research: The Maturation of a Field and New Challenges Ahead

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A comprehensive review of the literature on electoral systems establishes the progress made in the field in recent years. This area of political science research can now be regarded as a mature ... More


India: Two‐Party Contests within a Multiparty System

Anthony Heath, Siana Glouharova, and Oliver Heath

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

India is the world’s biggest, and in many respects, most remarkable democracy. Despite vast social and linguistic diversity, its political system has been surprisingly stable and effective. India has ... More


Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System

Steven White

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Russia’s mixed parallel system was adopted after the collapse of communism, following a series of negotiations and disagreements between parliament and president. The high thresholds applied in the ... More


Conclusion

Michael Gallagher

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The origins of electoral systems are varied, with some brought into being with all-party consensus and others being introduced by majorities for clearly partisan motives. Turning to the impact of ... More


Parties Without Members?: Party Organization in a Changing Electoral Environment

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines how parties have fared as membership organizations over the past half century. The most comprehensive series of party‐reported membership and survey data for the OECD nations finds that ... More


The Changing Nature of Membership Parties

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the last part of the twentieth century, the biggest British and German parties strengthened the direct links between central party organizations and individual party members. They thereby ... More


Introduction

Alan Ware

in The Dynamics of Two-Party Politics: Party Structures and the Management of Competition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564439
eISBN:
9780191721526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564439.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter argues that political scientists have competed over the relative importance to be accorded to four types of causal factor: (i) social forces and action; (ii) the rules governing ... More


Electoral Rules, the Number of Parties, and Niche Party Success

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter reports an association between the electoral rules that have been adopted in a political system and niche party electoral competitiveness. The competitiveness of niche parties is defined ... More


Elections with Multiple Parties

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter extends the model used for two-party elections to multiparty democracies. It first considers the module models for party competition and voter turnout to see what modifications are ... More


Are Political Parties Meant to Be Internally Democratic?

R. Kenneth Carty

in The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661879
eISBN:
9780191748349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661879.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

As the primary organizational vehicles of electoral democracy political parties are themselves judged in terms of their democratic character. This chapter considers the arguments and evidence of both ... More


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