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January 18, 1932, Excavation Block M8

Michael Peppard

in The World's Oldest Church: Bible, Art, and Ritual at Dura-Europos, Syria

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300213997
eISBN:
9780300216516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300213997.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This short introduction narrates the initial discovery of the Christian building at Dura-Europos. It establishes some knowns and unknowns from the first months of reflection on the finds and aims to ... More


The Second Factor: Centering Focus

Richard Kieckhefer

in Theology in Stone: Church Architecture From Byzantium to Berkeley

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195154665
eISBN:
9780199835676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154665.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In the classic sacramental tradition, the main focus is the altar, conceived as the place of eucharistic sacrifice. The history of the altar is discussed, with reference to the pagan temples and the ... More


The World's Oldest Church: Bible, Art, and Ritual at Dura-Europos, Syria

Michael Peppard

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300213997
eISBN:
9780300216516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300213997.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In 1932, at an ancient military outpost on the Euphrates, excavators unearthed a series of wall paintings. A procession of veiled women, a soldier with sword drawn, a woman at a well. The space was ... More


Dura-Europos and the World’s Oldest Church

Michael Peppard

in The World's Oldest Church: Bible, Art, and Ritual at Dura-Europos, Syria

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300213997
eISBN:
9780300216516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300213997.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter first summarizes the ancient history of Dura-Europos, its inhabitants, and its eventual destruction. It explains how the house-church came to be buried and preserved in the third ... More


The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Dura-Europos, on the Syrian Euphrates, is one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome. A Hellenistic foundation later held by the Parthians and then the Romans, ... More


The Big Picture

Simon James

in The Roman Military Base at Dura-Europos, Syria: An Archaeological Visualization

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198743569
eISBN:
9780191916878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743569.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

It is now twenty years since Fergus Millar highlighted the importance of the spectacular archaeological discoveries made at the ancient city known today as ... More


The Emergence of the Synagogue

Steven Fine

in Early Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479896950
eISBN:
9781479825707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479896950.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

A comparison of the first century Theodotus inscription from Jerusalem with the third century building at Dura Europos demonstrates the emergence of the synagogue as a dominant institution of Jewish ... More


Caravan Cities: The Roman Near East and Long-Distance Trade by Land*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.17
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter follows the possibility of long-distance overland trade with central Asia of Roman Near East's caravan cities: Petra, Gerasa, Palmyra, and Dura-Europos. It draws on the Greek text ... More


Dura-Europos under Parthian Rule*

Fergus Millar

in Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Volume 3: The Greek World, the Jews, and the East

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830307
eISBN:
9781469603216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876657_millar.22
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The evidence of Parthian rule in Dura includes a large range of epigraphic, papyrological, and architectural materials. This chapter reveals surviving documents, inscriptions, and archaeological ... More


Carving Graffiti as Devotion

Karen B. Stern

in Writing on the Wall: Graffiti and the Forgotten Jews of Antiquity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691161334
eISBN:
9781400890453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161334.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines how graffiti was inscribed and painted by ancient Jews to communicate with and about the divine. It begins with a discussion of paintings and carvings that cover the surfaces of ... More


Rethinking Modern Graffiti through Ancient

Karen B. Stern

in Writing on the Wall: Graffiti and the Forgotten Jews of Antiquity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691161334
eISBN:
9781400890453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161334.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter argues that modern graffiti should be reconsidered through a reformed understanding of ancient examples. It explains how graffiti preserve selective information about the ways that ... More


Law and Administration at the Edges of Empire: The Case of Dura-Europos

Kimberley Czajkowski

in Law in the Roman Provinces

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198844082
eISBN:
9780191879739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844082.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The city of Dura-Europos was a melting pot of cultures, influences and traditions—in the legal realm no less than others. The extensive papyri and parchment finds not only cast light on military life ... More


Military Service and the Urban Experience

Ian Haynes

in Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199655342
eISBN:
9780191758300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Auxiliaries were housed in very different bases across the Empire. Yet it is possible to offer a useful generalization about military life in all these settlements; it was an essentially urban ... More


Rome, the Domus Ecclesiae, and the Church Basilica

Robert G. Ousterhout

in Eastern Medieval Architecture: The Building Traditions of Byzantium and Neighboring Lands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190272739
eISBN:
9780190068592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190272739.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, European History: BCE to 500CE

The church basilica adopted in the period of Constantine (after 312 CE) followed the model of Roman civic basilicas and audience halls—that is, it represented a building type without specifically ... More


Patrons and ViewersDura-Europos

Philippa Adrych, Robert Bracey, Dominic Dalglish, Stefanie Lenk, and Rachel Wood

in Images of Mithra

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198792536
eISBN:
9780191834530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792536.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Chapter 2 discusses two gypsum reliefs from Dura-Europos, a city on the Euphrates in modern Syria, once within the Roman Empire. Not only does Dura provide a rare example of two carved tauroctony ... More


Excavating Dura-Europos: From Field to Archive

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book explores the archaeology of Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of the Greco-Roman world. Located on the Syrian Euphrates, Dura-Europos contained ... More


The Houses of Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the urban development of Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome, as well as the architecture of the houses found at the ... More


The Roman Military Presence in the Houses of Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the arrival of thousands of Roman military personnel in the northern part of Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome, and ... More


Everyday Life in Roman Dura-Europos: Household Activities

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the activities that took place in the houses of Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome. In particular, it looks at daily ... More


Assembling Identities at Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on personal and community identities at Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome. In particular, it looks at identities ... More


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