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The Metaphysics of the Incarnation: Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus

Richard Cross

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244362
eISBN:
9780191697357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244362.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The period from Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus is one of the richest in the history of Christian theology. This book aims to provide a thorough examination of the doctrine in this era, making explicit ... More


Varieties of Distinction

Isabel Iribarren

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the accounts which various scholastic theologians gave of a notion central to medieval discussions of the Trinity, that ... More


Life II: Paris, Oxford, Cambridge, and Cologne

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the life and career of John Duns Scotus in Paris, Oxford, Cambridge and Cologne during the period from 1303 to 1308, explaining that during this time, he was constantly on the ... More


Two critical text revolutions

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the complicated nature of the legacy of John Duns Scotus's works, explaining that Scotus's death in 1308 left many of his books unfinished. It discusses the efforts of ... More


Life I: Duns and Oxford

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the early life and career of John Duns Scotus at Oxford University. Scotus studied theology and philosophy in Oxford, and was ordained a priest in 1291. He was later selected to ... More


Philosophy in a new key – extrapolations and perspectives

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers comments on a wide variety of Scotian subjects and theories. It considers John Duns Scotus's thought as a central focus and ingredient of a main tradition of Western thought, not ... More


Ontology

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses the works of John Duns Scotus about ontology. It explains that Scotus's philosophy has many ontological solutions which arise from theological dilemmas, and that the tension ... More


Individuality, individuals, will, and freedom

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Duns Scotus's writings about individuality, will and freedom. It discusses the matter theory of individuals and the early nominalist theory of individuality, and expounds ... More


Ethical structures and issues

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the works of John Duns Scotus related to ethics. It presents the bare challenge of Scotian ethical dilemma and interprets the key words of Scotus's ethical terminology with a ... More


The philosophical theory of God

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Duns Scotus's philosophical theory of God. It explores issues regarding the existence and nature of God, and considers several additional aspects of God's knowledge, ... More


Doctrinal Prologue

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter presents the theological context in which Melanchthon operated. The soteriologies of nine major figures in the western Christian tradition are given, with an emphasis on their ... More


Logic matters

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focus on John Duns Scotus's writings about logic. It explains that his Lectura and the Ordinatio contain many analytical and conceptual praenotanda, or introductions, which serve as ... More


Epistemology

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Duns Scotus's ideas and thoughts about epistemology. It discusses the basic epistemological and methodological principle of parsimony, analyses Scotus's epistemological ... More


Natural Law, Moral Constructivism, and Duns Scotus’s Metaethics: The Centrality of Aesthetic Explanation

Richard Cross

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Scotus holds that the first principle of natural law is that God should be loved. And he holds that any precept in natural law must be such that it is entailed by this principle. The precepts of the ... More


John Duns Scotus

Nathan Widder

in Deleuze's Philosophical Lineage

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632992
eISBN:
9780748652570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632992.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the influence of John Duns Scotus on Gilles Deleuze's concepts of univocity or univocal being. It compares Deleuze's and Duns Scotus's engagements with the ancient and medieval ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


John Duns Scotus on the Passions of the Will

Ian Drummond

in Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Medieval philosophers usually explained the passions of the soul in terms of a bodily change, John Duns Scotus rejects this view and explains the passions in terms of the inclinations of appetitive ... More


Conceptual devices

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the conceptual devices of John Duns Scotus. It analyses Scotus's way of handling the distinction between in sensu composito and in sensu diviso, and explains the principle of ... More


Argument, proof, and science

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the role of argument, proof and science in the philosophy of John Duns Scotus. It explains that Scotus draws the contents of his thought from the wells of faith, revelation and ... More


Physics

Antonie Vos

in The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses the ideas and thoughts of John Duns Scotus related to physics. It discusses Scotus's theory of matter and theory of unity, and describes his view on the debate on the unicity or ... More


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