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Cannabinoids, Reward, and Addiction

Linda A. Parker

in Cannabinoids and the Brain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter critical for reward processing and is elevated by most addicting drugs. The effect of THC and other CB1 agonists moderately elevate dopamine in reward related regions ... More


Learning Mechanisms in Addictive Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Addictive disorders may best be described as attribution of salience to drug-associated cues and drug consumption at the expense of other reinforcers. Dopamine and serotonin dysfunction can ... More


Learning Mechanisms in Affective Disorders

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Affective disorders are described with respect to a model of positive and negative affect, which suggests that clinical depression may result both from an impairment of reward anticipation and ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Pharmacological Effects on Creativity

David Q. Beversdorf

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Recent research has begun to explore the neuroanatomical substrates of creativity. However, certain conditions such as stress have a significant impact on creative performance. We review the ... More


Learning as Design/Design of Learning

Peter Sterling

in Principles of Neural Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Learning belongs to a broad principle of biological design: adapt, match, learn, and forget. Organisms respond to changed demands by re-sculpting at all levels to prepare for what will most likely be ... More


Striking a chord in the brain: neurophysiological correlates of music-evoked positive emotions

Stefan Koelsch

in The Emotional Power of Music: Multidisciplinary perspectives on musical arousal, expression, and social control

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654888
eISBN:
9780191762871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654888.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

Music can evoke different positive emotions, such as reward-related experiences of "fun", the experience of "tender positive" emotions, or extremely pleasurable experiences such as "frissons". This ... More


Biocultural Coconstruction of Brain Plasticity across the Life Span: From Cognitive Training to Neurotransmitters

Shu-Chen Li

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 15 focuses on the emerging trend of interdisciplinary research that aims at exploring the effects of socio-culturally contextualized experiences and learning on human brain functioning. An ... More


Are Addicts Akratic?: Interpreting the Neuroscience of Reward

Gideon Yaffe

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Working with the view that akratic action is action that conflicts with what the agent values at the time of action, the paper asks whether addicts act akratically. The paper offers an interpretation ... More


Addiction and Blameworthiness

Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

In a series of publications, we have advanced the idea that people are blameworthy for acting badly in either of two ways: acting on a desire for the wrong or bad, or acting in a way that expresses a ... More


Addiction Between Compulsion and Choice

Richard Holton and Kent Berridge

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

We aim to find a middle path between disease models of addiction, and those that treat addictive choices as choices like any other. We develop an account of the disease element by focussing on the ... More


Addiction

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Addicts appear to have very strong desires for their addictive goods, and so to display a worrying degree of indifference to morally important ends when they choose their addictive goods over such ... More


The neurobiology of addiction as a window on voluntary control of behavior and moral responsibility

Steven E. Hyman

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many laboratories, working worldwide on both animal models and human subjects, have produced significant insights into the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie drug addiction. Addictive drugs ... More


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