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Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


Why Intelligent Design Is Not Science

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although strongly supported by multiple lines of evidence and relevant to many “real world” problems, Darwinian evolution remains a battleground in the culture wars. A variant of creationism, known ... More


Understanding a University

Matt Reed and Joss Langford

in The University Partnership Playbook: How to build strategic research relationships

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781789621266
eISBN:
9781800852587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621266.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Each university is different, with each having a specific history, focus, and culture, and slightly different ways of working. In this section, we explore some of the common characteristics and ... More


Discovering Indigenous Lands: The Doctrine of Discovery in the English Colonies

Robert J. Miller, Jacinta Ruru, Larissa Behrendt, and Tracey Lindberg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579815
eISBN:
9780191594465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579815.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

England explored and colonized the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada under the authority of an international law called the Doctrine of Discovery. When Europeans set out to exploit ... More


The Doctrine of Discovery

Robert J Miller, Jacinta Ruru, Larissa Behrendt, and Tracey Lindberg

in Discovering Indigenous Lands: The Doctrine of Discovery in the English Colonies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579815
eISBN:
9780191594465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579815.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book shines new light on the mostly ignored historical and legal evidence of the use of the Doctrine of Discovery in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. In these countries, ... More


The Legal Adoption of Discovery in the United States

Robert J Miller, Jacinta Ruru, Larissa Behrendt, and Tracey Lindberg

in Discovering Indigenous Lands: The Doctrine of Discovery in the English Colonies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579815
eISBN:
9780191594465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579815.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter shows how Discovery was imported and expressly adopted into American colonial and state law in royal charters and colonial and state constitutions, governments, and courts. It explains ... More


The Doctrine of Discovery in Australia

Robert J Miller, Jacinta Ruru, Larissa Behrendt, and Tracey Lindberg

in Discovering Indigenous Lands: The Doctrine of Discovery in the English Colonies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579815
eISBN:
9780191594465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579815.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the ways in which the Doctrine of Discovery was used to justify the assertion of British sovereignty over Australia and its indigenous peoples, and is continued to be used to ... More


Discovering and Inventing India: Jawaharlal Nehru

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya

in TALKING BACK: The Idea of Civilization in the Indian Nationalist Discourse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075042
eISBN:
9780199080816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075042.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Nehru formulated his ideas on Indian civilization in The Discovery of India. The civilizational unity of India is a major theme in this work. He tried to reconcile different approaches to India’s ... More


Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Adolfo Plasencia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The place of discovery and generation of human knowledge has become a somewhat fuzzy area, and it is at the crossroads of equally blurred disciplines where new glimpses of the future occur. This book ... More


THE PROOF PARADIGM AND THE MORAL DISCOVERY PARADIGM

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott explains how the Proof paradigm, a model of top-down reasoning, has led to a serious misunderstanding of how moral judgments are epistemically justified. Talbott develops an ... More


Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book explains the history and strategy of the intelligent design creationist movement, which is headquartered at the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture in Seattle, WA. The ... More


The Wedge Document: A Design for Design

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains the origin of the strategy of the intelligent design movement as laid out in a key document entitled “The Wedge Strategy.” Discovery Institute creationists used it as a ... More


Searching for the Science

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Phase I of the intelligent design movement’s strategy as outlined in the Wedge Document is devoted to “Scientific Research, Writing & Publicity.” The Discovery Institute provides lucrative ... More


Everything Except Science II

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter further examines Phase II of the Wedge Strategy and progresses to Phase III, “Cultural Confrontation and Renewal.” It opens with an analysis of the Discovery Institute’s use of ... More


Wedging into Power Politics

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the Discovery Institute’s aggressive cultivation of political influence at the state and national levels. Its maneuverings in Washington State, Kansas, and Ohio are discussed in ... More


The Discovery Problem

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins the second part of the book, in which the author argues that commitment to the naturalistic research programme precludes one from accepting realism about material objects and materialism. The ... More


What we found

Martin Carver

in Portmahomack: Monastery of the Picts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624416
eISBN:
9780748670703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624416.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The story of the excavation and what it unearthed, and how. On the site of St Colman's – a sequence of nine churches from the 8th to the 20th century; in the Glebe Field, a paved road leading to a ... More


Human–Machine Scientific Discovery

Alireza Tamaddoni-Nezhad, David Bohan, Ghazal Afroozi Milani, Alan Raybould, and Stephen Muggleton

in Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198862536
eISBN:
9780191895333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862536.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Humanity is facing existential, societal challenges related to food security, ecosystem conservation, antimicrobial resistance, etc, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) is already playing an important ... More


Planting Your Flag

Michael Hochberg

in An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804789
eISBN:
9780191843051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804789.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Science works through the publication of results. Sometimes results confirm previous findings, others they are a new discovery. Either way, results only have effects when they are actually made ... More


Travel as Exploration: Science, the Unknown and Personal Discovery

Emily Thomas

in Why Travel?: Understanding our Need to Move and How it Shapes our Lives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529216363
eISBN:
9781529216400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529216363.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter shows that exploratory travel has shaped human history, and is related to a fundamental human desire to encounter the unknown. In particular the chapter focuses on the role of ... More


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