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  • Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster x
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Costs and genomic aspects of Drosophila immunity to parasites and pathogens

Alex R. Kraaijeveld and Bregje Wertheim

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter begins by focusing on the parasites and pathogens known to attack or infect D. melanogaster (or other Drosophila species), from macro-parasites, such as parasitoids and mites to ... More


Drosophila as a model for studying antiviral defences

Jean-Luc Imler and Ioannis Eleftherianos

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the progress made in the past few years on antiviral defence mechanisms in Drosophila melanogaster, and discusses the relevance of these findings for our understanding of the ... More


Recognition and response to microbial infection in Drosophila

Nichole A. Broderick, David P. Welchman, and Bruno Lemaitre

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms whereby Drosophila recognize foreign microbes, the signalling systems that regulate adapted responses against them, and the effector mechanisms used to control ... More


Laboratory Selection Studies of Life-History Physiology in Insects

Anthony J. Zera and Lawrence G. Harshman

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on research in life-history evolution and evolutionary physiology of insects. It summarizes the current status of major topics of research on the physiological causes of ... More


Perspective—Brain Atlases For Studying Neuronal Circuitry In Arthropods

Jürgen Rybak

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0034
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The study of neuronal circuits that mediate an animal’s behaviour requires a multidisciplinary approach. The brains of arthropods, such as the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the honey bee Apis ... More


Mechanisms of Limb Patterning in Crustaceans

Terri A. Williams

in Functional Morphology and Diversity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195398038
eISBN:
9780190267780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195398038.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The structural diversity of crustacean limbs is enormous, and their evolution is hotly debated. Attempts have been made to understand the developmental patterning mechanisms that generate distinct ... More


Mammalian homeo box genes: evolutionary and regulatory aspects of a network gene system

Frank H. Riddle and Claudia Kappen

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The homeo box was first discovered as a common DNA sequence element in homeotic genes of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Homeotic genes are organized in two gene clusters in the Drosophila ... More


The application of population genetics in the study of codon usage bias

Kai Zeng

in Codon Evolution: Mechanisms and Models

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199601165
eISBN:
9780191810114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199601165.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines codon usage bias, particularly synonymous polymorphisms, from a population genetic point of view. It describes the two most widely used models in the study of synonymous ... More


An Unsolved Problem

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the attention given to mutation—a term increasingly used to designate an observed change in a single characteristic inherited in a typical Mendelian pattern—within the ... More


Paradigms and Exemplars Meet Biomedicine

Angela N. H. Creager

in Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This essay argues that model systems in biology function as exemplars in the sense Thomas Kuhn develops in his postscript to second edition of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, though there ... More


Speeding Up Evolution

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In July 1927 the geneticist Hermann Muller announced the results of a series of experiments in which he claimed to have induced mutations in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster by exposing the ... More


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