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Introduction

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter explores the kinds of physiological variation one might expect in insects, including variations among and between individuals, within and among generations, and across ... More


Water balance physiology

Steven L. Chown and Sue W. Nicolson

in Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515494
eISBN:
9780191705649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515494.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reviews the mechanisms involved in water gain and loss, and osmoregulation of individual insects, as well as the expansion of this aspect of insect physiology to new levels. Cuticular ... More


Recognition and response to microbial infection in Drosophila

Nichole A. Broderick, David P. Welchman, and Bruno Lemaitre

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms whereby Drosophila recognize foreign microbes, the signalling systems that regulate adapted responses against them, and the effector mechanisms used to control ... More


Drosophila as a model for studying antiviral defences

Jean-Luc Imler and Ioannis Eleftherianos

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the progress made in the past few years on antiviral defence mechanisms in Drosophila melanogaster, and discusses the relevance of these findings for our understanding of the ... More


Comparative genomics of insect immunity

Fotis Kafatos, Robert Waterhouse, Evgeny Zdobnov, and George Christophides

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter compares the Drosophila group with mosquitoes and honeybees to disentangle common themes from specific components of immunity. Honeybees, for example, have a relatively small set of ... More


Costs and genomic aspects of Drosophila immunity to parasites and pathogens

Alex R. Kraaijeveld and Bregje Wertheim

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter begins by focusing on the parasites and pathogens known to attack or infect D. melanogaster (or other Drosophila species), from macro-parasites, such as parasitoids and mites to ... More


Studying neuronal function using the Drosophila genetic system

J. Douglas Armstrong and Stephen F. Goodwin

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the use of Drosophila as a system for studying neuroscience across multiple levels. The simple organism has some distinct advantages over many others yet at the molecular and ... More


The determination of the neuronal phenotype

David J. Anderson and Yuh Nung Jan

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter addresses the following questions: What are the key regulatory genes that specify a neuronal fate and a particular neuronal identity? What do they do? How are they controlled? In ... More


Neuronal cell death

Julie Agapite and Hermann Steller

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on recent progress in identifying genes that are directly involved in the control and execution of apoptosis. Topics covered include properties of the apoptotic program, control ... More


Late-Life Mortality and Fecundity Plateaus Evolve

Laurence D. Muller

in Does Aging Stop?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In Drosophila laboratory evolution, mortality and fecundity plateaus evolve in the manner predicted by Hamiltonian theory. These ‘strong inference’ experiments provide corroboration for the ... More


Experimental Evolutionary Domestication

Pedro Simões, Josiane Santos, and Margarida Matos

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Drosophila is one of the commonly used organisms in experimental evolution. One of the goals of experimental studies in Drosophila is to characterize the potential of populations to respond directly ... More


Evolution and mechanisms of insect reproductive diapause: A plastic and pleiotropic life history syndrome

Paul S. Schmidt

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

States of arrested development and reproductive quiescence have widespread effects on life histories in many taxa. Insects that inhabit seasonal environments often express a diapause syndrome which ... More


Intermediary metabolism and the biochemical-molecular basis of life history variation and trade-offs in two insect models

Anthony J. Zera and Lawrence G. Harshman

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Recent studies have shown that changes in intermediary metabolism are correlated with and likely contribute significantly to evolutionary changes in individual life history traits, and trade-offs ... More


How cell mechanics shapes embryos

Michel Labouesse

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Embryonic morphogenesis refers to the stages during which embryos and their organs acquire their functional structure. It requires groups of cells with similar properties to organize themselves in ... More


The blueprint of animals revealed

Ginés Morata

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Drosophila has been the traditional organism for investigating the genetics of multicellular creatures. Over the years, a large number of inheritable variations (mutations) have accumulated in these ... More


Mammalian homeo box genes: evolutionary and regulatory aspects of a network gene system

Frank H. Riddle and Claudia Kappen

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The homeo box was first discovered as a common DNA sequence element in homeotic genes of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Homeotic genes are organized in two gene clusters in the Drosophila ... More


Experimental Evolution from the Bottom Up

Daniel E. Dykhuizen and Anthony M. Dean

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the bottom-up approach used to understand the nature of natural selection, and begins by discussing a bottom-up analysis of the lactose system. The study of lactose metabolism ... More


Laboratory Selection Studies of Life-History Physiology in Insects

Anthony J. Zera and Lawrence G. Harshman

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on research in life-history evolution and evolutionary physiology of insects. It summarizes the current status of major topics of research on the physiological causes of ... More


Selection Experiments and Experimental Evolution of Performance and Physiology

John G. Swallow, Jack P. Hayes, Pawel Koteja, and Theodore Garland, Jr.

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection experiments are a powerful tool for investigating the linkages between biochemical, morphological, and physiological traits that influence physiological performance, as well as for ... More


Adaptive Evolution

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Adaptive evolution—phenotypic improvement due to selection—is the central theme of Darwinian evolutionary biology. The concept of adaptive evolution by ... More


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