Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: Dutch book x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Dutch Book Arguments *

Alan Hájek

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Dutch Book arguments purport to show that rationality requires certain constraints on an agent's subjective probabilities, on pain of the agent being susceptible to sure losses in corresponding bets. ... More


 Keeping Up to Date

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter is about Bayesian decision theory. It explains why game theorists model players' beliefs using subjective probability distributions, and how these beliefs are updated using Bayes' rule ... More


Updating

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The goal of this chapter is to respond to a criticism of objective Bayesianism that concerns the updating of degrees of belief. Objective Bayesianism has often been dismissed on account of ... More


Motivation

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

In §2.3, objective Bayesianism was characterized by appealing to the norms of Probability, Calibration and Equivocation. This chapter encounters some of the motivation behind this characterization. ... More


BAYESIANISM

James M. Joyce

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical expectation. In its epistemic guise it requires believers to obey the laws ... More


A few loose ends

Michael G. Titelbaum

in Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658305
eISBN:
9780191748134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658305.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book has argued that a traditional Bayesian framework using Conditionalization as its updating constraint cannot adequately model stories involving memory loss and context-sensitivity, because ... More


Logic, Graded Belief, and Preferences

David Christensen

in Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263257
eISBN:
9780191602603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263256.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Defends probabilistic coherence as a logical constraint on graded belief. Standard Dutch Book and Representation Theorem arguments seek to defend coherence by positing very tight—even ... More


Why Approximate Coherence?: The Dutch Book Justification

Julia Staffel

in Unsettled Thoughts: A Theory of Degrees of Rationality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198833710
eISBN:
9780191872136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833710.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 begins to answer the question of how Bayesians can justify the claim that approximating probabilistic coherence is beneficial for non-ideal thinkers. Dutch book arguments are often put ... More


Conclusion

in The Vaccinators: Smallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754897
eISBN:
9780804779494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This conclusion presents the significant contributions of the Dutch and of Japan's rangaku (Dutch-learning) scholars to Japan's modern medicine, and also describes the activities of Japanese ranpō ... More


The Thesauruses of Otto and Meerman as Publishing Enterprises: Legal Humanism in its Last Phase, 1725–1780

Ian Maclean

in Reassessing Legal Humanism and its Claims: Petere Fontes?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781474408851
eISBN:
9781474418522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408851.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter investigates the two largest historical monograph collections of legal humanism to appear in the eighteenth century. The four folio volumes of the Thesaurus Juris Romani (1725-9), ... More


Theme: Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter sets the stage for what follows, introducing the reader to the philosophical principles and the mathematical formalism behind Bayesian inference and its scientific applications. We ... More


Bookmaking and Packaging

Lara Buchak

in Risk and Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199672165
eISBN:
9780191759048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672165.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers two arguments against risk-weighted expected utility theory that each involve choice in multi-decision scenarios. The first argument is a version of the classic “Dutch book” ... More


Why Approximate Coherence?: The Accuracy Justification

Julia Staffel

in Unsettled Thoughts: A Theory of Degrees of Rationality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198833710
eISBN:
9780191872136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833710.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 5 continues to answer the question of how Bayesians can justify the claim that approximating probabilistic coherence is beneficial for non-ideal thinkers. Another popular argument for why ... More


Justification

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 9 presents a formal justification of the objective Bayesian approach. The norms of objective Bayesianism are justified on the grounds that they must hold if one is to avoid certain avoidable ... More


Probability and Decision Theory

Juan Comesaña

in Being Rational and Being Right

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198847717
eISBN:
9780191882388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the mathematics of probability and decision theory. The probability calculus is introduced in both a set-theoretic and a propositional context. Probability is also related to ... More


Why Does Rationality Matter?

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Internalism implies that rationality requires nothing more than what in the broadest sense counts as ‘coherence’. The earlier chapters of this book argue that rationality is in a strong sense ... More


Unsettled Thoughts: A Theory of Degrees of Rationality

Julia Staffel

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198833710
eISBN:
9780191872136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833710.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

How should thinkers cope with uncertainty? What makes their degrees of belief rational, and how should they reason about uncertain matters? Recent research in epistemology has attempted to answer ... More


Probabilism, Assertion, and Higher-Order Vagueness

Andrew Bacon

in Vagueness and Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198712060
eISBN:
9780191780264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712060.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hartry Field has recently suggested that a non-standard probability calculus better represents our beliefs about vague matters. His theory has two notable features: (i) that your attitude to P when ... More


The Axiom of Choice Machine

Alexander R. Pruss

in Infinity, Causation, and Paradox

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198810339
eISBN:
9780191847325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810339.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This is a mainly technical chapter concerning the causal embodiment of the Axiom of Choice from set theory. The Axiom of Choice powered a construction of an infinite fair lottery in Chapter 4 and a ... More


Time–Slice Epistemology and Action under Indeterminacy

Sarah Moss

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722762
eISBN:
9780191794087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722762.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defines and defends time-slice epistemology, according to which there are no essentially diachronic norms of rationality. The chapter begins by distinguishing two notions of time-slice ... More


View: