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Political Economy: Downsian Perspectives

Bernard Grofman

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Defends Down's three main arguments in An Economic Theory of Democracy. These three arguments relate to the costs associated with voting and rational non‐voting, party competition costs of attempting ... More


Electoral and Party Competition: Analytical Dimensions and Empirical Problems

Stefano Bartolini

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focuses on the concept of electoral and party competition as the key mechanism leading party elites to respond to the preferences of voters. While competition is of central importance in both ... More


A Theory of Referendum Behaviour

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter lays out a theoretical framework for understanding referendum behaviour. The core component of the theory is a model of voting behaviour, which outlines how attitudes shape vote choices, ... More


Are Moderate Parties Rewarded in Multiparty Systems?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Are moderate parties rewarded in multiparty systems? Cross‐national analyses estimate the vote shares for approximately eighty parties across twelve Western European democracies. The results indicate ... More


Proximity and Votes for Mainstream and Niche Parties

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Cross‐sectional analyses of parties' vote shares in twelve Western European democracies are presented, which produce two central findings. The first is that parties, in general, gain more vote shares ... More


Mean Voter Representation Versus Partisan Constituency Representation: Do Parties Respond to the Mean Voter Position or to Their Supporters?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Do political parties respond to shifts in the preferences of their supporters or to the mean voter position? Cross‐national analyses – based on observations from Eurobarometer surveys and parties' ... More


A case study from neuroscience involving stereology and multivariate analysis

Luis M. Cruz-Orive, Ana M. Insausti, Ricardo Insausti, and Dámaso Crespo

in Quantitative Methods in Neuroscience: A Neuroanatomical Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198505280
eISBN:
9780191723766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505280.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Downs syndrome is characterized by a triplication of chromosome 21 (HSA-21), and is the most frequent cause of mental retardation in the newborn. A special trisomic mouse (Ts65Dn) is a well known ... More


The Criterion of Refinement: The 1920s

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter turns to one that refers to life-style, or to the element of refinement in life-style. Social hierarchy was greater before World War II than it is today in South Downs, for the postwar ... More


Introduction

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This book is about a small, sheep-farming community on the South Island of New Zealand, and its central argument is that the local system of social standing and conceptions of self are grounded in ... More


The Conceptual Basis of Occupational Standing

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter explores the reasoning that underlies people's judgments when they rank occupations within the local hierarchy. It first compares the occupational system of South Downs with that of the ... More


The Criterion of Wealth Among Farmers

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter addresses how local farm families judge who is wealthier than whom. The beginning phase of the farm's developmental cycle is marked by constant struggle to meet the mortgage payment, and ... More


The Criterion of Farming Ability

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter deals with the issue of farming ability. Farming ability was used in certain contexts to judge social honor. Most farmers display considerable concern about the way others regard their ... More


The Criterion of Refinement: After World War II

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter discusses refinement after World War II. The social hierarchy in South Downs has changed significantly since the 1920s. Until 1969, full employment prevailed in New Zealand. Most people ... More


Conclusion

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The cultural ideas underlying occupation in South Downs has concentrated on two hierarchical orders: first, the total occupational system of the community, or the pattern that emerges when all the ... More


Four Questions About American Party Factions

Daniel DiSalvo

in Engines of Change: Party Factions in American Politics, 1868-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891702
eISBN:
9780199949410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891702.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

To properly take the measure of factions in American politics, this chapter addresses four questions: What is a faction? What do factions do? Who are the factions in America? What are the causes of ... More


Maximizing, Moralizing, and Dramatizing

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0031
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter describes a “dramatistic,” “dramatic,” or “dramaturgical” approach to the study of social interaction. It asks whether the dramaturgical model insists on the theatricality of social life ... More


The New Convergence of Power

Joel Rast

in The Origins of the Dual City: Housing, Race, and Redevelopment in Twentieth-Century Chicago

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226661445
eISBN:
9780226661612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226661612.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the process through which city officials and the city’s leading downtown business group, the Chicago Central Area Committee, came together around a program for revitalizing ... More


Worthing

Jason Thompson

in Edward William Lane 1801–1876: The Life of the Pioneering Egyptologist and Orientalist

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162879
eISBN:
9781617970214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162879.003.0030
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In the spring of 1851, the Lanes and the Pooles moved some forty miles west to another seacoast town, because Lane had lost his faith in the climate of Hastings. Worthing looked more squarely to the ... More


Convoys and Companies: Privatising Economic Warfare at Sea in the Dutch Republic, 1580–1800

Erik Odegard

in Economic Warfare and the Sea: Grand Strategies for Maritime Powers, c. 1600-1945

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781789621594
eISBN:
9781800341166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621594.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

When the Dutch Republic and Habsburg Spain went to war again in 1621, the Dutch were confronted by a well-run campaign against its trade and fisheries mainly operating out of Dunkirk. This chapter ... More


Farm Colonies for the Irrational in Britain and Canada

Barbara Arneil

in Domestic Colonies: The Turn Inward to Colony

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803423
eISBN:
9780191841606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803423.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

In Chapter 6, the volume examines the implementation of farm colonies for the mentally disabled and ill in Britain and the justifications provided for them by Winston Churchill, G.A. Auden, and ... More


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