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Obituary

David J Weiss and James Shanteau

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Following on from the previous two chapters presents an obituary for Ward Edwards. Ward's 1954 paper in the Psychological Bulletin introduced decision making as a research topic for psychologists. He ... More


Cleveland Revisited

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter assesses the outbreak of idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage (IPH) among infants in Cleveland who lived in flooded homes. With no immediate cause for the multiple cases of this rare illness ... More


Neuroglia

Helmut Kettenmann and Bruce R. Ransom (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This book details the basic biology and function of glial cells. It covers the entire field of glial research from the basic molecular and cellular properties of these cells to their involvement in ... More


The Arc of Epidemiology

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the evolution of causal research in epidemiology and how it influenced and was influenced by studies of psychiatric disorders. It discusses the three broad eras comprising the ... More


We Are All Cannibals

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

cannibalism in traditional and modern societies


The Burden of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, Pierre Alexandre, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Diana Clarke, Silvia S. Martins, Gerald Nestadt, and Benjamin Zablotsky

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter briefly describes the features of seventeen major mental disorders and summarizes current data on the burden of disease associated with each. Key diagnostic features of six selected ... More


The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Sonja A. Rasmussen and Richard A. Goodman (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual is the definitive resource for the most up-to-date guidance for epidemiologists and other experts conducting field investigations to address acute public health ... More


Disease and Discrimination: Poverty and Pestilence in Colonial Atlantic America

Dale L. Hutchinson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062693
eISBN:
9780813051789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062693.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This book is a series of narratives about the changing landscapes of America—not only the natural landscapes, but the social, political, and economic landscapes—and how they all contributed to the ... More


Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function

Pamela J. Hornby and Paul R. Wade

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter builds on a basic understanding of the central nervous system (CNS) as coordinator of regional gastrointestinal (GI) tract reflexes. The dorsal vagal complex in the CNS permissively ... More


Basic Formal Ontology at Work

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We discuss the interplay between applied ontology and the use of web resources in scientific and other domains, and provide an account of how ontologies are implemented computationally. We provide an ... More


Global Public Health: A New Era

Robert Beaglehole and Ruth Bonita (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides an account of the international state of public health, including an agenda for improving the practice of the discipline across the world. It addresses three major issues, ... More


Cannabinoids and Neurodegenerative Disorders

Linda A. Parker

in Cannabinoids and the Brain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Cannabinoids play a neuroprotective function in the brain by reducing the release of excitatory glutamate release and by their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. THC acts on both CB1 and CB2 ... More


Josephine Butler

Barbara Caine

in Victorian Feminists

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204336
eISBN:
9780191676215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204336.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the contribution of Josephine Butler to the feminist movement in Victorian England. While Butler was granted heroic status by Victorian reformers and her greater powers of ... More


Structural Brain Imaging and Cognitive Aging

Joel Ramirez and Sandra E. Black

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0062
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

MRI-derived neuroimaging measures from tissue volumetrics to microstructural integrity allow for the non-invasive examination of normal and pathological aging of the human brain. Generally, whole ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries

Denise Koo, Phyllis A. Wingo, and Charles J. Rothwell

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes two types of data collection that are critical for monitoring the population's health and generating health statistics: notifications and registrations. Notifications are ... More


Perspective: Law and Great Public Health Achievements

Anthony D. Moulton, Richard A. Goodman, and Wendy E. Parmet

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0099
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The perspective presented in this chapter illuminates the central role of law in contemporary public health; distills important themes from the practice of public health law; and projects the ... More


The aftermath of 20 March 1996

Patrick van Zwanenberg and Erik Millstone

in BSE: risk, science and governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525813
eISBN:
9780191723902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525813.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

On 20 March 1996, UK ministers acknowledged that a new variant of human spongiform encephalopathy, called variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease, had emerged almost certainly as a consequence of consuming ... More


Introduction

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health, a state of complete physical, mental, social well-being and freedom from disease, depends on the ecosystems in which we live. For example, climate change results in increased temperatures ... More


Outbreak investigations

Kenrad E. Nelson

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the developments that have taken place in the investigation of outbreaks of infectious disease. It describes the advances that have occurred as a result of the use of ... More


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