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Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book demonstrates that Japan's postwar Constitution has provided a solid foundation for democracy because, contrary to the conventional view that the American Occupation simply “imposed” it, ... More


“This Fundamental Problem”: MacArthur Saves Hirohito

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes how MacArthur in late 1945 and early 1946 saved Hirohito from trial as a war criminal. Contacted by imperial advisers, MacArthur became convinced that Hirohito would cooperate in ... More


“Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Analyzes The Far Eastern Commission's objection to MacArthur's arbitrary approval of the March 6 draft and his plan to elect a new Diet in April to approve it. The FEC challenge threatened ... More


Introduction: “A New Order of Things”

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduces the book's main argument: that it is too simple, and ultimately misleading, to say that SCAP (that is, General MacArthur and officers of the American Occupation) “imposed” a Constitution ... More


“Only as a Last Resort”: The Americans Take Over

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Begins by noting that, early in the Occupation period, General Douglas MacArthur (SCAP) told Japanese leaders that their country could not fulfill the terms of the Potsdam Declaration without ... More


Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Steven Casey

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

How presidents spark and sustain support for wars remains an enduring and significant problem. Korea was the first limited war the United States experienced in the contemporary period—the first ... More


Conclusion

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The Conclusion notes that Japanese political leaders are currently considering whether to amend their Constitution, particularly article 9, renouncing war and armed forces. In this light, it is ... More


The Macarthur Controversy

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Truman's decision to fire MacArthur in April 1951 initially threatened to make the domestic situation even worse. Indeed, Republicans hoped to exploit the opportunity to challenge the ... More


“Censorship is Abhorrent to General Macarthur”

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As soon as the first U.S. troops reached Korea, the U.S. military established guidelines for dealing with war correspondents. MacArthur set the tone. Convinced that he could control media coverage ... More


Dealing with the “Disaster School of Journalism”

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The long military retreat that followed the Chinese intervention sparked a new round of recriminations between the military and media in the Far East. This chapter examines MacArthur's claims that ... More


Why Korea?

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The massive Chinese intervention also led many Americans to question the wisdom of the Korean War: in January 1951, one Gallup poll even found that two‐thirds of the public wanted to withdraw from ... More


The General's Departure

Jeffrey Sonnenfeld

in The Hero’s Farewell: What Happens When CEOs Retire

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065831
eISBN:
9780199854899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065831.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Generals also depart in a style marked by forcible exit. Here, the chief executive leaves office reluctantly, but plots his return and quickly comes back to office out of retirement in order to ... More


Encounter with the Philippines

Hiroshi Masuda

in MacArthur in Asia: The General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449390
eISBN:
9780801466199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter details Douglas MacArthur's various encounters with the Philippines. The first point of contact was through his father, Arthur MacArthur Jr., who was the military governor of the ... More


Planning the Escape from Corregidor, Early February to Late February 1942

Hiroshi Masuda

in MacArthur in Asia: The General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449390
eISBN:
9780801466199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter begins by discussing President Manuel L. Quezon's withdrawal to Corregidor. The Philippine government had moved from Manila on MacArthur's recommendation, with Quezon himself continuing ... More


An Entirely New War

Steven Casey

in Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195306927
eISBN:
9780199867936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306927.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The massive Chinese intervention in the Korean War in late November 1950 created a new sense of crisis in Washington. Attempting to learn from the mistakes they had made in June, senior officials ... More


Japan: “The Father of Reverse-Course Policy”

Paul J. Heer

in Mr. X and the Pacific: George F. Kennan and American Policy in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501711145
eISBN:
9781501711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501711145.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter chronicles Kennan’s pivotal and successful role in redirecting US policy toward Japan during 1947-48. Kennan largely engineered the “reverse course” in US occupation policy away from a ... More


Comprador Cabinets and Democracy by the Sword, 1946–1955

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

American occupation authorities insisted that Japan adopt a democratic constitution, but Japanese political leaders were reluctant to revise the undemocratic prewar constitution. So General ... More


The Evacuation of MacArthur from Corregidor, Late February to the Middle of March 1942

Hiroshi Masuda

in MacArthur in Asia: The General and His Staff in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449390
eISBN:
9780801466199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449390.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

On January 27, 1942, having obtained the agreement of high-ranking army and navy officers, Secretary of State Cordell Hull suggested to Roosevelt that he should urge MacArthur to evacuate from ... More


Military and Diplomatic Defeat in the Korean War

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the Korean War, the U.S. attempted to “roll back” communism on the Korean Peninsula by seeking the destruction of North Korea in the fall of 1950. By widening its war aims from the restoration of ... More


Democracy in the Philippines

Tony Smith

in America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154923
eISBN:
9781400842025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the dynamic of American imperialism in the Philippines since 1898 and the role played by the United States in determining the values, practices, and institutions that constitute ... More


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