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An Overview of Haiti's History, 1492–1990

David Malone

in Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides a historical outline of Haiti's domestic situation and international position relevant to the UN's involvement in its affairs in the 1990 elections and its efforts to reverse ... More


Introduction Kalfou Danjere: State Apparatus, War Machine, and Terror in a Transnational Context

Jana Evans Braziel

in Duvalier's Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034577
eISBN:
9780813038247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034577.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The introductory chapter tries to highlight the concerns brought to light in the book regarding the subject of race, diaspora, and U.S. imperialism in the Haitian literature. The chapter explores the ... More


The Political and the Economic

Jeffrey S. Kahn

in Islands of Sovereignty: Haitian Migration and the Borders of Empire

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226587387
eISBN:
9780226587554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226587554.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the history of Haitian migration to the United States by exploring two modes of narrating that history—one that emphasizes poverty as the primary cause of migrant flows and ... More


Dany Laferrière: “I Write as I Live”

Bonnie Thomas

in Connecting Histories: Francophone Caribbean Writers Interrogating Their Past

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496810557
eISBN:
9781496810595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496810557.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter focuses on three aspects of Dany Laferrière’s work – first of all his self-proclaimed Une autobiographie américaine [An American Autobiography] (1985-2001), which is composed of ten ... More


We Will Carry You On: The Women’s Movement

Beverly Bell

in Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the history of women's movements in Haiti. It begins by telling the story of Magalie Marcelin, who began her activism as a teenager under Jean-Claude Duvalier and went on to ... More


We Will Never Fall Asleep Forgetting: (Tales from Twelve Months Out)

Beverly Bell

in Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.003.0026
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the state of affairs in Haiti a year after the earthquake. It begins by discussing the return of Jean-Claude Duvalier, who was charged with corruption and embezzlement but ... More


“The Moody Republic and the Men in Her Life”: François Duvalier, U.S. African Americans and Haitian Exiles, 1957–1964

Millery Polyné

in From Douglass to Duvalier: U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 18701964

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034720
eISBN:
9780813039534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034720.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter highlights the decline in U.S. African American and Haitian relations in response to the authoritarianism of François Duvalier's dictatorship. This nadir demonstrated competing ... More


Coloring the Social Structure: Racial Politics during the Duvalierist Dictatorial Regime of 1957–87

CAROLLE CHARLES

in Race, Colonialism, and Social Transformation in Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032641
eISBN:
9780813038230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032641.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter attempts to analyze the ways in which the Duvalierist state used an inherited color ideology and how racial politics become central to the exercise of power and to the creation of ... More


Rethinking the Black Atlantic: Trans-American Regimes of Violence, Epistemological Occlusions

Jana Evans Braziel

in Duvalier's Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034577
eISBN:
9780813038247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034577.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

The longest periods of migration out of Haiti took place during the Duvalier dictatorship from 1957–1971. These migrations were a great cause of concern for neighboring states because of the ... More


“He Came to Kill the Preacher”: Saints, Martyrs, Torturers, and Post-Duvalierist Returns

Jana Evans Braziel

in Duvalier's Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034577
eISBN:
9780813038247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034577.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter analyzes Danticat's representations of Macoute torture in her most recent novel, The Dew Breaker, which like Krik? Krak! is also narrated and composed in interconnected short-story form. ... More


Switzerland: The Unlikely Crusader

J. C. Sharman

in The Despot's Guide to Wealth Management: On the International Campaign against Grand Corruption

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705519
eISBN:
9781501708442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705519.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter traces how Switzerland has historically attracted such a huge share of foreign wealth. The coverage of kleptocrats' wealth in Switzerland and the various efforts to recover it is roughly ... More


Haiti and the Limits of Sovereignty: Trapped in the Outer Periphery

Robert Fatton

in Who Owns Haiti?: People, Power, and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062266
eISBN:
9780813051987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062266.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

“Haiti and the Limits of Sovereignty” contends that under the weight of an externally imposed neo-liberal regime, a quasi-permanent crisis of governability, and the devastating earthquake of January ... More


Street Sovereignty: Power, Violence, and Respect among Haitian

Chelsey Kivland

in Who Owns Haiti?: People, Power, and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062266
eISBN:
9780813051987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062266.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

“Street Sovereignty” details the workings of youth street gangs while illuminating both the grassroots potential and violent consequences of placing them at the center of Haiti’s multi-scale ... More


Creolization and Connaissance

Andrew Apter

in Oduduwa's Chain: Locations of Culture in the Yoruba-Atlantic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226506388
eISBN:
9780226506555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226506555.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter applies Yoruba revisionary strategies to the New World dynamics of creolization. It focuses on the Petwo paradox in Haitian Vodou, which opposes Creole powers of money and magic to the ... More


Thwarted Expectations? Stasis and Change in Haiti in Dany Laferrière's L'Odeur du café and Le Charme des après-midi sans fin

Louise Hardwick

in Childhood, Autobiography and the Francophone Caribbean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846318412
eISBN:
9781781380475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318412.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Discusses the Haitian diaspora and examines similarities and differences between the DOM authors and Laferriere’s texts on childhood, with careful attention to the specificities of the Haitian ... More


Ears

Alejandra Bronfman

in Isles of Noise: Sonic Media in the Caribbean

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628691
eISBN:
9781469628714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628691.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter opens with an exploration of audience research techniques and the ways that even those conducting the research acknowledged the impossible nature of their task. This sets out the paradox ... More


Red & Black in Haiti: Radicalism, Conflict, and Political Change, 1934-1957

Matthew J. Smith

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832653
eISBN:
9781469605845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807894156_smith
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 1934 the republic of Haiti celebrated its 130th anniversary as an independent nation. In that year, too, another sort of Haitian independence occurred, as the United States ended nearly two ... More


Living Diaspora in Haiti and Senegal

Joanna Dee Das

in Katherine Dunham: Dance and the African Diaspora

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190264871
eISBN:
9780190264901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264871.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, American

“Living Diaspora in Haiti and Senegal” analyzes Dunham’s years spent living in those two nations as an investigation into fashioning a diasporic life. In 1949, Dunham purchased Habitation Leclerc, an ... More


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