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The Philosophy of Epictetus

Theodore Scaltsas and Andrew S. Mason (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoic philosopher Epictetus has been one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, both in antiquity itself and in modern times. This book includes ten chapters which discuss Epictetus' ... More


 Ethics: Socratic, Stoic, Platonic

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī’s extant ethical corpus is relatively small, but sufficient to show that his ethics is an application of his Neoplatonic ideas about metaphysics and psychology. He provides the first Arabic ... More


The Philosopher as God's Messenger

Katerina Ierodiakonou

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosopher, according to Epictetus, is God's messenger (angelos), witness (martys), servant (diakonos/hypēretēs), and kinsman (syngenēs). By making full use of their logical reasoning, ... More


Epictetus on Cynicism

Malcolm Schofield

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Epictetus' presentation of Diogenes the Cynic, whom he regards both as a divine messenger and as a scout sent by God to spy on men. The two functions complement each other: as ... More


Shakespeare and the Truth-Teller: Confronting the Cynic Ideal

David Hershinow

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474439572
eISBN:
9781474477017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439572.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The Truth-Teller makes the case that Shakespeare repeatedly responds to sixteenth-century debates over the revolutionary potential of Cynic critical activity—debates that persist in later centuries ... More


Nietzsche and the Pyrrhonian Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter opens with a discussion of “historical influence” that intends to clarify the sense in which Nietzsche can be said to have been influenced by Pyrrhonism. Then, it presents the ... More


Introduction

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores both the philosophy of Pyrrho himself and the nature of the connections between Pyrrho and other philosophers — the later Pyrrhonists who took him as a figurehead, and also those ... More


Putting it into Practice

Richard Bett

in Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256617
eISBN:
9780191698323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Much of this chapter deals with the numerous colourful anecdotes about Pyrrho's activities, most of them recorded in Diogenes' life of Pyrrho. How seriously should one take these stories? One obvious ... More


Socrates

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the methods and doctrines that Plato treats as distinctive of Socrates. Socrates commits himself to three main paradoxes and the ... More


The Cyrenaics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Plato's lifetime, Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates, defended at least some aspects of the hedonist position that came to be known as Cyrenaic. At ... More


The Cynics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Cynic school had a long life, extending well into the Roman Empire. It appears to have included sharply different attitudes on central moral ... More


The Downsized Self

Nancy Sherman

in Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy behind the Military Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315912
eISBN:
9780199851201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315912.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses camaraderie, empathy, and respect. It looks at camaraderie as a critical element in combat courage and resilience, and as essential to psychological recovery in the aftermath ... More


Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Gillian Clark and Tessa Rajak (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Miriam Griffin is unrivalled as a bridge-builder between historians of the Graeco-Roman world and students of its philosophies. This wide-ranging volume in her honour brings together essays from ... More


Kath' hauto and pros ti

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Fine sets down some of the groundwork for understanding the first of Aristotle's three objections to the Argument from Relatives, which with the other two objections will be discussed in the ... More


The Discourses

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Surveys the scope, themes, and style of Epictetus’ Discourses, starting with an assessment of their transmission by Epictetus’ student, Arrian. They should be read as an accurate record of how he ... More


Socratic Humor in the Hellenistic Period

John Lombardini

in Politics of Socratic Humor

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520291034
eISBN:
9780520964914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291034.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter begins with an overview of the legacy of Socratic humor within Stoic and Epicurean philosophy in order to indicate how this legacy continued to be debated beyond the classical period. It ... More


Introduction

J. L. Marr and P. J. Rhodes (eds)

in Aris & Phillips Classical Texts: The Constitution of the Athenians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780856687761
eISBN:
9781800342804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780856687761.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the short treatise Constitution of the Athenians or Athenaion Politeia, which was created by an author labelled as 'Old Oligarch' or commonly referred as 'Pseudo-Xenophon'. It ... More


Doxography and Psychoanalysis, or Relegating Truth to the Lowly Status It Deserves

Barbara Cassin

in Jacques the Sophist: Lacan, Logos, and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823285754
eISBN:
9780823288779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823285754.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter serves as an introduction to the history and methodology of “doxography” as the deeply problematic means by which Presocratic texts have been transmitted and passed down to us.It ... More


Cynicism: Or, Philosophy as a Way of Strife

Christian Wildberg

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 57

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198850847
eISBN:
9780191885709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850847.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Historians of philosophy (such as Hegel, Hadot, Cooper, among others) tend to marginalize the ancient Cynics as philosophically uninteresting, and moreover as irrelevant for a proper understanding of ... More


Cynicism and the Courage of Truth

David Hershinow

in Shakespeare and the Truth-Teller: Confronting the Cynic Ideal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474439572
eISBN:
9781474477017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474439572.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter takes a closer look at Foucault’s unfinished genealogy of philosophical parrhêsia, or fearless speech, arguing that Foucault sees diogenical Cynicism as the logical culmination of an ... More


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