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The Flow of Information

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses how information should flow in an organization. There are only two ways in which information can exist in any location — either it was created there, or it was transferred ... More


The Venture Capital State: The Silicon Valley Model in East Asia

Robyn Klingler-Vidra

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501723377
eISBN:
9781501723384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501723377.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Venture Capital State investigates the diffusion of the globally acclaimed Silicon Valley venture capital (VC) policy model. The spread of this model has been ubiquitous, with at least 45 states ... More


Simulating Digital Logic with the Reversible Aggregation Model of Crystal Growth

George E. Homsy and Norman H. Margolus

in New Constructions in Cellular Automata

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137170
eISBN:
9780197561652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137170.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

We are concerned with understanding the implicit computation occurring in a physical model of crystal growth, the Reversible Aggregation (RA) model. The RA model is a ... More


Chemical and Physical Modification of the Rhizosphere

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

The term ‘rhizosphere’ tends to mean different things to different people. In discussing how a root affects the soil, it is well to bear in mind the spread of the zone ... More


Local Movement of Solutes in Soil

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

In the previous chapter, we dealt with the distribution of solutes between gas, liquid and solid phases in the soil at equilibrium; and with the rates of ... More


The Uptake Properties of the Root System

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

The uptake of nutrient and other ions into the root from the surrounding soil is the main topic of this book. To understand it, we need to know how the nutrient uptake ... More


Introduction

Mark Aldenderfer

in Anthropology, Space, and Geographic Information Systems

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085754
eISBN:
9780197560495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085754.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Although spatial thinking has long been a part of anthropological inquiry, it has waxed and waned in its perceived utility and centrality to the field. Although the ... More


Diffusion, Buffering, and Binding

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In Chap. 9 we introduced calcium ions and alluded to their crucial role in regulating the day-to-day life of neurons. The dynamics of the free intracellular calcium is ... More


Dendritic Spines

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Dendritic spines, sometimes also called dendritic thorns, are tiny, specialized protoplasmic protuberances that cover the surface of many neurons. First described by ... More


Unconventional Computing

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0026
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

As discussed in the introduction to this book, any (bio)physical mechanism that transforms some physical variable, such as the electrical potential across the ... More


Molecular Assemblies, Probes, and Proteomics in Flow Cytometry

Steven W. Graves and John P. Nolan

in Flow Cytometry for Biotechnology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195183146
eISBN:
9780197561898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195183146.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The many proteins and nucleic acids encoded in the genome predominantly perform their functions as macromolecular assemblies. In fact, modern biomedical ... More


Basic Concepts

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Both Cartesian tensor and vector notation will be used in this text. The notation xi means the i-component of the vector x = (x1 x2, x3). When used in the argument of ... More


An Overview of Stochastic Tools for Modeling Transport of Tracers in Heterogeneous Media

Yoram Rubin

in Applied Stochastic Hydrogeology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195138047
eISBN:
9780197561676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195138047.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Spatial variability and the uncertainty in characterizing the flow domain play an important role in the transport of contaminants in porous media: they affect the ... More


Flow Over Plant Canopies

J. C. Kaimal and J. J. Finnigan

in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flows: Their Structure and Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195062397
eISBN:
9780197560167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195062397.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Any land surface that receives regular rainfall is almost certain to be covered by vegetation. Most of the inhabitable regions of the globe fall into this category. ... More


Soil Physics

Anthony S. R. Juo and Kathrin Franzluebbers

in Tropical Soils: Properties and Management for Sustainable Agriculture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195115987
eISBN:
9780197561157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195115987.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Soil physics deals with physical properties of soils such as soil texture, porosity, soil water, soil aeration, soil temperature, soil structure, and the ... More


The Three Phases of Max Boisot’s Theorizing

John-Christopher Spender

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Max’s PhD re-framed Weber’s (and Needham’s) classic question of why China failed to generate an industrial revolution in a remarkably novel way. His codification-diffusion matrix suggested Western ... More


Maps for the Masses?

Daniel Foliard

in Dislocating the Orient: British Maps and the Making of the Middle East, 1854-1921

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226451336
eISBN:
9780226451473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226451473.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

This chapter examines the reception of the cartographies and geographies of the Orient by the wider British public in the 1850s and 1860s.It first considers commercial mapmaking and the contrasted ... More


Intellectual Artillery

Song-Chuan Chen

in Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter observes that the Warlike party launched an informational war to penetrate the soft borders that constrained information flow and interaction. Their efforts concentrated on the Society ... More


Soul chariots in Indian and Greek thought: polygenesis or diffusion?

Paolo Magnone

in Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474410991
eISBN:
9781474426695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter discusses the similarity between the allegories of the soul as chariot in Plato's Phaedrus and the Katha Upanishad. It begins by investigating the methodological assumptions underlying ... More


Conceptualizing EU External Climate Relations

Diarmuid Torney

in European Climate Leadership in Question: Policies toward China and India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029360
eISBN:
9780262329606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029360.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter develops an analytical framework for assessing EU climate leadership and followership which considers in turn the drivers of EU external engagement on climate change, the form of ... More


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