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Heroic Shāktism: The Cult of Durgā in Ancient Indian Kingship

Bihani Sarkar

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266106
eISBN:
9780191865213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266106.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book tells the story of Durgā, the buffalo-demon-slaying deity dear to Indic rulers, between the 3rd and the 12th centuries CE, as she transformed from a Vaiṣṇava, to a Śaiva and finally to a ... More


Durgā and the Making of Early Indian Civilization

Bihani Sarkar

in Heroic Shāktism: The Cult of Durgā in Ancient Indian Kingship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266106
eISBN:
9780191865213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266106.003.0009
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter provides a conclusion to the book. The historical phases and their inner tensions described in the previous chapters reveal that Durgā's representation of the civilizational process and ... More


The Cult of Nidrā-Kālarātri, Goddess of Sleep, Swoon, Death and the Night (c. 3rd to 5th Century)

Bihani Sarkar

in Heroic Shāktism: The Cult of Durgā in Ancient Indian Kingship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266106
eISBN:
9780191865213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266106.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

Assessing early Vaiṣṇava, epic, ritualistic and literary sources and iconographic evidence, this chapter discusses how an archetypical cult of an early Durgā, the form of the goddess prior to her ... More


Taking over Skanda (c. 6th to 7th Century)

Bihani Sarkar

in Heroic Shāktism: The Cult of Durgā in Ancient Indian Kingship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266106
eISBN:
9780191865213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266106.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter assesses how Durgā replaced Skanda as a symbol of imperialism as she began to represent local goddesses thought to control land, something Skanda could not. Śaiva mythology employed ... More


Navarātra: The Festival of the Nine Nights

Bihani Sarkar

in Heroic Shāktism: The Cult of Durgā in Ancient Indian Kingship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266106
eISBN:
9780191865213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266106.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History

Fundamental in making the myth of civilization meaningful in Indian culture was the performance of the Navarātra, the festival of the Nine Nights, which was intertwined with Durgā's cult. This final ... More


Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Rachel Fell McDermott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Annually, during the months of autumn, Bengal hosts three interlinked festivals to honor its most important goddesses: Durgā, Kālī, and Jagaddhātrī. While each of these deities possesses a distinct ... More


The Goddess in Colonial and Postcolonial History

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the life of the three Śākta, or goddess-centered, Pūjās under colonial rule, to demonstrate what Durgā, Jagaddhātrī, and Kālī meant, both to the British and to Bengali Hindus. ... More


Durgā the Daughter: Folk and Familial Traditions

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter focuses on Durgā and describes the many ways in which she is identified with a little girl, for she is at once the martial demon-slayer and Umā, the humble wife of Śiva, whose festival ... More


The Artistry of Durgā and Jagaddhātrī

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter introduces another key element of Durgā Pūjā: the association with agriculture. Prior to an in-depth look at the iconographic development of the Pūjā images, this chapter discusses the ... More


Approaches to Kālī Pūjā in Bengal

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter moves from an emphasis on Kālī's iconography to a discussion of the festival proper. Kālī's festival follows Durgā's by three weeks, on the dark-moon night of the month of Kārtik, ... More


Conclusion

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This concluding chapter nests the three Śākta Pūjās within the Bengali Hindu festival year, in the process attempting to determine what it is that makes Durgā Pūjā in particular so unique, as this ... More


Introduction: An Introductory Tour: The Mansions, the Streets, and the Progression of Days

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Revelry, Rivalry, and Longing for the Goddesses of Bengal: The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231129190
eISBN:
9780231527873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231129190.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This introductory chapter draws a brief sketch of the Pūjā celebrations—religious festivals that celebrate people's connection with the three major goddesses worshipped in Bengal—Durgā, Jagaddhātrī, ... More


From Magic to Deity, Matter to Persona: The Exaltation of Māyā

Bihani Sarkar

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: The Goddess

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198767022
eISBN:
9780191821226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767022.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

The first chapter of the Devīmāhātmya, a collection of myths about the warrior goddess Durgā, mentions a mysterious figure of magic and causal power, the goddess Mahāmāyā who is the personified sleep ... More


The Goddess and the Buffalo

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The lion-escorted Earth goddess promoting fertility and war was worshipped all over West Asia. The sky-bull, her husband, annually died in their sacred marriage, and was then resurrected. Indus seals ... More


Early Iranians and “Left-Hand” Tantrism

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Like the Anatolian goddess Kybele, Nanaya wore a mural crown: she protected the fortress. Many of Durgā’s names relate to “fortress” (durga, tripura, kōṭṭa). “Autumnal forts” of Rigvedic Dāsas were ... More


Harappan Religion in Relation to West and South Asia

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Mother Earth and Father Sky, represented by lion/tiger and bull/buffalo, have dominated West and South Asian village and elite religion from Neolithic times. Their sacred marriage, involving the ... More


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